RT Book, Whole DB /z-wcorg/ DS http://worldcat.org ID 54986557 LA English T1 The reformation of the image A1 Koerner, Joseph Leo., PB University of Chicago Press PP Chicago YR 2004 SN 0226450066 9780226450063 0226448371 9780226448374 AB With his 95 Theses, Martin Luther advanced the radical notion that all Christians could enjoy a direct, personal relationship with God, shattering years of Catholic tradition. The text of the Bible, the Word of God itself, Luther argued, revealed the only true path to salvation. But if words, not iconic images, showed the way to salvation, why didn't religious imagery during the Reformation disappear along with indulgences? The answer, according to Joseph Leo Koerner, lies in the paradoxical nature of Protestant religious imagery itself, which is at once both iconic and iconoclastic. Koerner masterfully demonstrates this point not only with a multitude of Lutheran images, many never before published, but also with a close reading of a single pivotal work, Lucas Cranach the Elder's altarpiece for the City Church in Wittenberg (Luther's parish). As Koerner shows, Cranach, breaking all the conventions of traditional Catholic iconography, created an entirely new aesthetic for the new Protestant ethos. In the Crucifixion scene of the altarpiece, for instance, Christ is alone and stripped of all his usual attendants, with nothing separating him from Luther (preaching the Word) and his parishioners. And while the Holy Spirit is nowhere to be seen, it is nonetheless dramatically present as the force animating Christ's drapery. According to Koerner, it is this "iconoclash" that animates the best Reformation art.