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Processes of Vegetation Change

Author: Colin J Burrows
Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1991.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Bibliographic data : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:

Covering ideas on the nature and causes of temporal change in the species composition of vegetation, this book examines in particular the diverse processes of interaction of plants with their  Read more...

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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Material Type: Bibliographic data, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Colin J Burrows
ISBN: 9789401130585 9401130582 9780045800131 0045800138
OCLC Number: 840309702
Description: 1 online resource (551 pages)
Contents: 1 The nature of vegetation and kinds of vegetation change.- Kinds of organisms comprising the vegetation.- Plant populations.- Properties of vegetation.- Vegetation classification and terminology.- The vegetation continuum.- Why study vegetation change?.- Observing vegetation change.- Styles of vegetation change.- 2 Plants and their abiotic environment.- The environmental complex.- Plant variables.- Productivity.- The role of physical and chemical variables.- Master factors.- Factor gradients.- Stress.- Disturbance.- Plants in their environment.- Changes in environments.- 3 Plants and their biotic environment.- Regeneration and plant populations.- Ecophysiological amplitude.- Differences between plant species.- Plant-neighbour relationships.- Plant senescence.- Ecological niches.- Conclusions.- 4 Vegetation development on volcanic ejecta.- Surtsey, Iceland.- Krakatau, Indonesia.- Mount Tarawera, New Zealand.- Mauna Loa and Kilauea, Hawaii, USA.- Some conclusions.- 5 Vegetation development on sand dunes.- The Indiana dunes, Lake Michigan, USA.- The Manawatu dunes, New Zealand.- Some Australian dunes.- Some conclusions.- 6 Vegetation development on glacial deposits.- Glacier Bay, Alaska, USA.- Glacier moraines in other localities in North America.- Direct colonization of moraines by trees.- Franz Josef Glacier, New Zealand.- Suggestions about causes of the vegetation changes.- Some conclusions.- 7 Influences of strong environmental pressures.- Deserts of the warm temperate to subtropic zones.- Grasslands and drought.- Rock outcrops.- Temperate alpine regions.- Subpolar regions - the Arctic tundra.- Protected coasts and estuaries subject to tidal influences.- Other extreme soil conditions.- Grazing.- Fire.- Disturbances in confined areas.- Some conclusions.- 8 Patterns of vegetation change in wetlands.- Lakes.- Mires.- Water conditions.- Peat mire stratigraphy.- Some British and Scandinavian mires.- Mires in the southern Great Lakes region, North America.- Stratigraphic studies of British mires.- Indications of interruptions of mire sequential development.- 'Phasic regeneration cycles' in bogs.- Vegetation change processes in wetlands.- Some conclusions.- 9 Changes in some temperate forests after disturbance.- The mixed forests of eastern North America.- The different scales of disturbance.- Sprouts and regeneration.- Revegetation of abandoned farmland.- Actual records of population changes.- The development of old-growth forest stands.- Some conclusions.- 10 Changes in some tropical forests.- Forest structure and diversity.- Forest species structure.- Maintenance of the diversity of tree species in the vegetation.- Diversity, communities and mature forest.- 11 Processes of vegetation change.- Colonization of unvegetated areas.- Population changes of woody species on abandoned fields.- Sequences in other localities.- The causes of continued changes in woody plant populations.- Physiological ecology of juveniles.- Niches.- Maintenance of mature forest.- Influences of other biota.- Some community properties.- Some conclusions.- 12 Community phenomena in vegetation change.- Older theory on succession to climax.- The orthodox succession to climax theory.- Holism and determinism in succession theory.- Reductionism versus determinism.- Ecosystem nutrient budgets.- Plant community and climax concepts.- Predictability and convergence in succession.- Problems with the climax concept.- The kinetic concept.- Individual plant lifestyles ('strategies').- Causes for sequential replacements.