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Putting fear of crime on the map : investigating perceptions of crime using geographic information systems

Author: Bruce J Doran; Melissa B Burgess
Publisher: New York : Springer, ©2012.
Series: Springer series on evidence-based crime policy.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The impact of crime on society is well-known and well-documented. But fear of crime also takes a major toll, affecting individual mobility, neighborhood cohesion, and local economies, and is an increasingly important topic in criminology and other disciplines. In recent years, Geographic Information Systems technology has brought needed spatial dimensions to research into fear of crime. Putting Fear of Crime on the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Geographic information systems
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Bruce J Doran; Melissa B Burgess
ISBN: 9781441956460 1441956468 9781441956477 1441956476 1461429854 9781461429852
OCLC Number: 733239526
Description: xvii, 283 pages : color illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Contents: Chapter 1: Introduction --
Chapter 2: Why is fear of crime a serious social problem? --
Chapter 3: What causes fear of crime?.--
Chapter 4: Managing fear of crime --
Chapter 5: Investigating the fear of crime --
Chapter 6: The Wollongong Study --
Chapter 7: The Kings Cross Study --
Chapter 8: Future avenues for fear mapping: potential applications and improvements. Review: Social Studies Emphasize the Inherent Complexity of `Fear' of `Crime' --
Environmental Theories Explaining Fear of Crime --
The Disorder/Incivilities Hypothesis --
Threatening and Safe Environments Theories --
Signal Crimes Perspective --
Review: Intuitive Environmental Studies into Cues Triggering Fear of Crime --
Chapter Review: An Opening for Pertinent Environmental Studies --
References --
4. Managing Fear of Crime --
Policing Fear of Crime --
Case Study: The New York Police Department's (NYPD) Policing Model --
Environmental Design and Fear of Crime --
Chapter Review: Police, Community and Government Cooperation --
References --
5. Investigating Fear of Crime --
Defining Fear of Crime --
Fear Is an Emotion, Not Cognition --
Fear in Relation to Other Emotional Reactions and Stimuli that Trigger Fear --
Crime Involves a Violation of Criminal Law --
Types of Fear of Crime: Personal and Altruistic Points of View. Contents note continued: Review: Key Issues to Consider When Defining Fear of Crime --
Measuring Fear of Crime --
Problems with Cognitive Approaches to Measuring Fear of Crime --
Improvements Through Affective Approaches to Measuring Fear of Crime --
Behavioural Approaches to Measuring Fear of Crime --
Review: A Preference for Avoidance-Based Measures in Fear-of-Crime Studies --
Analysing Fear-of-Crime Data --
Advantages of Spatial Analyses of Fear of Crime --
Spatial Cognition and Cognitive Mapping --
The Beginning of Fear Mapping --
Activity Diaries and Daily Routines --
Geographic Information Systems and Fear of Crime --
Chapter Review: A New Direction with Avoidance Mapping --
References --
6. The Wollongong Study --
The Goals of the Wollongong Study --
Research Setting --
Logic Behind Study Site Selection --
The Central Business District of Wollongong --
Crime and Fear of Crime in Wollongong --
Methods --
Results --
Discussion of Spatial Outputs. Contents note continued: Integrating the Key Spatiotemporal Findings with Police and Community Initiatives in Wollongong: The Degree of Institutional Involvement --
Assessments of Techniques and Approaches Developed in Wollongong Study --
References --
7. The Kings Cross Study --
Background to the Kings Cross Study --
Goals of the Kings Cross Study --
Research Setting --
Geographic Location --
Historical Background --
Demographic Characteristics --
Crime --
Fear of Crime --
Methods --
Interviewing Approach --
Survey Design and Questions --
Spatial Data Visualization --
Results and Discussion --
Sample Characteristics --
People Are Afraid of Crime in Kings Cross --
People Avoid Specific Areas of Kings Cross Due to Fear of Crime --
Exploring the Underlying Reasons for Fear of Crime --
Integrating the Fear Mapping Results with Policy and Community Crime and Fear-of-Crime Prevention --
Addressing Crime --
Targeting Pertinent Signs of Disorder and Incivility. Contents note continued: Assessments of Techniques and Approaches Developed in the Kings Cross Study --
General Summary of the Kings Cross Study --
References --
8. Future Avenues for Fear Mapping: Potential Applications and Improvements has Collective Avoidance Behaviour Changed in Wollongong and Kings Cross? --
Investigating Behavioural Responses in Relation to Different Types of Crime --
Further Avenues for Investigating Links Between Fear, Crime and Disorder --
Broken Windows Theory in the Transit Context --
Fear Mapping and Advances in Spatial Technology --
References.
Series Title: Springer series on evidence-based crime policy.
Responsibility: Bruce J. Doran, Melissa B. Burgess.
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Abstract:

This volume reports on research conducted over the past eight years, in which efforts have been made to pioneer the combination of techniques from behavioural geography with Geographic Information  Read more...

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    schema:description "The impact of crime on society is well-known and well-documented. But fear of crime also takes a major toll, affecting individual mobility, neighborhood cohesion, and local economies, and is an increasingly important topic in criminology and other disciplines. In recent years, Geographic Information Systems technology has brought needed spatial dimensions to research into fear of crime. Putting Fear of Crime on the Map reviews these efforts, chronicling the evolution of both research and technology. Fear of crime is defined as a complex system of avoidance behaviors that paradoxically helps create conditions favorable to crime, and the authors summarize approaches used in understanding the problem. In later chapters, data from two landmark studies examine new ways of conceptualizing and addressing fear of crime offered by GIS technology, and the authors present innovative GIS-based methods for reducing fear of crime, as well as in monitoring the effectiveness of law enforcement and community initiatives. Key features of the book: · Historical and current trends in fear of crime research. · Analysis of fear of crime is a serious analytical and social problem. · Social/environmental theories explaining fear of crime. · Technical breakdown of Geographic Information Systems techniques used to map fear of crime. · Findings from eight years of studies of fear of crime using GIS technology. · Potential applications for fear mapping, and emerging areas for fear of crime research. Putting Fear of Crime on the Map is a unique source of information for graduate and postgraduate researchers in criminology, and policy makers."@en ;
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