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QED and the men who made it : Dyson, Feynman, Schwinger, and Tomonaga

Author: S S Schweber
Publisher: Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, ©1994.
Series: Princeton series in physics.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"In the 1930s, physics was in a crisis. There appeared to be no way to reconcile the new theory of quantum mechanics with Einstein's theory of relativity. In the post-World War II period, four eminent physicists rose to the challenge and developed a calculable version of quantum electrodynamics (QED). This formulation of QED was pioneered by Freeman Dyson, Richard Feynman, Julian Schwinger, and Sin-Itiro Tomonaga,  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Biography
History
Biographies
Named Person: Julian Schwinger; Freeman J Dyson; Richard Phillips Feynman; Shinʼichirō Tomonaga; Freeman J Dyson; Richard P Feynman; Julian Schwinger
Material Type: Biography, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: S S Schweber
ISBN: 0691036853 9780691036854 0691033277 9780691033273
OCLC Number: 28966591
Description: xxviii, 732 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
Contents: Machine derived contents note: Table of contents for QED and the men who made it : Dyson, Feynman, Schwinger, and Tomonaga / Silvan S. Schweber. --
Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog --
Information from electronic data provided by the publisher. May be incomplete or contain other coding. --
Preface xi --
Acknowledgments xvi --
Introduction xxi --
1. The Birth of Quantum Field Theory 1 --
1.1 Introduction 1 --
1.2 Pascual Jordan 5 --
1.3 P.A.M. Dirac and the Birth of Quantum Electrodynamics 11 --
1.4 Jordan and the Quantization of Matter Waves 33 --
1.5 Heisenberg and Pauli: The Quantum Theory of Wave Fields 39 --
1.6 Hole Theory 56 --
1.7 Postscript: Dirac and Scientific Creativity 70 --
1.8 Fermi and the Regaining of Anschaulischkeit 72 --
2. The 1930s 76 --
2.1 Introduction 76 --
2.2 QED during the 1930s 76 --
2.3 The Warsaw Conference of 1939 93 --
2.4 The Washington Conference of 1941 104 --
2.5 The Divergences 108 --
3. The War and Its Aftermath 130 --
3.1 Introduction 130 --
3.2 The Community in 1941 132 --
3.3 The MIT Radiation Laboratory 136 --
3.4 Training a New Generation of Physicists: Norman Kroll 141 --
3.5 The Universities: 1945-1947 144 --
3.6 The Conferences 146 --
3.7 Physics in 1946 152 --
4. Three Conferences: Shelter Island, Pocono, and Oldstone 156 --
4.1 Introduction 156 --
4.2 The Genesis of the Conferences 157 --
4.3 The Scientific Content of the Conference 179 --
4.4 The Later Developments 194 --
4.5 Conclusion 205 --
5. The Lamb Shift and the Magnetic Moment of the Electron 206 --
5.1 Introduction 206 --
5.2 The Experimental Situation during the 1930s 208 --
5.3 Willis Lamb 212 --
5.4 The Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Electron 219 --
5.5 The Magnetic Resonance Experiments 223 --
5.6 Bethe's Calculation 228 --
5.7 Relativistic Lamb Shift Calculations: 1947-1948 232 --
5.8 The French and Weisskopf Calculation 237 --
5.9 Radiative Correction to Scattering 245 --
6. Tomonaga and the Rebuilding of Japanese Physics 248 --
6.1 Introduction 248 --
6.2 Theoretical Physics in Japan 249 --
6.3 Tomonaga 252 --
6.4 The War Years 260 --
6.5 The Postwar Years 265 --
7. Julian Schwinger and the Formalization of Quantum Field Theory 273 --
7.1 Introduction 273 --
7.2 The Young Schwinger 275 --
7.3 The War Years 293 --
7.4 Shelter Island and Its Aftermath 303 --
7.5 The APS Meeting and the Pocono Conference 318 --
7.6 The Michigan Summer School 335 --
7.7 The Charles L. Mayer Nature of Light Award 340 --
7.8 Wentzel's and Pauli's Criticism 345 --
7.9 The Quantum Action Principle 352 --
7.10 Philosophical Outlook 355 --
7.11 Epilogue 367 --
8. Richard Feynman and the Visualization of Space-Time Processes 373 --
8.1 Background 373 --
8.2 Undergraduate Days: MIT 374 --
8.3 Graduate Days: Princeton 380 --
8.4 Ph.D. Dissertation 389 --
8.5 The War Years 397 --
8.6 Research, 1946 405 --
8.7 Shelter Island and Its Aftermath 411 --
8.8 The Genesis of the Theory 414 --
8.9 Renormalization 434 --
8.10 The Pocono Conference: March 30-April 1, 1948 436 --
8.11 Vacuum Polarization 445 --
8.12 Evaluating Integrals 452 --
8.13 The January 1949 American Physical Society Meeting 454 --
8.14 Retrospective 457 --
8.15 Style, Visualization, and All That 462 --
8.16 A Postscript: Schwinger and Feynman 467 --
9. Freeman Dyson and the Structure of Quantum Field Theory 474 --
9.1 Family Background 474 --
9.2 Early Education: Twyford and Winchester 476 --
9.3 Cambridge, 1941-1943 482 --
9.4 Bomber Command 488 --
9.5 Imperial College and Cambridge University 490 --
9.6 Cornell University 493 --
9.7 The Michigan Symposium, Summer 1948 502 --
9.8 Princeton: The Institute for Advanced Study 505 --
9.9 The "Radiation Theories" Paper 508 --
9.10 The Institute for Advanced Study: Oppenheimer 518 --
9.11 The S-Matrix in QED 527 --
9.12 The S-Matrix Paper: Retrospective 544 --
9.13 The S-Matrix Paper: Aftermath 549 --
9.14 Oldstone 552 --
9.15 Return to Europe 554 --
9.16 Heisenberg Operators 556 --
9.17 Divergence of Perturbative Series 564 --
9.18 Closure 566 --
9.19 Philosophy 567 --
9.20 Style 569 --
9.21 Epilogue 571 --
9.22 A Postscript: Tomonaga, Schwinger, Feynman, and Dyson 572 --
10. QED in Switzerland 576 --
10.1 Field Theory in Switzerland: Stueckelberg 576 --
10.2 Quantum Field Theory in Zurich: Pauli's Seminar, 1947-1950 582 --
Epilogue: Some Reflections on Renormalization Theory 595 --
Notes and Abbreviations 606 --
Bibliography 672 --
Index 725 --
Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Quantum electrodynamics History, Physicists Biography.
Series Title: Princeton series in physics.
Responsibility: Silvan S. Schweber.
More information:

Abstract:

In the 1930s, physics was in a crisis. In the post-World War II period, four eminent physicists rose to the challenge and developed a calculable version of Quantum Electrodynamics (QED). This book  Read more...

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"A remarkable and exciting book... Schweber brings to his efforts the tools of the professional historian ... and the tools of a professional physicist who has himself worked on QED, a field as Read more...

 
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