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Quantitative viral ecology : dynamics of viruses and their microbial hosts

Author: Joshua Weitz
Publisher: Princeton ; Oxford : Princeton University Press, [2015]
Series: Monographs in population biology, 55.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"When we think about viruses we tend to consider ones that afflict humans--such as those that cause influenza, HIV, and Ebola. Yet, vastly more viruses infect single-celled microbes. Diverse and abundant, microbes and the viruses that infect them are found in oceans, lakes, plants, soil, and animal-associated microbiomes. Taking a vital look at the "microscopic" mode of disease dynamics, Quantitative Viral Ecology  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Joshua Weitz
ISBN: 9780691161549 0691161542
OCLC Number: 908083940
Awards: Short-listed for 2016 Postgraduate Textbook Prize, Royal Society of Biology 2016
Description: xix, 329 pages ; 25 cm.
Contents: I. VIROLOGY: AN ECOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE --
1. What Is a Virus? --
1.1. What Is a Virus? --
1.2. Dimensions of Viral Biodiversity --
1.3. Summary --
2. Viral Life History Traits --
2.1. Life History Traits in Ecology --
2.2. Viral Life Cycle --
2.3. Traits Associated with Lysis --
2.4. Traits Associated with Lysogeny --
2.5. Extracellular Traits --
2.6. Summary --
II. POPULATION AND EVOLUTIONARY DYNAMICS OF VIRUSES AND THEIR MICROBIAL HOSTS --
3. Population Dynamics of Viruses and Microbes --
3.1. On Measurements and Models --
3.2. Viruses and the "Control" of Microbial Populations --
3.3. Viruses and Oscillatory Dynamics --
3.4. Linking Microscopic Details with Dynamics --
3.5. Summary --
4. Evolutionary Dynamics of Viruses or Microbes, but Not Both --
4.1. Viruses and the Nature of Mutation --
4.2. The Effects of Viruses on Host Evolution --
4.3. The Effects of Hosts on Viral Evolution --
4.4. Summary --
5. Coevolutionary Dynamics of Viruses and Microbes --
5.1. From Sensitivity Relations to Coevolution --
5.2. Toward "Novel" Coevolution: On the Probability of Compensating Mutations --
5.3. The Effect of Coevolution on Host and Viral Population Dynamics --
5.4. Ecological Effects on the Coevolutionary Dynamics of Types and Traits --
5.5. Summary --
III. VIRAL ECOLOGY IN THE OCEANS: A MODEL SYSTEM FOR MEASUREMENT AND INFERENCE --
6. Ocean Viruses: On Their Abundance, Diversity, and Target Hosts --
6.1. Ways of Seeing --
6.2. Counting Viruses in the Environment --
6.3. Estimating Viral Diversity --
6.4. Virus-Microbe Infection Networks --
6.5. Summary --
7. Virus-Host Dynamics in a Complex Milieu --
7.1. Rosenblueth and Wiener's Cat --
7.2. Many Viruses and Many Hosts --
7.3. Nutrients and the Viral "Shunt" --
7.4. Viruses and Grazers --
7.5. Summary --
8. The Future of Quantitative Viral Ecology --
8.1. Current Challenges, in Theory --
8.2. On the Future of Quantitative Viral Ecology --
TECHNICAL APPENDIXES --
A. Viral Life History Traits --
A.1. Measuring Viral Life History Traits: A Quantitative Perspective --
A.2. A Core Technique: The Plaque Assay --
A.3. Protocols for Life History Trait Estimation --
B. Population Dynamics of Viruses and Microbes --
B.1. Host-Associated Life History Traits --
B.2. Linear Stability Analysis of a Nonlinear Dynamical System --
B.3. Implicit Resource Dynamics as a Limit of Explicit Resource Dynamics --
B.4. On Poisson Processes and Mean Field Models --
B.5. A Note on Simulating Dynamical Systems --
B.6. Analysis of a Population Dynamics Model with Reinfection of Infected Hosts --
C. Evolutionary Dynamics of Viruses or Microbes, but Not Both --
C.1. Models of Independent Mutations Arising in the Growth of Populations --
C.2. Invasion Criterion for Mutant Viruses with Distinct Life History Traits --
C.3. Deriving the Canonical Equation of Adaptive Dynamics --
C.4. Simulating Evolutionary Dynamics --
D. Ocean Viruses: On Their Abundance, Diversity, and Target Hosts --
D.1. Protocol for Automatic Estimation of Virus-Like Particles from Digital Images Derived from Epifluorescence Microscopy --
E. Virus-Host Dynamics in a Complex Milieu --
E.1.A Multitrophic Model to Quantify the Effects of Marine Viruses on Microbial Food Webs and Ecosystem Processes.
Series Title: Monographs in population biology, 55.
Responsibility: Joshua S. Weitz.

Abstract:

"When we think about viruses we tend to consider ones that afflict humans--such as those that cause influenza, HIV, and Ebola. Yet, vastly more viruses infect single-celled microbes. Diverse and abundant, microbes and the viruses that infect them are found in oceans, lakes, plants, soil, and animal-associated microbiomes. Taking a vital look at the "microscopic" mode of disease dynamics, Quantitative Viral Ecology establishes a theoretical foundation from which to model and predict the ecological and evolutionary dynamics that result from the interaction between viruses and their microbial hosts. Joshua Weitz addresses three major questions: What are viruses of microbes and what do they do to their hosts? How do interactions of a single virus-host pair affect the number and traits of hosts and virus populations? How do virus-host dynamics emerge in natural environments when interactions take place between many viruses and many hosts? Emphasizing how theory and models can provide answers, Weitz offers a cohesive framework for tackling new challenges in the study of viruses and microbes and how they are connected to ecological processes--from the laboratory to the Earth system. Quantitative Viral Ecology is an innovative exploration of the influence of viruses in our complex natural world."--

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Winner of the 2016 Postgraduate Textbook Prize, Royal Society of Biology

 
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