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Production-integrated environmental protection and waste management in the chemical industry

Author: Claus Christ
Publisher: Weinheim, Federal Republic of Germany ; New York : Wiley-VCH, 1999.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 1st edView all editions and formats
Summary:
No chemical process exists that produces only the product desired. Therefore, it is an important aim of the chemical industry to reduce the environmental effects of waste products. Claus Christ looks at the methods used to achieve this.
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Production-integrated environmental protection and waste management in the chemical industry.
Weinheim, Federal Republic of Germany ; New York : Wiley-VCH, 1999
(OCoLC)604202631
Online version:
Production-integrated environmental protection and waste management in the chemical industry.
Weinheim, Federal Republic of Germany ; New York : Wiley-VCH, 1999
(OCoLC)607262372
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Claus Christ
ISBN: 3527288546 9783527288540
OCLC Number: 43632920
Description: xii, 199 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents: 2. Production-Integrated Environmental Protection in the Chemical Industry 5 --
2.1. Chemical Industry and Sustainable Development 5 --
2.2. Formation of Residues in Chemical Processes 6 --
2.3. Environmental Concepts in the Chemical Industry 9 --
2.3.1. Review of the Environmental Concepts 9 --
2.3.2. The Concept of Integrated Environmental Protection 10 --
2.3.3. Environmental Protection in Research and Development 11 --
2.3.4. Integrated and Additive Concepts of Environmental Protection 12 --
2.3.5. Comparison of Integrated and Additive Environmental Protection 15 --
2.3.6. Methods of material flow and cost management 21 --
2.4. Limitations of Production-Integrated Environmental Protection 27 --
2.4.1. Technical Limitations 28 --
2.4.2. Economic Limitations 29 --
2.5. Effect of Production-Integrated Environmental Protection 29 --
2.6. Costs of Integrated Measures 31 --
3. Examples of Production-Integrated Environmental Protection in the Chemical Industry 33 --
3.2.1. Examples from Hoechst 34 --
3.2.1.1. Recovery and Utilization of Residues in the Production of Viscose Staple Fiber 34 --
3.2.1.2. Recovery of Methanol and Acetic Acid in Poly (Vinyl Alcohol) Production 40 --
3.2.1.3. Acetylation without Contamination of Wastewater 40 --
3.2.1.4. Reutilization Plant for Organohalogen Compounds 41 --
3.2.1.5. Vacuum Technology for Closed Production Cycles 45 --
3.2.1.6. Utilization of Exhaust Gases and Liquid Residues of Chlorination Processes for Production of Clean Hydrochloric Acid Hydrochloric Acid Hydrochloric Acid Hydroc 47 --
3.2.1.7. Production of Neopentyl Glycol: Higher Yield by Internal Recycling 50 --
3.2.1.8. Optimization of Ester Waxoil Production and Recovery of Auxiliary Products 51 --
3.2.1.9. Biochemical Production of 7-Aminocephalosporanic Acid 53 --
3.2.1.10. Production of 56 --
3.2.1.11. Production of Theobromine 57 --
3.2.1.12. Recovery of Organic Solvents 59 --
3.2.2. Examples from Bayer 67 --
3.2.2.1. Avoidance of Wastewater and Residues in the Production of H Acid (1-Amino-8-hydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulfonic acid) 67 --
3.2.2.2. High-Yield Production of Alkane-sulfonates by Means of Membrane Technology 71 --
3.2.2.3. Selective Chlorination of Toluene in the 73 --
3.2.2.4. Production of Naphthalenedisulfonic Acid with Closed Recycling of Auxiliaries 75 --
3.2.2.5. Avoiding Residues in Dye Production by Using Membrane Processes 80 --
3.2.2.6. Fuel Replacement in Sewage Sludge Combustion by Utilization of Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Side Products 81 --
3.2.3. Examples from BASF 84 --
3.2.3.1. Emission Reduction in Industrial Power Plants at Chemical Plant Sites by Means of Optimized Cogeneration 84 --
3.2.3.2. Closed-Cycle Wittig Reaction 90 --
3.2.4. Integrated Environmental Protection and Energy Saving in the Production of Vinyl Chloride (Example from Wacker Chemie) 93 --
3.2.5. Examples from Huls 104 --
3.2.5.1. Integrated Environmental Protection in Cumene Production 104 --
3.2.5.2. Production of Acetylene by the Huls Plasma Arc Process 107 --
3.2.6. Low-Residue Process for Titanium Dioxide Production (Example from Kronos International) 111 --
3.2.7. Reduction of Waste Production and Energy Consumption in the Production of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (Example from Henkel) 115 --
3.2.8. Integrated Environmental Protection in the Production of Vitamins (Example from F. Hoffmann-La Roche) 122 --
3.2.9. Production of Pure Naphthalene without Residues --
Replacement of Chemical Purification by Optimized Multiple Crystallization (Example from 128 --
3.2.10. Improvements in the Polypropylene Production Process (Example from Shell) 132 --
3.2.11. The Zero-Residue Refinery Using the Shell Gasification Process (Shell-Lurgi Example) 135 --
3.2.12. Neutral Salt Splitting with the Use of Hydrogen Depolarized Anodes (Hydrina Technology, Example from De Nora Permelec) 142 --
3.2.13. Ultrapure Isopropanol Purification and Recycling System (Example from Mitsubishi Chemical) 151 --
3.2.14. Examples from Boehringer Mannheim 156 --
3.2.14.1. Biocatalytic Splitting of Penicillin 156 --
3.2.14.2. Production of Diagnostic Reagents by Means of Genetic Engineering: Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase and 158 --
4. Waste Management in the Chemical Industry 163 --
4.2. Chemical Industry Wastes 163 --
4.3. Waste-Management Concepts 164 --
4.3.1. Residues and Wastes from Production 164 --
4.3.2. Production-Oriented Management 165 --
4.3.3. Product-Oriented Management 166 --
4.4. Disposal Measures 167 --
4.4.1. Logistics 167 --
4.4.2. Waste Combustion 168 --
4.4.3. Landfill Disposal of Wastes 173 --
4.4.4. Asbestos Disposal 174 --
4.5. Utilization of Product Wastes 174 --
4.5.1. Plastics Recycling 174 --
4.5.2. Refrigerant Recycling 176 --
4.5.3. Recycling of Used Packaging Materials 177 --
4.5.4. Paint Recycling 178 --
4.6. Results of Waste Management 178.
Responsibility: Claus Christ, editor.
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Abstract:

No chemical process exists that produces only the product desired. Therefore, it is an important aim of the chemical industry to reduce the environmental effects of waste products. Claus Christ looks at the methods used to achieve this.

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