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Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and reproductive behavior in Zambia

Author: Nicholas Wilson; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2012.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 18226.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is the single most effective HIV prevention intervention in practice today. Nonetheless, little reliable empirical evidence exists on the behavioral effects of PMTCT. This paper documents the rapid expansion of access to PMTCT in Zambia during the period 2000-2007 and provides some of the first evidence on the change in reproductive behavior associated with  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Nicholas Wilson; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 801033135
Notes: Title from http://www.nber.org/papers/18226 viewed July 20, 2012.
"July 2012."
Description: 1 online resource (27, [20] pages).
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 18226.
Responsibility: Nicholas Wilson.

Abstract:

Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is the single most effective HIV prevention intervention in practice today. Nonetheless, little reliable empirical evidence exists on the behavioral effects of PMTCT. This paper documents the rapid expansion of access to PMTCT in Zambia during the period 2000-2007 and provides some of the first evidence on the change in reproductive behavior associated with PMTCT scale-up. The results of a primarily descriptive analysis suggest that PMTCT may have generated increases in knowledge about PMTCT and MTCT, large reductions in child mortality and pregnancy rates, and smaller changes in breastfeeding rates. However, additional research is required to address the potential endogeneity of PMTCT availability.

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