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Principles of environmental chemistry

Author: James Girard
Publisher: Burlington, Mass. : Jones & Bartlett Learning, ©2013.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 3rd edView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Appropriate for students with a general chemistry background, Principles of Environmental Chemistry, Third Edition helps students understand the underlying chemical processes that are operating in the environment while demonstrating how difficult it is to measure these systems. The author emphasizes that all living and nonliving parts of our environment are comprised of chemicals and that all of the natural  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: James Girard
ISBN: 9781449650155 1449650155 9781449693527 1449693520
OCLC Number: 794640303
Description: xxiii, 711 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm
Contents: Planet Earth : Rocks, Life, and Energy. The formation of the universe --
Differentiation of the Earth into layers --
Formation of the oceans --
Formation of the atmosphere --
Rocks and minerals --
The Rock Cycle --
Rocks as natural resources --
Ores and metals --
Mineral reserves --
The origin of life on Earth --
The uniqueness of the Earth --
The environment --
Ecosystems --
The flow of energy through ecosystems --
Concentration units --
Nutrient cycles --
Additional sources of information --
Keywords --
Questions and Problems --
Earth's Soil and Agriculture : Feeding the Earth's People. Population growth --
The development of modern agriculture --
Soil --
Plant nutrients --
Mixed fertilizers --
The use of synthetic inorganic fertilizers --
New varieties of crop plants --
Can we feed tomorrow's world? --
The Earth's Atmosphere. The major layers in the atmosphere --
Composition of the atmosphere --
Units used to describe atmospheric chemistry --
Energy balance --
Particles in the atmosphere --
Global Warming and Climate Change. Global temperature from the ice ages to present time --
Infrared absorption and molecular vibrations --
Residence time of atmospheric gases --
Radioactive forcing --
Evidence for global warming --
Effects of global warming --
Slowing global warming --
Chemistry of the Troposphere. Chemical reactions in the atmosphere --
Carbon monoxide --
Nitrogen oxides --
Volatile organic compounds --
Automobile pollutants and the catalytic converter --
Sulfur dioxide --
Industrial smog --
Photochemical smog --
Temperature inversions and smog --
Regulating air pollution --
Indoor air pollution --
Chemistry of the Stratosphere. Dobson unit --
The production of ozone in the stratosphere --
Determining the steady-state of concentration of ozone --
Catalytic destruction of ozone --
Depletion of the protective ozone layer in the stratosphere --
Analysis of Air and Air Pollutants. In situ absorption measures --
Infrared spectrometry --
Infrared vibrational frequencies --
Remote measurements of atmospheric composition --
Monitoring automotive emissions --
Monitoring emissions from stationary sources --
Monitoring SO2 emissions --
Particulate emissions --
Monitoring particulate emissions --
Water Resources. Distribution of water on the Earth --
The composition of natural waters --
The hydrologic cycle : recycling and purification --
The unique properties of water --
Acid rain --Acid mine drainage --
Water use and water shortages --
Water management and conservation --
Water withdrawal, water consumption, and water pollution --
Water as a limiting resource for economic growth --
Water Pollution and Water Treatment. Types of water pollutants --
Disease-causing agents --
Oxygen-consuming wastes --
Plant nutrients --
Secondary nutrients : calcium, magnesium, and sulfur --
Micronutrients --
Mixed fertilizers --
The use of synthetic inorganic fertilizers --
Plant nutrients and eutrophication --
Suspended solids and sediments --
Dissolved solids --
Thermal pollution --
Pollution of groundwater --
Sewage treatment --
Regulation of water quality --
Analysis of Water and Wastewater. Sampling methods --
Types of water pollutants --
Disease-causing agents --
Oxygen-consuming wastes --
Plant nutrients --
Dissolved solids --
Alkalinity --
Ion Chromatography --
Radioactive substances --
Fossil Fuels : Our Major Source of Energy. Energy use : a historical overview --
Energy and power --
Energy from fuels --
Petroleum --
Natural gas --
Coal --
Electricity --
Sequestering CO2 --
Nuclear Power. The nature of radioactivity --The half-life of radioisotopes --
The harmful effects of radiation on humans --
Everyday exposure to radiation --
Uses of radioisotopes --
Nuclear fission --
Nuclear energy --
Energy Sources for the Future. Energy-efficient lighting --
Solar energy --
Energy from biomass --
Wind power --
Geothermal energy --
Water power --
Tidal power --
Energy from hydrogen gas --
Fuel cells --
Clean cars for the future --
Energy sources for the twenty-first century --
Inorganic Metals in the Environment. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals --
Toxic metals --
Lead --
Mercury --
Cadmium --
Arsenic --
Organic Chemicals in the Environment. Polychlorinated hydrocarbons --
Persistent, Bioaccumulative, and toxic pollutants --
Using the EPA's PBT profiler --
Analysis of persistent organic pollutants in environmental samples --
Sustainability and Green Chemistry. Sustainable consumption and production --
Five axioms of sustainability --
United Nations commission on sustainable development --
Life-cycle thinking --
Leapfrog technology --
Sustainability and chemistry --
Putting sustainability into practice --
Insecticides, Herbicides, and Insect Control. Organophosphates --
Carbamates --
The transmission of nerve impulses --
Analysis of organophosphate insecticides in water --
Herbicides --
Problems with synthetic pesticides --
Alternative methods of insect control --
Future farming : less reliance on agricultural chemicals --
New varieties of crop plants --
Can we feed tomorrow's world? --
Toxicology. What is meant by "toxic"? --
Types and routes of exposure --
Routes of administration --
Dose and response --
Excretion of chemicals from the body --
Teratogens, mutagens, and carcinogens --
Nucleic acids --
Protein synthesis --
The genetic code --
Ames test --
Asbestos. Silicates --
Physical properties of asbestos minerals --
Asbestos diseases --
Regulation of asbestos --
Analytical methods for asbestos fibers --
Asbestos litigation --
The Disposal of Dangerous Wastes. Careless waste disposal in the past --
Defining solid waste --
Disposal of municipal solid waste --
The problem of hazardous waste --
Policy for management and disposal of hazardous waste --
EPA methods for testing solid waste --
The unsolved problem --
Superfund : cleaning hazardous waste dumpsites --
Radioactive waste --
Regulation of radioactive waste disposal --
Technologies for radioactive waste disposal --
The post-Cold War challenge --
Appendices: Solubility products, Ksp ; Dissociation constants for acids and bases in aqueous solution at 25 degrees Celsius ; Standard redox potentials in aqueous solutions ; Carbon compounds : an introduction to organic chemistry ; Answers to even-numbered questions.
Responsibility: James E. Girard.

Abstract:

"Appropriate for students with a general chemistry background, Principles of Environmental Chemistry, Third Edition helps students understand the underlying chemical processes that are operating in the environment while demonstrating how difficult it is to measure these systems. The author emphasizes that all living and nonliving parts of our environment are comprised of chemicals and that all of the natural processes continuously occurring in the environment involve chemical reactions. With this concept of interdependence, students begin to see that without some understanding of chemistry, it is impossible to fully understand environmental issues such as ozone depletion, global warming, air and water pollution, and the hazards of radioactivity. The Third Edition includes a new chapter on Green Chemistry as well as numerous updates throughout to address the changes in the field"--Publisher's website.

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