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Prevalence of basidiomycete allergy in the USA and Europe and its relationship to allergic respiratory symptoms
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Prevalence of basidiomycete allergy in the USA and Europe and its relationship to allergic respiratory symptoms

Author: S B Lehrer Affiliation: Tulane Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Section of Allergy and Immunology, New Orleans, LA, USAJ M Hughes Affiliation: Tulane Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Section of Allergy and Immunology, New Orleans, LA, USAL C Altman Affiliation: Department of Environmental Health and Oral Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USAJ Bousquet Affiliation: Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, FranceR J Davies Affiliation: St Bartholomew's Hospital, Department of Respiratory Medicine, London, UKAll authors
Edition/Format: Article Article : English
Publication:Allergy, v49 n6 (July 1994): 460-465
Other Databases: WorldCat
Summary:
A total of 701 adults living in the USA or Western Europe who had symptoms of allergic respiratory disease were skin prick tested with extracts prepared from eight basidiomycetes species and four Fungi Imperfecti species. In these subjects, the presence of asthma, rhinitis, or both was determined by questionnaire. Overall, 178/701 (25.4%) of the participants reacted to at least one basidiomycete extract. There was  Read more...
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Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: S B Lehrer Affiliation: Tulane Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Section of Allergy and Immunology, New Orleans, LA, USA; J M Hughes Affiliation: Tulane Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Section of Allergy and Immunology, New Orleans, LA, USA; L C Altman Affiliation: Department of Environmental Health and Oral Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; J Bousquet Affiliation: Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, France; R J Davies Affiliation: St Bartholomew's Hospital, Department of Respiratory Medicine, London, UK; L Gell Affiliation: Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, USA; J Li Affiliation: Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; M Lopez Affiliation: Tulane Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Section of Allergy and Immunology, New Orleans, LA, USA; H J Malling Affiliation: State University Hospital, Department of Medicine, Allergy Unit, Copenhagen, Denmark; D A Mathison Affiliation: Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, Green Hospital of Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, CA, USA; J Sastre Affiliation: Fundación Jimenez Diaz, Allergy Department, Madrid, Spain; G Schultze-Werninghaus Affiliation: Klinikum de Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Zentrum der Inneren Medizin, Frankfurt, Germany; H J Schwartz Affiliation: University Suburban Health Center, Cleveland, OH, USA
ISSN:0105-4538
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 5153967714
Notes: Samuel B. Lehrer, PhD, Research Professor of Medicine, Section of Allergy and Immunology, Tulane Medical Center, 1700 Perdido Street, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
Accepted for publication 10 November 1993
Number of References: 23
Awards:

Abstract:

A total of 701 adults living in the USA or Western Europe who had symptoms of allergic respiratory disease were skin prick tested with extracts prepared from eight basidiomycetes species and four Fungi Imperfecti species. In these subjects, the presence of asthma, rhinitis, or both was determined by questionnaire. Overall, 178/701 (25.4%) of the participants reacted to at least one basidiomycete extract. There was no difference in the prevalence of reactivity detected in the USA and Europe (P < 0.005); however, the prevalence of reactors in individual centers from both areas varied significantly. Psilocybe cuhensis was the most potent allergen source in both the USA (12.3% reacted) and Europe (16.0%). Pleurotus ostreatus was second overall (10.6%) and in the USA (10.7%), and third in Europe (10.3%). Pisolithus tinctorius and Coprinus quadrifidus produced the least potent allergens, with only 5.4% of the population reacting. There was a significant relationship (P < 0.005) between basidiospore reactivity and the presence of atopy, asthma, and asthma and rhinitis. Basidiospore reactivity was not associated with the presence of rhinitis alone (P= 0.312). These results suggest that basidiomycetes are important sources of aeroallergens in geographically disparate regions and may be particularly important in patients with asthma.
Lehrer SB, Hughes JM, Altman LC, Bousquet J, Davies RJ, Gell L, Li J, Lopez M, Mailing HJ, Mathison DA, Sastre J, Schultze-Werninghaus G, Schwartz HJ. Prevalence of basidiomycete allergy in the USA and Europe and its relationship to allergic respiratory symptoms.

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Lehrer SB, Hughes JM, Altman LC, Bousquet J, Davies RJ, Gell L, Li J, Lopez M, Mailing HJ, Mathison DA, Sastre J, Schultze-Werninghaus G, Schwartz HJ. Prevalence of basidiomycete allergy in the USA and Europe and its relationship to allergic respiratory symptoms.
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