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Rediscovering the traditions of Israel : the development of the traditio-historical research of the Old Testament, with special consideration of Scandinavian contributions

Author: Douglas A Knight
Publisher: [Missoula, Mont.] : Society of Biblical Literature : Distributed by Scholars Press, 1975.
Series: Dissertation series (Society of Biblical Literature), no. 9.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : Rev. edView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: Criticism, interpretation, etc
History
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Douglas A Knight
ISBN: 0884140555 9780884140559
OCLC Number: 1256894
Notes: Originally presented as the author's thesis, Göttingen, 1972.
Includes indexes.
Description: xv, 439 pages ; 22 cm.
Contents: Prolegomena --
1. Traditio et traditum --
Aspects of traditio --
Aspects of traditum --
2. What is "tradition history"? --
A. Previous understandings --
B. Definition of tradition and of tradition history --
C. Methodology --
D. Yield --
3. Scope and method of the present study --
Part One: The rise of the traditio-historical research of the Old Testament (excluding Scandinavian contributions) --
4. Richard Simon and the awakening to the problem of Old Testament tradition --
A. Background --
B. Simon's critical research --
C. Understanding of tradition --
D. Influence on later researchers --
5. The era of source criticism: General neglect of the precompositional stage --
A. The beginnings of source criticism --
B. Johann Gottfried Herder: Impulses from Romanticism --
C. Johann Christoph Nachtigal: Recognition of precompositional developments --
D. Julius Wellhausen: The documentary hypothesis and tradition --
E. August Klostermann: The crystallization hypothesis and public recital --
6. Hermann Gunkel and the recognition of the importance of ancient traditions --
A. The influence of Albert Eichhorn --
B. New directions --
C. Schopfung und chaos: Impulses from religious-geschichte --
D. Commentary on Genesis: Impulses from Gattunga-geschichte --
7. Fromm Hugo Gressmann to Albrecht Alt: Securing and extending the foundation --
A. Hugo Gressmann and tradition criticism --
B. Early understandings of oral tradition --
C. Albrecht Alt's fundamental contributions --
8. Gerhard Von Rad and Martin Noth: The fathers of traditio-historical research --
A. Von Rad --
1. The form-critical problem of the Hexateuch --
Point of departure --
The traditio-historical independence of the Sinai tradition from the Exodus-conquest complex --
The fusion of the tradition complexes by the Jahwist --
2. Commentary on Genesis --
Comparison with Gunkel's commentary on Genesis --
Hermeneutical priority of the Jahwist's composition --
Tradition history in the service of Old Testament theology --
Assessment of Israel's sagas --
3. Theology of the Old Testament --
The subject matter: Israel's testimonies to Jahweh's involvement in history --
THeological reception of the traditio-historical and form-critical methods --
Tradition and history --
Tradition history and Heilsgeschichte --
A traditio-historical relationship between Old Testament and New Testament? --
The importance of von Rad's use of tradition history --
B. Noth --
1. History of the Pentateuchal traditions --
Task and point of departure --
Isolating the five Pentateuchal themes and the additional elements of tradition --
The merging of the themes and the individual traditions --
2. Traditio-historical study of the Deuteronomist's and of the Chronicler's compositions --
The Deuteronomistic history --
The chronicler's history --
3. History of Israel --
C. Summary --
9. Some examples of recent traditio-historical studies --
A. Hartmut Gese on Ezekiel 40-48 --
B. Wolfgang Richter on Judges 3-9 --
C. Odil Hannes Steck's history of a notion. 10. Critical reaction to traditio-historical research --
A. The dependency of traditio-historical analysis and other investigative procedures --
The issue of external evidence --
Traditio-historical criteria and the question of historicity --
B. The question of traditio-historical overkill --
Overextension of the method --
Implausibility of the results --
C. The need for a basic trust in the traditional outline of history --
D. The necessity of avoiding modern cultural presuppositions --
E. Summary --
Part Two: The Scandinavian debate on traditio-historical problems --
11. The beginnings --
A. Sigmund Mowinckel's early work on prophetic tradition --
B. Johannes Pedersen: Initial opposition to literary criticism --
C. Ivar Hylander and basic problem of method --
The traditio-critical task --
Literary criticism and tradition history --
D. Henrik Samuel Nyberg: The thesis of a predominant oral tradition --
The nature of transmission in Israel --
Tradition history of Numbers 16-17 --
COntributions to the debate --
E. Harris Birkeland: Establishing this thesis and demonstrating its consequences --
F. Johannes Lindblom's research: Evidence of the force of these ideas --
The prophetic literature --
Tradition history of the Book of Job --
G. Sigmund Mowinckel's further studies --
The indispensable work of literary criticism --
The rise of the prophetic literature --
Summary --
12. Ivan Engnell: The center of the debate --
A. Engnell's traditio-historical introduction to the Old Testament --
The importance given tradition history --
Oral tradition and its significance for text criticism --
The literary forms --
Tradition history as an alternative the literary criticism --
Tradition history of the Pentateuch --
B. Prophecy and tradition: Mowinckel vs. Engnell --
Mowinckel --
Engnell --
THe result of the debate --
C. Engnell's subsequent work --
Oral tradition --
"Primary" vs. "Secondary" elements --
The traditio-historical method --
The primacy of traditio-historical research --
13. The "Uppsala circle" --
A. Alfred Haldar: Prophetic circles and transmission --
Associations of cult prophets --
Prophetic tradition and transmission --
B. Geo Widengren's refutation of the thesis of a predominant oral traidtion --
The importance of writing in the ancient Near East --
Supportive evidence --
Mesopotamia --
Arabic cultures --
The Old Testament --
Conclusions --
C. Helmer Ringgren --
Oral transmission as explanation for certain variant readings --
The place of tradition history in Old Testament research --
D. Gosta W. Ahlstrom --
Tradition history of Psalm 89 --
The "oral/written" debate --
E.R.A. Carlson on Second Samuel --
Traditio-historical method and scope --
A pre-Deuteronomic Davidic epic --
Compositional analysis of Second Samuel --
Evaluation of his traditio-historical analysis --
14. The influence of an response to the Uppsala Circle --
A. Aage Bentzen --
Hypothesis of Hexateuchal stratification --
Israel and ancient Near Eastern motifs --
The Book of Daniel --
Summary --
B. Arvid S. Kapelrud --
The origin of the Ezra-narrative --
Pentateuch miscellanea --
Origin and development of the Book of Job --
C. Eduard Nielsen --
The thesis of a predominant oral tradition --
Tradition history of the Decalogue --
D. Magner Saebo on Deutero-Zechariah --
Analytical orientation and procedure --
Text criticism understood traditio-historically --
Form criticism understood traditio-historically --
Preliminary conclusions about composition and background --
Summary --
15. Critique --
A. Oral composition and transmission --
The question of reliability --
Comparative evidence --
The critical analysis of "oral literature" --
The stage of literary fixation --
The Scandinavian contributions --
B. The importance of religio-historical studies --
On the divine-kingship ideology --
Constitutive elements of the traditum --
C. General contributions and the present state of the research.
Series Title: Dissertation series (Society of Biblical Literature), no. 9.
Responsibility: by Douglas A. Knight.

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