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Quantitative ecotoxicology

Author: Michael C Newman
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL : Taylor & Francis, 2012.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edView all editions and formats
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"This book provides a quantitative treatment of the science of ecotoxicology. The first chapters consider fundamental concepts and definitions essential to understanding the fate and effects of toxicants at various levels of ecological organization as covered in the remaining chapters. Scientific ecotoxicology and associated topics are defined. The historical perspective, rationale, and characteristics are outlined  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Michael C Newman
ISBN: 9781439835647 1439835640
OCLC Number: 462926155
Description: xxi, 570 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Contents: IntroductionEcotoxicology as a Scientific DisciplineToxicants and BiosphereToxicant Effects in EcosystemsToxicant Fate in EcosystemsOrganization of Knowledge Based on Explanatory PrinciplesBayesian InferenceToward Strongest Possible Inference and Clear Ecological RelevanceReferencesThe Measurement ProcessGeneralRegions of QuantitationBlank CorrectionAccuracy and PrecisionVariance StructureSample SizeOutliersSummaryReferencesBioaccumulationGeneralModeling Bioaccumulation: General ApproachModeling Bioaccumulation: Alternative ApproachesIntrinsic Factors Affecting BioaccumulationSummaryReferencesLethal and Other Quantal Responses to StressGeneralDose-Response at a Set EndpointTime to DeathQuantifying the Effects of Extrinsic FactorsQuantifying Effects of Intrinsic FactorsToxicant MixturesSummaryReferencesStatistical Tests for Detection of Chronic Lethal and Sublethal StressGeneralMethod SelectionOne-Way Analysis of VarianceTest of Normality: Shapiro-Wilk's TestTest for Homogeneity of Variances: Bartlett's TestTreatment Means Compared to the Control MeanMonotonic Trend: Williams's TestSteel's Multiple Treatment-Control Rank Sum TestWilcoxon Rank Sum Test with Bonferroni's AdjustmentA Second Look at Statistical TestingInferring Biological Significance from Statistical SignificanceSummaryReferencesPopulation and Metapopulation EffectsGeneralEpidemiologyPopulation SizeDemographySpatial Distribution of IndividualsPopulation GeneticsSummaryReferencesCommunity EffectsGeneralSimple Species InteractionsCommunity Structure and FunctionComposite IndicesMetacommunitiesTrophic ExchangeSummaryReferencesSummaryApplicationFacilitating Growth of the ScienceReferencesAppendicesAppendix 1: Factors for Estimating Standard Deviation and Control Limits for RangeAppendix 2: One-Sample Tolerance Probability Comparisons between nm* and nmAppendix 3: Critical Values of T Used to Test for Single Outliers (One-Sided Test)Appendix 4: Critical Values for Used to Test for Multiple Outliers ( = 0.05)Appendix 5: Response Metameters for Proportion AffectedAppendix 6: Maximum Likelihood Values for Dixon's Up-and-Down MethodAppendix 7: E Values Used to Estimate 95% Confidence Intervals for LT50 with theLitchfield MethodAppendix 8: Coefficients (an-i+1) for Shapiro-Wilk's Test for NormalityAppendix 9: Percentage Points of Shapiro-Wilk's W Test for NormalityAppendix 10: Dunnett's t for One-Sided Comparisons between p Treatment Means and a Control for = 0.05Appendix 11: Dunnett's t for Two-Sided Comparisons between p Treatment Means and a Control for = 0.05Appendix 12: Bonferroni's Adjusted t Values for One-Sided Test and = 0.01Appendix 13: Bonferroni's Adjusted t Values for One-Sided Test and = 0.05Appendix 14: Bonferroni's Adjusted t Values for Two-Sided Test and = 0.01Appendix 15: Bonferroni's Adjusted t Values for Two-Sided Test and = 0.05Appendix 16: Dunn-Sidak's t for Comparisons between p Treatment Means and a Control for = 0.01, 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20 (One-Sided Test)Appendix 17: Dunn-Sidak's t for Comparisons between p Treatment Means and a Control for = 0.01, 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20 (Two-Sided Test)Appendix 18: Williams's ti, for w = 1 and Extrapolation sst (Superscript) for a One-Sided Test and = 0.01Appendix 19: Williams's ti, for w = 1 and Extrapolation sst (Superscript) for a One-Sided Test and = 0.05Appendix 20: Williams's ti, for w = 1 and Extrapolation sst (Superscript) for a Two-Sided Test and = 0.01Appendix 21: Williams's ti, for w = 1 and Extrapolation sst (Superscript) for a Two-Sided Test and = 0.05Appendix 22: Significant Values of Steel's Rank Sums for a One-Sided Test with = 0.05 or 0.01Appendix 23: Significant Values of Steel's Rank Sums for a Two-Sided Test with = 0.05 or 0.01Appendix 24: Wilcoxon (Mann-Whitney) Rank-Sum Test Critical Values with Bonferroni's Adjustments: One-Sided Test and = 0.05Appendix 25: Wilcoxon Rank-Sum Test Critical Values with Bonferroni's Adjustments: Two-Sided Test and = 0.05Appendix 26: SAS Code for Implementing the Jonckheere-Terpstra TestAppendix 27: Balancing , ss, and Effect Size (ES)Appendix 28: Basic Matrix MethodsAppendix 29: Values of Used for Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Mean and Standard Deviation of Truncated DataIndex
Responsibility: Michael C. Newman.

Abstract:

"This book provides a quantitative treatment of the science of ecotoxicology. The first chapters consider fundamental concepts and definitions essential to understanding the fate and effects of toxicants at various levels of ecological organization as covered in the remaining chapters. Scientific ecotoxicology and associated topics are defined. The historical perspective, rationale, and characteristics are outlined for the strong inferential and quantitative approach advocated in this book. The general measurement process is discussed, and methodologies for defining and controlling variance, which could otherwise exclude valid conclusions regarding ecotoxicological endeavors, are considered. Ecotoxicological concepts at increasing levels of ecological organization are discussed in the second part of the book. Quantitative methods used to measure toxicant effects are outlined in this section. The final chapter summarizes the book with a brief discussion of ecotoxicological assessment. Numerous figures and tables accompany text, with many statistical tables found in the appendix for quick reference. Although the book primarily focuses on aquatic systems, with appropriate modification the concepts and methods can be applied to terrestrial systems"--

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"...without a doubt a book that all aspiring and practicing ecotoxicologists should read and re-read time and time again. With each reading, as the reader learns more, new insights will be gained Read more...

 
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