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Principles of radiographic imaging : an art and a science

Author: Richard R Carlton; Arlene McKenna Adler; et al
Publisher: Clifton Park, New York : Delmar/Cengage Learning, 2013. ©2013
Edition/Format:   Book : English : Fifth editionView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
An overview of imaging modalities, 5th Edition delivers essential information on radiographic contrast, density, detail, and distortion, as well as the latest instrumentation and technology used in the imaging sciences. Building logically from the simplest concepts to the more complex, the text ties lessons together visually and conceptually in a student-friendly and thorough presentation of radiographic exposure.
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Richard R Carlton; Arlene McKenna Adler; et al
ISBN: 9781439058725 1439058725
OCLC Number: 773723205
Description: xxxi, 800 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 24 cm.
Contents: List of tables --
Foreword --
Preface --
About the authors --
Acknowledgments --
How to use StudyWARE --
Unit 1: Creating The Beam: --
Basic Mathematics: --
Arithmetic --
Algebra --
Units of measurement --
Radiation Concepts: --
Matter and energy --
Atomic theory --
Types of energy --
Electromagnetic spectrum --
Discovery of X-Rays --
X-Rays properties --
Electricity: --
Electrostatics --
Electrodynamics --
Series and parallel circuits --
Electromagnetism: --
Magnetism --
Electromagnetism --
Solenoids and electromagnets --
Controlling electrical current --
Rectification --
X-Ray Equipment: --
Types of X-Ray equipment --
Power for X-Ray generation --
Basic X-Ray circuit --
Generators --
Automatic exposure controls --
X-Ray Tube: --
Cathode assembly --
Anode assembly --
Envelope --
Protective housing --
Rating charts and cooling curves --
Recommendations for extending tube life --
X-Ray Production: --
Conditions --
Target interactions --
Emission spectrum --
Unit 2: Protecting Patients And Personnel: --
Radiation Protection Concepts And Equipment: --
Basic of radiation protection --
Principles and practice --
Quantities and units relevant to radiation protection --
Detection and measurement of ionizing radiation --
Radiation Protection Procedures For Patients And Personnel: --
Advisory groups and regulatory agencies --
Limiting exposure to ionizing radiation --
Protection of personnel --
Protection of the patient --
Radiation exposure and pregnancy --
Filtration: --
Measurement --
Types of filtration --
Effects on output --
Prime Factors: --
Prime factors --
Milliamperage-second (mAs) --
Kilovoltage (kVp) --
Distance --
Image quality factors --
X-Ray Interactions: --
X-Ray interaction with matter --
Photoelectric absorption --
Coherent scattering --
Compton scattering --
Pair production --
Photodisintegration --
Effect on technical factor selection --
Minimizing Patient Dose: --
Estimating approximate entrance skin exposure --
Typical entrance skin exposure --
Reducing patient dose with communication --
Reducing patient dose with positioning --
Reducing patient dose with technical factors --
Discussing radiation risk versus benefit with patients --
Unit 3: Creating The Image: --
Vision And Perception: --
Image perception --
Controlling the image in space --
Radiography as an art form --
Beam Restriction: --
Controlling scatter --
Beam restrictors --
Ancillary devices --
Patient As A Beam Emitter: --
Attenuation --
Human body as an attenuator --
Patient's relationship to image quality --
Pathology Problem: --
Pathology and radiation --
Absorption --
Increased attenuation (additive) --
Decreased attenuation (destructive) conditions --
Grid --
Purpose of the grid --
Grid construction --
Grid patterns --
Grid types --
Grid uses --
Grid selection/conversions --
Grid performance evaluation --
Grid errors --
Alternative scatter reduction --
Method: the air-gap technique --
Radiologic Film: --
Construction --
Latent image formation --
Types of film --
Film storage and handling --
Film identification --
Film Processing: --
Developing --
Fixing --
Archiving --
Automatic processing --
Darkroom --
Silver recovery systems --
Film Sensitometry: --
Sensitometric equipment --
D Log E Curve --
Film characteristics --
Intensifying Screens And Film/Screen Combinations: --
Construction --
Phosphors --
Characteristics --
Cassettes and holders --
Care --
Emission spectra --
Characteristics --
