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## Details

Document Type: | Book |
---|---|

All Authors / Contributors: |
Michael C Newman |

ISBN: | 9781439835647 1439835640 |

OCLC Number: | 462926155 |

Description: | xxi, 570 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm |

Contents: | Introduction Ecotoxicology as a Scientific Discipline Toxicants and Biosphere Toxicant Effects in Ecosystems Toxicant Fate in Ecosystems Organization of Knowledge Based on Explanatory Principles Bayesian Inference Toward Strongest Possible Inference and Clear Ecological Relevance References The Measurement Process General Regions of Quantitation Blank Correction Accuracy and Precision Variance Structure Sample Size Outliers Summary References Bioaccumulation General Modeling Bioaccumulation: General Approach Modeling Bioaccumulation: Alternative Approaches Intrinsic Factors Affecting Bioaccumulation Summary References Lethal and Other Quantal Responses to Stress General Dose-Response at a Set Endpoint Time to Death Quantifying the Effects of Extrinsic Factors Quantifying Effects of Intrinsic Factors Toxicant Mixtures Summary References Statistical Tests for Detection of Chronic Lethal and Sublethal Stress General Method Selection One-Way Analysis of Variance Test of Normality: Shapiro-Wilk's Test Test for Homogeneity of Variances: Bartlett's Test Treatment Means Compared to the Control Mean Monotonic Trend: Williams's Test Steel's Multiple Treatment-Control Rank Sum Test Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test with Bonferroni's Adjustment A Second Look at Statistical Testing Inferring Biological Significance from Statistical Significance Summary References Population and Metapopulation Effects General Epidemiology Population Size Demography Spatial Distribution of Individuals Population Genetics Summary References Community Effects General Simple Species Interactions Community Structure and Function Composite Indices Metacommunities Trophic Exchange Summary References Summary Application Facilitating Growth of the Science References Appendices Appendix 1: Factors for Estimating Standard Deviation and Control Limits for Range Appendix 2: One-Sample Tolerance Probability Comparisons between nm* and nm Appendix 3: Critical Values of T Used to Test for Single Outliers (One-Sided Test) Appendix 4: Critical Values for lambda Used to Test for Multiple Outliers (alpha = 0.05) Appendix 5: Response Metameters for Proportion Affected Appendix 6: Maximum Likelihood Values for Dixon's Up-and-Down Method Appendix 7: E Values Used to Estimate 95% Confidence Intervals for LT50 with the Litchfield Method Appendix 8: Coefficients (an-i+1) for Shapiro-Wilk's Test for Normality Appendix 9: Percentage Points of Shapiro-Wilk's W Test for Normality Appendix 10: Dunnett's t for One-Sided Comparisons between p Treatment Means and a Control for alpha = 0.05 Appendix 11: Dunnett's t for Two-Sided Comparisons between p Treatment Means and a Control for alpha = 0.05 Appendix 12: Bonferroni's Adjusted t Values for One-Sided Test and alpha = 0.01 Appendix 13: Bonferroni's Adjusted t Values for One-Sided Test and alpha = 0.05 Appendix 14: Bonferroni's Adjusted t Values for Two-Sided Test and alpha = 0.01 Appendix 15: Bonferroni's Adjusted t Values for Two-Sided Test and alpha = 0.05 Appendix 16: Dunn-Sidak's t for Comparisons between p Treatment Means and a Control for alpha = 0.01, 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20 (One-Sided Test) Appendix 17: Dunn-Sidak's t for Comparisons between p Treatment Means and a Control for alpha = 0.01, 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20 (Two-Sided Test) Appendix 18: Williams's ti,alpha for w = 1 and Extrapolation sst (Superscript) for a One-Sided Test and alpha = 0.01 Appendix 19: Williams's ti,alpha for w = 1 and Extrapolation sst (Superscript) for a One-Sided Test and alpha = 0.05 Appendix 20: Williams's ti,alpha for w = 1 and Extrapolation sst (Superscript) for a Two-Sided Test and alpha = 0.01 Appendix 21: Williams's ti,alpha for w = 1 and Extrapolation sst (Superscript) for a Two-Sided Test and alpha = 0.05 Appendix 22: Significant Values of Steel's Rank Sums for a One-Sided Test with alpha = 0.05 or 0.01 Appendix 23: Significant Values of Steel's Rank Sums for a Two-Sided Test with alpha = 0.05 or 0.01 Appendix 24: Wilcoxon (Mann-Whitney) Rank-Sum Test Critical Values with Bonferroni's Adjustments: One-Sided Test and alpha = 0.05 Appendix 25: Wilcoxon Rank-Sum Test Critical Values with Bonferroni's Adjustments: Two-Sided Test and alpha = 0.05 Appendix 26: SAS Code for Implementing the Jonckheere-Terpstra Test Appendix 27: Balancing alpha, ss, and Effect Size (ES) Appendix 28: Basic Matrix Methods Appendix 29: Values of theta Used for Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Mean and Standard Deviation of Truncated Data Index |

Responsibility: | Michael C. Newman. |

### Abstract:

## Reviews

*Editorial reviews*

Publisher Synopsis

"...without a doubt a book that all aspiring and practicing ecotoxicologists should read and re-read time and time again. With each reading, as the reader learns more, new insights will be gained from this excellent book...This book is not satisfied with presenting the status quo in a recipe type manner, but discusses the limitations of the methods and gently but firmly challenges all ecotoxicologists to lift our game, become more rigorous, and contribute to the development of our branch of science." --Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, January 2014 "This book provides a very fundamental view of ecotoxicology from the perspective of quantitative analysis. It covers all the ecological aspects of toxicology. Overall, it will be an excellent book for students interested in environmental science." -Wen-Xiong Wang, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Kowloon "Mike Newman's Quantitative Ecotoxicology provides a unique and much-needed addition to the ecotoxicological literature. He covers the most important ecotoxicological concepts (bioaccumulation, lethal and nonlethal responses to stress at the individual level, population and metapopulation effects, and community effects) and effectively combines these with the appropriate quantitative options and considerations for assessing these processes. This book is like an ecotoxicology text and statistics text rolled into one." -Valery E. Forbes, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA "... a sound and thorough update from the first edition. It is well written in common language for ecologists to understand." -James Oris, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, USA Praise for the Highly Cited First Edition "... a refreshing and highly readable treatment of the quantitative aspects of ecotoxicology that can be appreciated by readers with varying degrees of mathematical expertise. ... this book will be of tremendous value to beginning graduate students in ecotoxicology as well as to researchers seeking to add more quantitative rigor to their research questions." -William H. Clements, Colorado State University, Transactions of the American Fisheries Society "... excellent text ... a rara avis." -Glenn Suter, SETAC Globe "... an important contribution to the science. Dr. Newman should be commended for his excellent text." -Gary Rand, SETAC Globe Read more...

*User-contributed reviews*

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