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Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience : a Primer.

Author: Charles Zorumski; Eugene Rubin
Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, ©2011.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Research in neuroscience is revolutionizing how we think about psychiatric diagnosis and treatment. Psychiatric disorders reflect dysfunction of the human mind and involve changes in cognition, emotion, and motivation. Understanding how the neural networks that underlie these mental functions become dysfunctional holds great promise for devising innovative approaches to diagnosis and treatment. Scientific progress  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Zorumski, Charles.
Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience : A Primer.
Oxford : Oxford University Press, USA, ©2011
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Charles Zorumski; Eugene Rubin
ISBN: 0199768765 9780199768769 9780199877607 0199877602
OCLC Number: 990672587
Language Note: English.
Notes: Can Defects in Connectivity Be Corrected? Potential Therapeutic Targets.
Description: 1 online resource (322 pages)
Contents: Cover; Contents; 1. Psychopathology 101; Mental Status Examination; The Nature of Psychiatric Symptoms: Insights from Behavioral Neurology; Cognitive Symptoms: Psychotic and Non-Psychotic Thinking; Disturbances in the Form of Thought; Disturbances in Emotions; Disturbances in Motivation: The Role of Salience and Personality; Disturbances in Memory; Points to Remember; 2. Depression and Dementia: An Introduction to Systems Neuroscience and Psychiatry; Some Basic Concepts about Systems Neuroscience and Psychiatry; Depression; Dementias; Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type. Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal DementiaPoints to Remember; 3. Systems Neuroscience and Psychiatry: Basic Principles; The Brain Is Complex but Not Hopeless; Network Theory and Brain Systems; Organization of the Brain; "Big Picture" Principles of Brain Function; Basic Principles of ICNs; Points to Remember; 4. Brain Networks and the Human Mind; Cognition (Thinking); Working Memory and Prefrontal Cortex; How Does the Brain Select Thought Content?; PFC Does More than Working Memory; PFC and Neuropsychiatric Disorders; Perception Is Cognitively Complex; Lateralized Brain Function and Cognition. Intelligence and Cognitive FlexibilityEmotions: Computing Values and Meaning; What Values, What Meaning?; How Are Emotions Processed?; Other Emotions and Other Brain Regions; What Triggers Emotional Responses in the Brain?; Motivation: The Importance of Having Goals; How Does Motivation Work?; What Determines Our Expectations?; Summary: A Simplified Overview of Brain Systems and Mind; Points to Remember; 5. Psychiatric Disorders and Brain Networks; Psychiatric Disorders and Defects in Mental Error Correction; Why Do Individuals with Psychiatric Disorders Fail to Correct Mental Errors? Rethinking Psychiatric Classification and EndophenotypesWhat Do We Know about ICNs and Psychiatric Disorders?; Cognitive Disorders: Psychosis; Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Cognitive or Emotional Disorder?; Anxiety Disorders as Primary Emotional Disorders; Emotional Disorders: Primary Major Depression; Motivational Disorders: Substance Abuse; Other Abused Drugs: Hallucinogens; Summary: Recurring Themes; Points to Remember; 6. The Hippocampus: Synapses, Circuits, and Networks; Why Is the Hippocampus Important?; What Is the Hippocampus?; How Does Information Flow Within the Hippocampal System? What Do Hippocampal Subregions Do?Synaptic Plasticity: How the Hippocampus Learns; The Hippocampus Does Not Act Alone; Sleep and the Hippocampus; Neurogenesis (New Neurons) and the Hippocampus; Information Flow: A Reprise; Points to Remember; 7. Network Dysfunction: Stress, Psychiatric Disorders, and the Hippocampus; Psychiatric Disorders and Structural Changes in the Hippocampus; Causes of Hippocampal Changes in Psychiatric Illnesses; The Stressed Hippocampus: Lessons from Animal Models; Recent Human Studies in Mood and Psychotic Disorders.

Abstract:

Advances in functional neuroimaging and cellular neuroscience offer hope of revolutionizing the approach to diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses. This book presents an introduction to network  Read more...

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