- Community stability.- Mathematical and modelling approaches to community development.- Fluctuations and cycles.- Problems with the succession concept.- 13 On the theory of vegetation change.- Important recent vegetation change literature.- Holism versus reductionism.- Problems with ideas on 'succession to climax'.- Problems with ideas on stability and 'climax'.- 'Kinetic'1 The nature of vegetation and kinds of vegetation change.- Kinds of organisms comprising the vegetation.- Plant populations.- Properties of vegetation.- Vegetation classification and terminology.- The vegetation continuum.- Why study vegetation change?.- Observing vegetation change.- Styles of vegetation change.- 2 Plants and their abiotic environment.- The environmental complex.- Plant variables.- Productivity.- The role of physical and chemical variables.- Master factors.- Factor gradients.- Stress.- Disturbance.- Plants in their environment.- Changes in environments.- 3 Plants and their biotic environment.- Regeneration and plant populations.- Ecophysiological amplitude.- Differences between plant species.- Plant-neighbour relationships.- Plant senescence.- Ecological niches.- Conclusions.- 4 Vegetation development on volcanic ejecta.- Surtsey, Iceland.- Krakatau, Indonesia.- Mount Tarawera, New Zealand.- Mauna Loa and Kilauea, Hawaii, USA.- Some conclusions.- 5 Vegetation development on sand dunes.- The Indiana dunes, Lake Michigan, USA.- The Manawatu dunes, New Zealand.- Some Australian dunes.- Some conclusions.- 6 Vegetation development on glacial deposits.- Glacier Bay, Alaska, USA.- Glacier moraines in other localities in North America.- Direct colonization of moraines by trees.- Franz Josef Glacier, New Zealand.- Suggestions about causes of the vegetation changes.- Some conclusions.- 7 Influences of strong environmental pressures.- Deserts of the warm temperate to subtropic zones.- Grasslands and drought.- Rock outcrops.- Temperate alpine regions.- Subpolar regions - the Arctic tundra.- Protected coasts and estuaries subject to tidal influences.- Other extreme soil conditions.- Grazing.- Fire.- Disturbances in confined areas.- Some conclusions.- 8 Patterns of vegetation change in wetlands.- Lakes.- Mires.- Water conditions.- Peat mire stratigraphy.- Some British and Scandinavian mires.- Mires in the southern Great Lakes region, North America.- Stratigraphic studies of British mires.- Indications of interruptions of mire sequential development.- 'Phasic regeneration cycles' in bogs.- Vegetation change processes in wetlands.- Some conclusions.- 9 Changes in some temperate forests after disturbance.- The mixed forests of eastern North America.- The different scales of disturbance.- Sprouts and regeneration.- Revegetation of abandoned farmland.- Actual records of population changes.- The development of old-growth forest stands.- Some conclusions.- 10 Changes in some tropical forests.- Forest structure and diversity.- Forest species structure.- Maintenance of the diversity of tree species in the vegetation.- Diversity, communities and mature forest.- 11 Processes of vegetation change.- Colonization of unvegetated areas.- Population changes of woody species on abandoned fields.- Sequences in other localities.- The causes of continued changes in woody plant populations.- Physiological ecology of juveniles.- Niches.- Maintenance of mature forest.- Influences of other biota.- Some community properties.- Some conclusions.- 12 Community phenomena in vegetation change.- Older theory on succession to climax.- The orthodox succession to climax theory.- Holism and determinism in succession theory.- Reductionism versus determinism.- Ecosystem nutrient budgets.- Plant community and climax concepts.- Predictability and convergence in succession.- Problems with the climax concept.- The kinetic concept.- Individual plant lifestyles ('strategies').- Causes for sequential replacements.- Community stability.- Mathematical and modelling approaches to community development.- Fluctuations and cycles.- Problems with the succession concept.- 13 On the theory of vegetation change.- Important recent vegetation change literature.- Holism versus reductionism.- Problems with ideas on 'succession to climax'.- Problems with ideas on stability and 'climax'.- 'Kinetic'1 The nature of vegetation and kinds of vegetation change.