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Quantitative ecotoxicology

Author: Michael C Newman
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL : Taylor & Francis, 2012.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"This book provides a quantitative treatment of the science of ecotoxicology. The first chapters consider fundamental concepts and definitions essential to understanding the fate and effects of toxicants at various levels of ecological organization as covered in the remaining chapters. Scientific ecotoxicology and associated topics are defined. The historical perspective, rationale, and characteristics are outlined  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Michael C Newman
ISBN: 9781439835647 1439835640
OCLC Number: 462926155
Description: xxi, 570 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Contents: Introduction Ecotoxicology as a Scientific Discipline Toxicants and Biosphere Toxicant Effects in Ecosystems Toxicant Fate in Ecosystems Organization of Knowledge Based on Explanatory Principles Bayesian Inference Toward Strongest Possible Inference and Clear Ecological Relevance References The Measurement Process General Regions of Quantitation Blank Correction Accuracy and Precision Variance Structure Sample Size Outliers Summary References Bioaccumulation General Modeling Bioaccumulation: General Approach Modeling Bioaccumulation: Alternative Approaches Intrinsic Factors Affecting Bioaccumulation Summary References Lethal and Other Quantal Responses to Stress General Dose-Response at a Set Endpoint Time to Death Quantifying the Effects of Extrinsic Factors Quantifying Effects of Intrinsic Factors Toxicant Mixtures Summary References Statistical Tests for Detection of Chronic Lethal and Sublethal Stress General Method Selection One-Way Analysis of Variance Test of Normality: Shapiro-Wilk's Test Test for Homogeneity of Variances: Bartlett's Test Treatment Means Compared to the Control Mean Monotonic Trend: Williams's Test Steel's Multiple Treatment-Control Rank Sum Test Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test with Bonferroni's Adjustment A Second Look at Statistical Testing Inferring Biological Significance from Statistical Significance Summary References Population and Metapopulation Effects General Epidemiology Population Size Demography Spatial Distribution of Individuals Population Genetics Summary References Community Effects General Simple Species Interactions Community Structure and Function Composite Indices Metacommunities Trophic Exchange Summary References Summary Application Facilitating Growth of the Science References Appendices Appendix 1: Factors for Estimating Standard Deviation and Control Limits for Range Appendix 2: One-Sample Tolerance Probability Comparisons between nm* and nm Appendix 3: Critical Values of T Used to Test for Single Outliers (One-Sided Test) Appendix 4: Critical Values for lambda Used to Test for Multiple Outliers (alpha = 0.05) Appendix 5: Response Metameters for Proportion Affected Appendix 6: Maximum Likelihood Values for Dixon's Up-and-Down Method Appendix 7: E Values Used to Estimate 95% Confidence Intervals for LT50 with the Litchfield Method Appendix 8: Coefficients (an-i+1) for Shapiro-Wilk's Test for Normality Appendix 9: Percentage Points of Shapiro-Wilk's W Test for Normality Appendix 10: Dunnett's t for One-Sided Comparisons between p Treatment Means and a Control for alpha = 0.05 Appendix 11: Dunnett's t for Two-Sided Comparisons between p Treatment Means and a Control for alpha = 0.05 Appendix 12: Bonferroni's Adjusted t Values for One-Sided Test and alpha = 0.01 Appendix 13: Bonferroni's Adjusted t Values for One-Sided Test and alpha = 0.05 Appendix 14: Bonferroni's Adjusted t Values for Two-Sided Test and alpha = 0.01 Appendix 15: Bonferroni's Adjusted t Values for Two-Sided Test and alpha = 0.05 Appendix 16: Dunn-Sidak's t for Comparisons between p Treatment Means and a Control for alpha = 0.01, 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20 (One-Sided Test) Appendix 17: Dunn-Sidak's t for Comparisons between p Treatment Means and a Control for alpha = 0.01, 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20 (Two-Sided Test) Appendix 18: Williams's ti,alpha for w = 1 and Extrapolation sst (Superscript) for a One-Sided Test and alpha = 0.01 Appendix 19: Williams's ti,alpha for w = 1 and Extrapolation sst (Superscript) for a One-Sided Test and alpha = 0.05 Appendix 20: Williams's ti,alpha for w = 1 and Extrapolation sst (Superscript) for a Two-Sided Test and alpha = 0.01 Appendix 21: Williams's ti,alpha for w = 1 and Extrapolation sst (Superscript) for a Two-Sided Test and alpha = 0.05 Appendix 22: Significant Values of Steel's Rank Sums for a One-Sided Test with alpha = 0.05 or 0.01 Appendix 23: Significant Values of Steel's Rank Sums for a Two-Sided Test with alpha = 0.05 or 0.01 Appendix 24: Wilcoxon (Mann-Whitney) Rank-Sum Test Critical Values with Bonferroni's Adjustments: One-Sided Test and alpha = 0.05 Appendix 25: Wilcoxon Rank-Sum Test Critical Values with Bonferroni's Adjustments: Two-Sided Test and alpha = 0.05 Appendix 26: SAS Code for Implementing the Jonckheere-Terpstra Test Appendix 27: Balancing alpha, ss, and Effect Size (ES) Appendix 28: Basic Matrix Methods Appendix 29: Values of theta Used for Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Mean and Standard Deviation of Truncated Data Index
Responsibility: Michael C. Newman.

Abstract:

"This book provides a quantitative treatment of the science of ecotoxicology. The first chapters consider fundamental concepts and definitions essential to understanding the fate and effects of toxicants at various levels of ecological organization as covered in the remaining chapters. Scientific ecotoxicology and associated topics are defined. The historical perspective, rationale, and characteristics are outlined for the strong inferential and quantitative approach advocated in this book. The general measurement process is discussed, and methodologies for defining and controlling variance, which could otherwise exclude valid conclusions regarding ecotoxicological endeavors, are considered. Ecotoxicological concepts at increasing levels of ecological organization are discussed in the second part of the book. Quantitative methods used to measure toxicant effects are outlined in this section. The final chapter summarizes the book with a brief discussion of ecotoxicological assessment. Numerous figures and tables accompany text, with many statistical tables found in the appendix for quick reference. Although the book primarily focuses on aquatic systems, with appropriate modification the concepts and methods can be applied to terrestrial systems"--

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"...without a doubt a book that all aspiring and practicing ecotoxicologists should read and re-read time and time again. With each reading, as the reader learns more, new insights will be gained Read more...

 
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