Digital Radiography: --
Historical development --
Digital image formation --
Image processing operations --
Digital image quality --
Exposure indicators --
Computed radiography (PSP) systems --
Flat panel digital radiography --
Digital radiography artifacts --
Picture Archiving And Communications Systems (PACSs): --
Informatics --
Image acquisition --
Image distribution --
Image display --
Storage --
Unit 4: Analyzing The Image: --
Imaging Process --
Imaging process --
Professional imaging standards --
Analytical process --
Acceptance limits --
Density / Image Receptor Exposure: --
Assessing density/IR exposure --
Effects on image appearance --
Factors affecting density/IR --
Exposure --
Contrast: --
Assessing contrast --
Image contrast --
Evaluating contrast --
Factors affecting contrast --
Recorded Detail: --
Assessing recorded detail --
Effects on image appearance --
Factors affecting recorded --
Detail --
Distortion: --
Assessing distortion --
Factors affecting size distortion --
Factors affecting shape distortion --
Effect on image appearance --
Art Of Image Critique: --
Implementing imaging standards --
Identifying an imaging problem --
Effective image critique method --
Applying the image critique method --
Quality Management: --
Quality assurance and quality control --
Purchasing equipment --
Monitoring equipment performance --
Ancillary equipment --
PACS systems --
Repeat-image studies --
Troubleshooting --
Unit 5: Comparing Exposure Systems: --
Exposure Systems: --
Exposure system selection --
Establishing an exposure system --
Establishing fixed kilovoltage exposure systems --
Establishing a variable kilovoltage peak exposure system --
Automatic Exposure Controls: --
Ionization chambers --
Positioning skills --
Exposure Conversion Problems: --
Standard conversion relationships and tables --
Solving complex exposure problems --
Unit 6: Special Imaging Systems And Modalities: --
Mobile Radiography: --
Special patient considerations --
Special radiation protection considerations --
Types of equipment --
Special technical factor selection considerations --
Fluoroscopy: --
Historical development --
Fluoroscopic uses --
Types of equipment --
Fluoroscopic X-Ray tubes --
Image intensification tubes --
Image quality --
Video viewing systems --
Digital fluoroscopy --
Recording the fluoroscopic image --
Mobile fluoroscopic equipment --
Radiation protection during fluoroscopy --
Tomography And Digital Tomosynthesis: --
Tomographic principle --
Tomographic quality --
Types of motion --
Digital Tomosynthesis --
Tomographic procedures --
Mammography: --
Historical development --
Generator characteristics --
X-Ray tube --
Accessories --
Resolution --
Digital mammography --
Quality control --
Bone Densitometry: --
History and overview --
Bone science --
Osteoporosis --
WHO diagnostic criteria --
DXA principles and instrumentation --
Scan acquision and analysis --
Femur --
Spine --
Forearm --
Quality control --
Radiation safety and protection --
Vascular Imaging Equipment: --
History of vascular imaging --
Digital image acquisition --
Modes of digital image --
Acquisition --
Image post-processing --
C-arm assembly --
Angiographic tables --
Contrast medium injection --
Devices --
Quality control --
Computed Tomography: --
Invention of computed tomography --
Scanner generations --
Components of a CT unit --
CT numbers (Hounsfield Units) --
Image reconstruction --
Image quality --
Scanning procedures --
Artifacts --
Radiation protection --
Magnetic Resonance Imaging: --
History --
Instrumentation --
MRI physics --
MRI --
MR safety --
Nuclear Medicine And PET Scanning: --
Nuclear physics --
Radioactive decay --
Radiochemistry and radiopharmaceuticals --
Imaging instrumentation --
Positron emission tomography (PET) --
Hybrid SPECT/CT and PET/CT imaging --
Nonimaging instrumentation --
Radiation protection --
Clinical applications --
Radiation Therapy: --
Historical overview --
Consultation --
Treatment planning --
Treatment --
Specialized treatments and units --
Diagnostic Medical Sonography: --
Introduction --
Sound waves --
Attenuation --
Range --
Field --
Doppler --
Harmonics --
Transducer and components --
Instrumentation --
Appendix A: On a new kind of rays --
Appendix B: Answers to case studies --
Appendix C: Epigraph sources and credits --
Glossary --
Index.
Other Titles: Radiographic imaging
Responsibility: Richard R. Carlton, Arlene M. Adler ; contributors, William Faulkner... [et al.].

