RT Book, Whole DB /z-wcorg/ DS http://worldcat.org ID 809765201 LA English T1 Producing Believers, Contesting Islam: Conservative and Liberal Muslim Students in Indonesia. A1 Ibrahim, Nur Amali., Gilsenan, Michael,, Merry, Sally,, Ginsburg, Faye,, Schieffelin, Bambi,, Spyer, Patricia,, YR 2011 SN 9781124808024 1124808027 AB In Indonesia--the world's largest Muslim-majority country and third largest secular democracy--fierce ideological battles are taking place between two groups of Muslims seeking hegemony in the nation. The first group, the conservative Muslims, believes that Islam offers the best moral solution for today's wayward world, and that Islam should be made the basis of law, politics, and economics in the nation. Right-wing conservatives argue that Indonesia's secular democracy should be abolished in favor of the Islamic state, whereas moderate conservatives are less keen on this complete political overhaul, advocating instead for the nation's secular democracy to be infused with more Islamic values. Their rivals, the liberal Muslims, are worried that Islamic conservatism will lead to religious intolerance and political persecution in the name of religion. To ensure that all Indonesians enjoy freedom of religious expressions, liberals argue that Islam must stay out of politics. In their eyes, Indonesia cannot be anything other than a secular democracy. Since the Indonesian secular democracy is relatively nascent (having recently celebrated its tenth anniversary), liberals fear that the conservative agenda would reverse this progress by reintroducing undemocratic politics back into the nation. Located within this volatile religious and political scene, my ethnographic research examines the processes through which university students are socialized as Muslims and political actors. I focus on university students because they have long made crucial political interventions in Indonesia and are perceived by both conservative and liberal Islam movements as crucial sources of mass support. Living in a society with multiple religious ideologies, how do young Indonesians become conservatives, liberals, and believers? If for all Muslims the starting point for learning about Islam is their shared religious tradition--by this I am referring to the Quran, Hadith, and authoritative jurisprudential texts--what are the pedagogical processes and modes of textual interpretation involved in the transformation of persons into conservatives or liberals? In a context where religious and political authority lie in the hands of older people, why do students participate in public debates about religion and politics? How do these debates impact the contemporary Indonesian secular democracy?