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Referential mechanics : direct reference and the foundations of semantics

Author: Joseph Almog
Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press, 2014.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This volume is focused on understanding a key idea in modern semantics - direct reference - and its integration into a general semantics for natural language. In the first three chapters, foundational analyses from three philosophers - Saul Kripke, David Kaplan and Keith Donnellan - are dissected in detail. The differences between their respective ideas lead to varying consequences in the philosophy of mind, the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Almog, Joseph.
Referential mechanics.
(DLC) 2013010050
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Joseph Almog
ISBN: 9780199349487 0199349487 9780199314386 0199314381
OCLC Number: 881476209
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Cover ; Referential Mechanics: Direct Reference and the Foundations of Semantics; Copyright; Dedication; CONTENTS ; PREFACE ; ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ; Chapter 1: Direct Reference by Designation ; 1. DESIGNATION MECHANICS ; 1.1 Absolute vs. Relative Designation ; 1.2 The Mechanics of Rigid Designation ; 2. REFERENTIAL MECHANICS- BY MODEL THEORY VS. BY NATURAL HISTORICAL SEMANTICS ; 2.1 The Determination of Reference Problem-by Model Theory or Historical Semantics? ; 2.2 The Puzzle That Never Was ; 2.3 The Fundamentality of the Flow Diagram Reversal 2.4 Guidelines for Direct Reference Semantics Suggested by Proper Names 3. INTERMEZZO ; Chapter 2: Direct Reference by Singular Proposition ; 1. SINGULAR PROPOSITION MECHANICS ; 1.1 Only in the Context of a Proposition ; 1.2 Russell's Amended Theory of Propositions ; 1.3 Kaplan's Amendments of Russell's Account ; 1.4 Frege, Russell, and Kaplan ; (A) KAPLAN ON PROPER NAMES ; (B) INDEXICALIZING NAMES ; (C) NAMES AS THEIR OWN SENSES (CHARACTERS) ; 2. FOUNDATIONAL PROBLEMS WITH PROPOSITIONAL SEMANTICS ; 2.1 Propositions, Modality, Cognition 2.2 The Descriptive Incompleteness of Propositional Semantics (A) NEGATIVE EXISTENTIALS WITH EMPTY NAMES ; (B) PAST REFERENCE AND PROPOSITIONS NOW GONE ; (C) COGNITIVE DYNAMICS I: RETAINING PROPOSITIONS VS. GOING ON THINKING ; (D) COGNITIVE DYNAMICS II: PIERRE AND PETER, DE PROPOSITION VS. DE OBJECT COGNITIVE DESCRIPTIONS ; 2.3 Trans-Framework Foundational Problems ; (A) ONE UNIFIED SEMANTIC RELATION ; (B) WHAT'S IN THE HEAD ; Chapter 3: Direct Reference by Referential Uses ; 1. REFERENTIAL USES-THE BASIC IDEA ; 1.1 What Is a Referential Use? 1.2 Perception, Referential Uses, and (Back-)reference 1.3 Photographs as Referential ; 2. THEORETICAL CONCLUSIONS-DIRECT SEMANTIC REFERENCE ; 2.1 Not Just Definite Descriptions, Any Singular Reference ; 2.2 Object-Cognition Precedes Direct Semantic Reference ; 2.3 Direct Semantic Reference Is Back-Reference ; 2.4 Natural-Historical Transmission Determines Cognitive Linkage ; 2.5 The Information Source-the Which, not the How ; 2.6 The Which-Object, not the Reasons for Predicating It ; 2.7 The One Had in Mind, not the One I Choose 2.8 Referential Use of "E" = Semantic Reference by "E" 2.9 Referential Uses Analogized to Logically Proper Names-Predication-Free Uses ; 2.10 Referential Uses Free of Russell's Epistemic Constraints ; 2.11 Predications as Communication Guides ; 2.12 Predication Is Posterior to Direct Semantic Reference ; 2.13 The General Form of a Referential Use of an Expression ; 2.14 Attributive Uses-Having an Attribute in Mind ; (A) THEORIES OF DENOTATIONAL SEMANTIC . . . REFERENCE: KRIPKE AND KAPLAN ; (B) KAPLAN VS. DONNELLAN ON INDEXICALS ; 3. THE DIRECT REFERENCE GUIDELINES APPLIED
Responsibility: Joseph Almog.

Abstract:

This volume is focused on understanding a key idea in modern semantics-direct reference-and its integration into a general semantics for natural language.  Read more...

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