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Prayer; a study in the history and psychology of religion,

Author: Friedrich Heiler; Samuel McComb; John Edgar Park
Publisher: London, New York Oxford University Press [©1932]
Edition/Format:   Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Heiler, Friedrich, 1892-1967.
Prayer.
London, New York [etc.] Oxford University Press [©1932]
(OCoLC)644671455
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Friedrich Heiler; Samuel McComb; John Edgar Park
OCLC Number: 794760
Notes: "Printed in the United States of America."
Description: xxvii, 376 pages 21 cm
Contents: Prayer as the central phenomenon of religion --
Sources for the study of prayer --
a. Prayers --
b. Personal testimonies about prayer --
c. Purely external testimonies --
Chapter I: Primitive prayer --
Occasions and motives of prayer --
Form of prayer --
The praying person --
The individual and society in primitive prayer --
The content of --
Attitude and gesture in --
The higher beings invoked in --
The conception of God underlying primitive prayer --
The relation of man to God expressed in --
Chapter II: Ritual prayer --
Transformation of free prayer into ritual prayer --
The obligatoriness of the wording of the prayer --
The fixedness of prayer formulas --
The content of ritual prayer --
The mechanization of prayer --
Chapter III: Prayer in the religion of Greek civilization --
Characteristics of Homeric religion --
Sense of dependence in Greek religion --
As expressed in prayer --
Freedom of Greek prayer --
Its content --
Its social character --
Eudaemonistic prayer --
Prayers of cursing and vengeance --
General prayers --
Sense of proportion --
Character of the gods addressed in prayer --
Friendly relation to the gods --
Appraisal of Greek prayer --
Chapter IV: Critique and ideal of prayer in philosophical thought --
Criticism of naïve eudaemonism --
Origin of the philosophical concept of prayer --
Its content --
Ethical ideals, personal and social --
Self-renunciation and freedom --
Contemplation --
Kant's conception of prayer --
Philosophical criticism of prayer --
Philosophical reinterpretations of --
Rationalistic dissolution of --
The indestructibility of natural prayer --
Chapter V: Prayer in the experience of great religious personalities --
Features of personal in common with primitive prayer --
Its differentiation from primitive prayer: separation of prayer from sacrifice --
Personal prayer a life of prayer --
As the work of God in the human spirit --
Yet impossible apart from human effort --
The object of personal prayer of the great masters of religion --
God and salvation --
Its breadth --
Its spirituality --
Its ideal character --
Its historical continuity --
In the Bible and Christianity --
Jesus the master of personal prayer --
Personal prayers of St. Paul --
Of St. Bernard --
Of St. Francis --
Of Thomas a Kempis and St. Teresa --
Of Luther --
Of Calvin --
Of Ardnt --
Of Tersteegen --
Of the Christian East Chapter VI: General characteristics of mysticism and prophetic religion --
Difference of the two types --
Historical genesis --
Fundamental psychic experience in mysticism --
Fundamental psychic experience in mysticism --
Fundamental psychic experience in prophetic religion --
Additional psychological characteristics --
Idea of God in mysticism --
Idea of God in prophetic religion --
Valuation of history in mysticism --
In prophetic religion --
Attitude towards authority in mysticism --
In prophetic religion --
Sin and salvation in both types --
Relation to ethics of both types --
To the world and civilization --
To the hope of immortality --
Monism of mysticism and dualism of prophetic religion --
Final characterization --
Chapter VII: Prayer in mysticism --
Preliminary remarks --
Motive and aim of mystical prayer --
Form of --
Nature and content of --
Concentration --
Contemplation --
Thanksgiving --
Surrender and resignation --
Contemplation of one's own unworthiness and of the divine miracle of grace --
Ecstasy --
Refusal to pray for earthy good --
The psychological stages in mystical prayer --
The idea of God in --
The relation of God and man as expressed in --
Direction in --
Chapter VIII: The variants of mystical prayer --
Sacramental and cultural mysticism --
Nuptial mysticism --
The nuptial idea in mediaeval mysticism --
Psychological explanation --
Prayer in nuptial mysticism --
Quietist mysticism --
Absorption or profound meditation in Buddhism --
Summary of the characteristics of mystical prayer --
Chapter IX: Prayer in prophetic religion --
Occasion and motive of --
Spontaneity of --
Emotions in --
Form of --
Content of --
Complaint and question --
Petition for personal religious values --
For personal ethical values --
For ethical and social values --
Intercessory prayer --
For super-personal religious and ethical values --
For eudaemonistic values --
Means of persuasion --
Expression of weakness and dependence --
Expression of trust --
Expression of resignation --
Thanksgiving --
Praise --
Yearning and vision --
The conception of God which underlies prophetic prayer --
Belief in the presence of God --
The relation of God and man --
Prophetic standards of prayer --
Comparison of mythical and prophetic prayer Chapter X: The personal prayer of great men. Poets and artists --
Spontaneity and creative power of --
The aesthetic, contemplative type, as represented by Goethe, Rousseau and Amiel --
The emotional, ethical type, as represented by Cromwell, Michelangelo, Beethoven, Cellini, Jalal-ed-din-Rumi --
Chapter XI: Prayer in public worship --
Public prayer as related to the devotional life of prophetic personalities --
Historical survey --
Origin of congregational prayer in Jewish exile --
Congregational prayer in the primitive church --
Reform in the fourth century --
In the Reformation --
In pietism --
Liturgical reform at the present time --
Motive and purpose of common prayer in public worship --
Lay and priestly prayer in the early church --
Transformation of free into fixed prayer --
Protest of the sects against fixed prayer --
Prayer-direction --
Response of the congregation --
Silent prayer --
Content of common prayer --
Praise and thanksgiving --
Confession of sin --
Prayer for the coming of the Kingdom --
For the church --
Prayer for individual religious benefits --
Intercessory prayers --
The invocation in common prayer --
The idea of prayer in public worship --
Special types of common prayer --
In primitive Christianity --
In the Catholic church --
In the synagogue --
evangelical churches and sects --
Chapter XII: Personal prayer as a law of duty and good works --
The peculiar characteristic of legalistic religions: Mazdaism, post-exilic Judaism, Islam and Catholicism --
Their concept of prayer --
The content of prescribed prayer --
Its motives --
Its pedagogic value --
Chapter XIII: The essence of prayer --
Variety of the forms of prayer --
Distinction between primary and secondary types --
The psychological root of prayer --
Belief in God as personal --
Belief in the presence of God --
Living communion with God --
The nature of adoration --
Nature of devotion --
Distinction of prayer from adoration and devotion --
Prayer, the centre of religion
Responsibility: by Friedrich Heiler ... translated and edited by Samuel McComb ... with the assistance of J. Edgar Park ...

