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The psychiatric interview for differential diagnosis

Author: Lennart Jansson; Julie Nordgaard
Publisher: Switzerland : Springer, 2016.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
There is a broadening international consensus that the level of psychiatric clinical knowledge and skills has declined alarmingly, to the point of threatening psychiatry?s survival as an academic medical discipline. This is a consequence of the complete educational domination by the operational diagnostic manuals and manuals for structured interviewing, which are too often viewed as the only sources of theoretical  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Lennart Jansson; Julie Nordgaard
ISBN: 9783319332499 331933249X 3319332473 9783319332475
OCLC Number: 953834133
Description: 1 online resource (xii, 270 pages) : 2 color illustrations
Contents: Foreword; References; Contents; 1: Introduction; References; Part I: The Diagnostic Interview; 2: Validity and Reliability; 2.1 The Concept of Validity; 2.1.1 Validity of Allocating Psychiatric Diagnoses; 2.2 The Concept of Reliability; 2.2.1 Reliability of the Diagnostic Systems; References; 3: The Psychiatric Interview: Theoretical Aspects; 3.1 Typification; 3.2 The Gestalt; 3.3 Cartesian Dualism: The Inner and Outer; 3.4 Experiences and Expressions: Consciousness; 3.5 The Phenomenological Approach; References; 4: The Psychiatric Interview: Methodological and Practical Aspects 4.1 The Fully Structured Interview4.2 The Unstructured Interview; 4.3 The Semi-structured Interview; 4.4 Structured Versus Semi-structured Interview; 4.5 Rapport and the Interviewer; 4.6 How to Conduct the Psychodiagnostic Interview; 4.7 Different Settings; 4.8 Difficult Interviews; 4.8.1 The Suspicious, Guarded Patient; 4.8.2 The Withdrawn, Psychotic Patient; 4.8.3 The Threatening, Aggressive Patient; 4.8.4 The Severely Exalted Patient; 4.8.5 The Suicidal Patient; References; 5: Mental State Examination: Signs; 5.1 Appearance and Behavior; 5.2 Motor Function; 5.2.1 Catatonia 5.2.2 Compulsions/Pseudocompulsions5.2.3 Extrapyramidal Side Effects of Antipsychotic Medication; 5.3 Eye Contact and Gaze; 5.4 Rapport; 5.5 Mood; 5.6 Affects; 5.7 Speech and Language; 5.7.1 Formal Thought Disorders; 5.7.1.1 Disorganization; Semantic Disturbances; Autistic Logic; Other Formal Thought Disorders; 5.8 Cognition; 5.9 Self-Harm and Suicidal Behavior; References; Part II: The Diagnostic Spectra; 6: Navigating Between the Spectra: Organic Disorders, Schizophrenia, Affective Disorders, Personality Disorders, and Situational Problems 6.1 The Process of Differential Diagnosis6.1.1 The Prototypical Approach; 6.1.2 The Operational Approach; 6.2 Diagnostic Spectra; 6.3 The Specificity of Psychopathology; 6.4 Existential Patterns; 6.5 Diagnostic Overlaps and Comorbidity; 6.6 The Borders of Normality; 6.7 Diagnostic Slippage and Neglect; References ; 7: Considering Organic Pathology; 7.1 General Aspects of Organic Psychopathology; 7.2 The Psychiatric Expressivity of Organic Brain Disease; 7.3 Organic States Hard to Recognize; 7.4 Organic States Mimicking Functional Mental Illness 7.4.1 Organic (Secondary) Psychosis7.4.2 Organic Paranoid and Schizophrenia-Like Psychosis; 7.4.3 Organic Mood Disorders; 7.4.4 Organic Anxiety and Obsessive-Compulsive Phenomena; 7.4.5 Organic Personality Change; 7.5 Mental Illness Mimicking Organic States; 7.5.1 Pseudodementia; 7.5.2 Pseudodelirium; 7.5.3 Functional Neurological Disorders; 7.5.4 Factitious Disorder and Malingering; Literature; 8: Indicators of Psychosis; 8.1 Psychosis; 8.2 The Diagnostic Criteria of Schizophrenia; 8.3 The Clinical Core Gestalt of Schizophrenia; 8.4 Near-Psychotic Phenomena
Responsibility: Lennart Jansson, Julie Nordgaard.

Abstract:

There is a broadening international consensus that the level of psychiatric clinical knowledge and skills has declined alarmingly, to the point of threatening psychiatry?s survival as an academic medical discipline. This is a consequence of the complete educational domination by the operational diagnostic manuals and manuals for structured interviewing, which are too often viewed as the only sources of theoretical and clinical knowledge. The purpose of this book is to offer an alternative: to provide an exposition of psychiatric interviewing that is theoretically and clinically well founded and to supply the reader with a coherent framework for performance of a thorough psychiatric examination. The goal is not to come up with yet another interview scheme but to facilitate an understanding of the basic (but, today, completely neglected) tenets of psychopathology and phenomenology. This exposition targets the disorders of subjectivity (consciousness), the second-person processes involved in converting subjective, first-person and observable data into a third person, diagnostically useful, format. In addition, the most pertinent clinical descriptions concerning the major diagnostic groups are presented and discussed.
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