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Preliminary neutron diffraction study of two fenestrated axes from the 'Enot Shuni' Bronze Age cemetery (Israel)
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Preliminary neutron diffraction study of two fenestrated axes from the 'Enot Shuni' Bronze Age cemetery (Israel)

Author: E N CaspiH EttedguiO RivinM PeilstockerB BreitmanAll authors
Edition/Format: Article Article : English
Publication:Journal of Archaeological Science, v36 n12 (200912): 2835-2840
Database:Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
Other Databases: British Library SerialsArticleFirstElsevier
Summary:
Neutron diffraction (ND) analyses of ancient metals show that this method is capable of detecting differences in the inner composition and microstructure of ancient metal objects. Here, ND measurements were conducted on two 'eye shaped' axes from the end of the 3rd-beginning of the 2nd millennium BC. The objects were excavated from the ancient cemetery of 'Enot Shuni' Israel; one is made of bronze and the other of  Read more...
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Details

Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: E N Caspi; H Ettedgui; O Rivin; M Peilstocker; B Breitman; I Hershko; S Shilstein; S Shalev
ISSN:0305-4403
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 463080853
Awards:

Abstract:

Neutron diffraction (ND) analyses of ancient metals show that this method is capable of detecting differences in the inner composition and microstructure of ancient metal objects. Here, ND measurements were conducted on two 'eye shaped' axes from the end of the 3rd-beginning of the 2nd millennium BC. The objects were excavated from the ancient cemetery of 'Enot Shuni' Israel; one is made of bronze and the other of silver. Both artefacts are rare finds, with the silver axe unique in the archaeology of Israel, and therefore had to be analysed locally. For that purpose, a newly assembled diffractometer (KARL) at the IRR-1 of the Nuclear Research Centre (Soreq, Israel) was used. ND measurement on the bronze axe revealed the existence of an @a-phase with a range of Cu/Sn ratios (Cu-Sn solid solutions) and some amount of a @d-phase (intermetallic compound of Cu and Sn). The silver axe ND pattern shows the existence of an @a-phase (Ag-Cu solid solution) and some amount of copper metal. Our ND data are discussed in comparison with XRF surface measurements and thermal neutron radiography. The results are shedding more light on the in-depth material composition profile, as well as on the objects' structural and compositional affinities, and help to better understand the production processes and assist in conservation decisions.

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