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schema:description"Chapter X: The personal prayer of great men. Poets and artists -- Spontaneity and creative power of -- The aesthetic, contemplative type, as represented by Goethe, Rousseau and Amiel -- The emotional, ethical type, as represented by Cromwell, Michelangelo, Beethoven, Cellini, Jalal-ed-din-Rumi -- Chapter XI: Prayer in public worship -- Public prayer as related to the devotional life of prophetic personalities -- Historical survey -- Origin of congregational prayer in Jewish exile -- Congregational prayer in the primitive church -- Reform in the fourth century -- In the Reformation -- In pietism -- Liturgical reform at the present time -- Motive and purpose of common prayer in public worship -- Lay and priestly prayer in the early church -- Transformation of free into fixed prayer -- Protest of the sects against fixed prayer -- Prayer-direction -- Response of the congregation -- Silent prayer -- Content of common prayer -- Praise and thanksgiving -- Confession of sin -- Prayer for the coming of the Kingdom -- For the church -- Prayer for individual religious benefits -- Intercessory prayers -- The invocation in common prayer -- The idea of prayer in public worship -- Special types of common prayer -- In primitive Christianity -- In the Catholic church -- In the synagogue -- evangelical churches and sects -- Chapter XII: Personal prayer as a law of duty and good works -- The peculiar characteristic of legalistic religions: Mazdaism, post-exilic Judaism, Islam and Catholicism -- Their concept of prayer -- The content of prescribed prayer -- Its motives -- Its pedagogic value -- Chapter XIII: The essence of prayer -- Variety of the forms of prayer -- Distinction between primary and secondary types -- The psychological root of prayer -- Belief in God as personal -- Belief in the presence of God -- Living communion with God -- The nature of adoration -- Nature of devotion -- Distinction of prayer from adoration and devotion -- Prayer, the centre of religion"@en
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schema:description"Chapter VI: General characteristics of mysticism and prophetic religion -- Difference of the two types -- Historical genesis -- Fundamental psychic experience in mysticism -- Fundamental psychic experience in mysticism -- Fundamental psychic experience in prophetic religion -- Additional psychological characteristics -- Idea of God in mysticism -- Idea of God in prophetic religion -- Valuation of history in mysticism -- In prophetic religion -- Attitude towards authority in mysticism -- In prophetic religion -- Sin and salvation in both types -- Relation to ethics of both types -- To the world and civilization -- To the hope of immortality -- Monism of mysticism and dualism of prophetic religion -- Final characterization -- Chapter VII: Prayer in mysticism -- Preliminary remarks -- Motive and aim of mystical prayer -- Form of -- Nature and content of -- Concentration -- Contemplation -- Thanksgiving -- Surrender and resignation -- Contemplation of one's own unworthiness and of the divine miracle of grace -- Ecstasy -- Refusal to pray for earthy good -- The psychological stages in mystical prayer -- The idea of God in -- The relation of God and man as expressed in -- Direction in -- Chapter VIII: The variants of mystical prayer -- Sacramental and cultural mysticism -- Nuptial mysticism -- The nuptial idea in mediaeval mysticism -- Psychological explanation -- Prayer in nuptial mysticism -- Quietist mysticism -- Absorption or profound meditation in Buddhism -- Summary of the characteristics of mystical prayer -- Chapter IX: Prayer in prophetic religion -- Occasion and motive of -- Spontaneity of -- Emotions in -- Form of -- Content of -- Complaint and question -- Petition for personal religious values -- For personal ethical values -- For ethical and social values -- Intercessory prayer -- For super-personal religious and ethical values -- For eudaemonistic values -- Means of persuasion -- Expression of weakness and dependence -- Expression of trust -- Expression of resignation -- Thanksgiving -- Praise -- Yearning and vision -- The conception of God which underlies prophetic prayer -- Belief in the presence of God -- The relation of God and man -- Prophetic standards of prayer -- Comparison of mythical and prophetic prayer"@en
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