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Political obligation in ancient Greece and in the modern world

Author: Mogens Herman Hansen; Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskab,
Publisher: Copenhagen : Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, 2015. ©2015
Series: Scientia Danica., Series H,, Humanistica 8 ;, v. 10
Edition/Format:   Print book : Essay : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"This essay is a comparative study of the problem of political obligation in ancient Greek city-states (poleis) and in modern democratic states. The citizens of a country have a duty to obey the laws, but do they also have an obligation, i.e. a moral requirement to support and comply with the laws and political institutions of the state? Modern political philosophers agree that citizens have a political obligation  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Mogens Herman Hansen; Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskab,
ISBN: 9788773043912 8773043915
OCLC Number: 927175780
Notes: Essay.
Description: 75 pages ; 24 cm.
Contents: The concept of political obligation --
The social contract as the foundation of political obligation --
John Locke's account of the social contract --
David Hume's critique of the social contract --
The modern debate about political obligation --
Sokrates' view of political obligation in Kriton --
Parallels between Sokrates' and modern political philosophers' views --
The civic oath as ground of political obligation in ancient Greece --
Emigration as alternative to incurring a political obligation --
Sokrates' decision to accept the verdict --
Civic oaths --
Six types of political oaths sworn by all citizens --
The extent and limits of political obligation --
Stasis --
Conclusion --
An alternative view of political obligation.
Series Title: Scientia Danica., Series H,, Humanistica 8 ;, v. 10
Responsibility: by Mogens Herman Hansen.

Abstract:

"This essay is a comparative study of the problem of political obligation in ancient Greek city-states (poleis) and in modern democratic states. The citizens of a country have a duty to obey the laws, but do they also have an obligation, i.e. a moral requirement to support and comply with the laws and political institutions of the state? Modern political philosophers agree that citizens have a political obligation if they have given their consent personally and voluntarily, as, e.g., naturalised citizens in USA who swear an oath of loyalty. But an oath of loyalty sworn by all citizens and residents of a state is not practised anywhere in the modern world and is not even discussed by political philosophers as a possible foundation of political obligation. Instead the focus is on various forms of implied consent such as gratitude for what the state provides for its citizens, or membership obligations, or the principle of fairnes, or other forms of tacit or implied consent. Some philosophers--called philosophical anarchists--argue that there is no reason why citizens should feel obliged to obey the laws. In ancient Greece the problem of political obligation was treated differently. In many or even most of the city-states all citizens had to take an oath of loyalty when they came of age and often later in life as well. Therefore the problem of political obligation did not exist and is not discussed in Greek political philosophy except in one passage of Plato's Kriton where Sokrates in a fictitious dialogue with the laws of Athens argues that he has an obligation to accept his verdict and stay in prison. Since he probably had not sworn a civic oath when he came of age his arguments are the same as in the modern world: gratitude, membership, fairness, and tacit consent, with voluntary exile as the alternative to living under laws and a constitution one did not approve of"--

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