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Reasoning and Public Health.

Author: Louise Cummings
Publisher: Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2015.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Document   Computer File : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book argues that in order to be truly effective, public health must embrace a group of reasoning strategies that have traditionally been characterized as informal fallacies. It will be demonstrated that these strategies can facilitate judgements about complex public health issues in contexts of uncertainty. The book explains how scientists and lay people routinely resort to the use of these strategies during  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document
Document Type: Book, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Louise Cummings
ISBN: 331915012X 9783319150123
OCLC Number: 956682872
Notes: Notes.
Description: 1 online resource (252 pages)
Contents: Preface; Acknowledgements; Contents; List of Figures; 1 The Challenge for Public Health; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 The Role of Reasoning in Public Health; 1.2.1 Reasoning and Public Health Scientists; 1.2.2 Reasoning and the Public; 1.3 Disciplines and Public Health Reasoning; 1.3.1 Critical Thinking; 1.3.2 Public Understanding of Science; 1.3.3 Health Psychology; 1.4 A New Model of Public Health Reasoning; 1.5 Summary; Notes; 2 Philosophy and Public Health; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 The Concept of Presumption; 2.2.1 Presumptions Are Defeasible; 2.2.2 Presumptions Are Rationally Justified. 2.2.3 Presumptions Are Context Sensitive2.2.4 Presumptions Have a Lowly Epistemic Status; 2.2.5 Presumptions Are Action Oriented; 2.3 Major Informal Fallacies; 2.3.1 From Historical Antecedents ... ; 2.3.2 ... to the Present Day; 2.4 Summary; Notes; 3 Argument from Ignorance; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Arguing from Ignorance; 3.3 Arguments from Ignorance in Public Health; 3.4 Analysing the Argument from Ignorance; 3.4.1 Dialectical Analyses; 3.4.2 Epistemic Analyses; 3.5 Ignorance as a Cognitive Heuristic; 3.5.1 Heuristics and Reasoning; 3.5.2 The Ad Ignorantiam Heuristic. 3.6 Study of Public Health Reasoning3.7 Summary; Notes; 4 Argument from Authority; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Arguing from Authority; 4.3 Arguments from Authority in Public Health; 4.4 Analysing the Argument from Authority; 4.4.1 Dialectical Analyses; 4.4.2 Epistemic Analyses; 4.5 Authority as a Cognitive Heuristic; 4.5.1 Ad Verecundiam in Systematic Reasoning; 4.5.2 Ad Verecundiam in Heuristic Reasoning; 4.6 Study of Public Health Reasoning; 4.7 Summary; Notes; 5 Argument from Analogy; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Arguing from Analogy; 5.3 Arguments from Analogy in Public Health. 5.4 Analysing the Argument from Analogy5.4.1 Dialectical Analyses; 5.4.2 Epistemic Analyses; 5.5 Analogy as a Cognitive Heuristic; 5.5.1 Analogy in Systematic Reasoning; 5.5.2 Analogy in Heuristic Reasoning; 5.6 Study of Public Health Reasoning; 5.7 Summary; Notes; 6 Circular Argument; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Arguing in a Circle; 6.3 Circular Arguments in Public Health; 6.4 Analysing Circular Argument; 6.4.1 Dialectical Analyses; 6.4.2 Epistemic Analyses; 6.5 Circular Argument as a Cognitive Heuristic; 6.5.1 Circular Argument in Systematic Reasoning. 6.5.2 Circular Argument in Heuristic Reasoning6.6 Study of Public Health Reasoning; 6.7 Summary; Notes; 7 Fallacies in Public Health; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Why Do Fallacies Occur in Public Health?; 7.3 Weak Arguments in Public Health; 7.4 Evaluating Weak Arguments in Public Health; 7.5 Summary; Notes; 8 Theory of Public Health Reasoning; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 A Unified Theory of Public Health Reasoning; 8.2.1 Theoretical Components; 8.2.2 Application to the BSE Epidemic; 8.3 Implications for Public Health; 8.3.1 Public Health Communication; 8.3.2 Expert Reasoning in Public Health; 8.4 Summary.

Abstract:

Public health professionals must have a sound understanding of these cognitive strategies in order to engage the public and achieve their public health goals.The book draws upon public health issues  Read more...

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