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Reasoning processes in humans and computers : theory and research in psychology and artificial intelligence

Author: Morton Wagman
Publisher: Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2003.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

A critical analysis of current theory and research in the psychological and computational sciences is presented and directed toward an elucidation of reasoning processes.

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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Wagman, Morton.
Reasoning processes in humans and computers.
Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2003
(OCoLC)607371653
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Morton Wagman
ISBN: 0275975258 9780275975258
OCLC Number: 49977123
Description: xix, 297 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: Human Reasoning and Reasoning Systems --
Deductive Reasoning --
Experimental Modification of Fallacious Reasoning --
Natural Reasoning and Human Intellect --
Reasoning and a General Theory of Intelligence --
Rationality and Psychological Research --
Deductive Reasoning and Artificial Intelligence --
Inductive Reasoning and Artificial Intelligence --
Probabilistic Reasoning and Artificial Intelligence --
Types of Reasoning in Artificial Intelligence --
Commonsense Reasoning and Artificial Intelligence --
Plausible Reasoning --
Theory of Plausible Reasoning --
Abstract Rules and Reasoning --
The Use of Abstract Rules in Human Reasoning --
Causal Reasoning --
Reasoning about Causes and Enabling Conditions --
Logical Reasoning and Belief-Bias Effects --
Belief-Bias and Logical Reasoning --
Inductive Reasoning --
Symbolic Induction and Discovery of the Causes of Scurvy --
The CHARADE System and Hypotheses about Scurvy --
Experiments in Inductive Discovery --
Bayesian Reasoning --
The Mathematical Law of Natural Selection and Bayesian Frequencies --
Bayesian Inference and Frequency Representation --
Ecological and Evolutionary Approaches to Bayesian Reasoning --
Syllogistic Reasoning --
Syllogistic Reasoning and Modes of Representation --
Commonsense Reasoning --
The Robust Theory of Commonsense Reasoning --
Temporal Reasoning --
Concepts and Methods of Temporal Abstraction --
The RESUME System --
Similarity-Based Reasoning --
The Similarity Assumption in Reasoning --
Critique of the Similarity Assumption in Case-Based Reasoning.
Responsibility: Morton Wagman.

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