- Kinds of organisms comprising the vegetation.- Plant populations.- Properties of vegetation.- Vegetation classification and terminology.- The vegetation continuum.- Why study vegetation change?.- Observing vegetation change.- Styles of vegetation change.- 2 Plants and their abiotic environment.- The environmental complex.- Plant variables.- Productivity.- The role of physical and chemical variables.- Master factors.- Factor gradients.- Stress.- Disturbance.- Plants in their environment.- Changes in environments.- 3 Plants and their biotic environment.- Regeneration and plant populations.- Ecophysiological amplitude.- Differences between plant species.- Plant-neighbour relationships.- Plant senescence.- Ecological niches.- Conclusions.- 4 Vegetation development on volcanic ejecta.- Surtsey, Iceland.- Krakatau, Indonesia.- Mount Tarawera, New Zealand.- Mauna Loa and Kilauea, Hawaii, USA.- Some conclusions.- 5 Vegetation development on sand dunes.- The Indiana dunes, Lake Michigan, USA.- The Manawatu dunes, New Zealand.- Some Australian dunes.- Some conclusions.- 6 Vegetation development on glacial deposits.- Glacier Bay, Alaska, USA.- Glacier moraines in other localities in North America.- Direct colonization of moraines by trees.- Franz Josef Glacier, New Zealand.- Suggestions about causes of the vegetation changes.- Some conclusions.- 7 Influences of strong environmental pressures.- Deserts of the warm temperate to subtropic zones.- Grasslands and drought.- Rock outcrops.- Temperate alpine regions.- Subpolar regions - the Arctic tundra.- Protected coasts and estuaries subject to tidal influences.- Other extreme soil conditions.- Grazing.- Fire.- Disturbances in confined areas.- Some conclusions.- 8 Patterns of vegetation change in wetlands.- Lakes.- Mires.- Water conditions.- Peat mire stratigraphy.- Some British and Scandinavian mires.- Mires in the southern Great Lakes region, North America.- Stratigraphic studies of British mires.- Indications of interruptions of mire sequential development.- 'Phasic regeneration cycles' in bogs.- Vegetation change processes in wetlands.- Some conclusions.- 9 Changes in some temperate forests after disturbance.- The mixed forests of eastern North America.- The different scales of disturbance.- Sprouts and regeneration.- Revegetation of abandoned farmland.- Actual records of population changes.- The development of old-growth forest stands.- Some conclusions.- 10 Changes in some tropical forests.- Forest structure and diversity.- Forest species structure.- Maintenance of the diversity of tree species in the vegetation.- Diversity, communities and mature forest.- 11 Processes of vegetation change.- Colonization of unvegetated areas.- Population changes of woody species on abandoned fields.- Sequences in other localities.- The causes of continued changes in woody plant populations.- Physiological ecology of juveniles.- Niches.- Maintenance of mature forest.- Influences of other biota.- Some community properties.- Some conclusions.- 12 Community phenomena in vegetation change.- Older theory on succession to climax.- The orthodox succession to climax theory.- Holism and determinism in succession theory.- Reductionism versus determinism.- Ecosystem nutrient budgets.- Plant community and climax concepts.- Predictability and convergence in succession.- Problems with the climax concept.- The kinetic concept.- Individual plant lifestyles ('strategies').- Causes for sequential replacements.- Community stability.- Mathematical and modelling approaches to community development.- Fluctuations and cycles.- Problems with the succession concept.- 13 On the theory of vegetation change.- Important recent vegetation change literature.- Holism versus reductionism.- Problems with ideas on 'succession to climax'.- Problems with ideas on stability and 'climax'.- 'Kinetic' ideas on vegetation dynamics.- Formulating a theory of vegetation change: the essential problems.- A theory of vegetation change.- New theory in relation to orthodox theory.- Requirements for further research.- The past, present and future of natural vegetation and human relationships with it.- References.
Responsibility: by Colin J. Burrows.

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This is a very readable, straightforward, open-minded account - The Biologist

 
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