Abstract:

An overview of imaging modalities, 5th Edition delivers essential information on radiographic contrast, density, detail, and distortion, as well as the latest instrumentation and technology used in the imaging sciences. Building logically from the simplest concepts to the more complex, the text ties lessons together visually and conceptually in a student-friendly and thorough presentation of radiographic exposure.

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Linked Data


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schema:description"Unit 4: Analyzing The Image: -- Imaging Process -- Imaging process -- Professional imaging standards -- Analytical process -- Acceptance limits -- Density / Image Receptor Exposure: -- Assessing density/IR exposure -- Effects on image appearance -- Factors affecting density/IR -- Exposure -- Contrast: -- Assessing contrast -- Image contrast -- Evaluating contrast -- Factors affecting contrast -- Recorded Detail: -- Assessing recorded detail -- Effects on image appearance -- Factors affecting recorded -- Detail -- Distortion: -- Assessing distortion -- Factors affecting size distortion -- Factors affecting shape distortion -- Effect on image appearance -- Art Of Image Critique: -- Implementing imaging standards -- Identifying an imaging problem -- Effective image critique method -- Applying the image critique method -- Quality Management: -- Quality assurance and quality control -- Purchasing equipment -- Monitoring equipment performance -- Ancillary equipment -- PACS systems -- Repeat-image studies -- Troubleshooting -- Unit 5: Comparing Exposure Systems: -- Exposure Systems: -- Exposure system selection -- Establishing an exposure system -- Establishing fixed kilovoltage exposure systems -- Establishing a variable kilovoltage peak exposure system -- Automatic Exposure Controls: -- Ionization chambers -- Positioning skills -- Exposure Conversion Problems: -- Standard conversion relationships and tables -- Solving complex exposure problems -- Unit 6: Special Imaging Systems And Modalities: -- Mobile Radiography: -- Special patient considerations -- Special radiation protection considerations -- Types of equipment -- Special technical factor selection considerations -- Fluoroscopy: -- Historical development -- Fluoroscopic uses -- Types of equipment -- Fluoroscopic X-Ray tubes -- Image intensification tubes -- Image quality -- Video viewing systems -- Digital fluoroscopy -- Recording the fluoroscopic image -- Mobile fluoroscopic equipment -- Radiation protection during fluoroscopy -- Tomography And Digital Tomosynthesis: -- Tomographic principle -- Tomographic quality -- Types of motion -- Digital Tomosynthesis -- Tomographic procedures -- Mammography: -- Historical development -- Generator characteristics -- X-Ray tube -- Accessories -- Resolution -- Digital mammography -- Quality control -- Bone Densitometry: -- History and overview -- Bone science -- Osteoporosis -- WHO diagnostic criteria -- DXA principles and instrumentation -- Scan acquision and analysis -- Femur -- Spine -- Forearm -- Quality control -- Radiation safety and protection -- Vascular Imaging Equipment: -- History of vascular imaging -- Digital image acquisition -- Modes of digital image -- Acquisition -- Image post-processing -- C-arm assembly -- Angiographic tables -- Contrast medium injection -- Devices -- Quality control -- Computed Tomography: -- Invention of computed tomography -- Scanner generations -- Components of a CT unit -- CT numbers (Hounsfield Units) -- Image reconstruction -- Image quality -- Scanning procedures -- Artifacts -- Radiation protection -- Magnetic Resonance Imaging: -- History -- Instrumentation -- MRI physics -- MRI -- MR safety -- Nuclear Medicine And PET Scanning: -- Nuclear physics -- Radioactive decay -- Radiochemistry and radiopharmaceuticals -- Imaging instrumentation -- Positron emission tomography (PET) -- Hybrid SPECT/CT and PET/CT imaging -- Nonimaging instrumentation -- Radiation protection -- Clinical applications -- Radiation Therapy: -- Historical overview -- Consultation -- Treatment planning -- Treatment -- Specialized treatments and units -- Diagnostic Medical Sonography: -- Introduction -- Sound waves -- Attenuation -- Range -- Field -- Doppler -- Harmonics -- Transducer and components -- Instrumentation -- Appendix A: On a new kind of rays -- Appendix B: Answers to case studies -- Appendix C: Epigraph sources and credits -- Glossary -- Index."@en
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