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Reforming the police in post-Soviet states : Georgia and Kyrgyzstan

Author: Erica Marat; Army War College (U.S.). Strategic Studies Institute,; Army War College (U.S.). Press,
Publisher: Carlisle, PA : Strategic Studies Institute and U.S. Army War College Press, 2013.
Series: Letort papers.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This report identifies and explains the determinants of police reform in former Soviet states by examining the cases of Georgia and Kyrgyzstan. The two cases were chosen to show two drastically different approaches to reform played out in countries facing arguably similar problems with state-crime links, dysfunctional governments, and corrupt police forces. In Georgia, the government's reform program has  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Case studies
Ebook
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Marat, Erica.
Reforming the police in post-Soviet states
(OCoLC)865000630
Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Erica Marat; Army War College (U.S.). Strategic Studies Institute,; Army War College (U.S.). Press,
OCLC Number: 862391512
Notes: Title from PDF title page (SSI, viewed November 8, 2013).
"November 2013."
Description: 1 online resource (xi, 57 pages).
Contents: Introduction --
What constitutes police reform --
Georgia. The reform --
A "police state" --
Dealing with mass riots --
Kyrgyzstan. Reform programs and authoritarian leadership --
Moving the reform out of the Interior Ministry --
The policeman's dilemma --
Conclusions and recommendations.
Series Title: Letort papers.
Responsibility: Erica Marat.

Abstract:

This report identifies and explains the determinants of police reform in former Soviet states by examining the cases of Georgia and Kyrgyzstan. The two cases were chosen to show two drastically different approaches to reform played out in countries facing arguably similar problems with state-crime links, dysfunctional governments, and corrupt police forces. In Georgia, the government's reform program has fundamentally transformed the police, but it also reinforced the president Mikhail Saakashvili regime's reliance on the police. With two political regime changes in one decade, Kyrgyzstan's failed reform effort led to increasing levels of corruption within law enforcement agencies and the rise of violent nonstate groups. The experiences of Georgia and Kyrgyzstan show that a militarized police force is unlikely to spontaneously reform itself, even if the broader political landscape becomes more democratic. If anything, the Interior Ministry will adapt to new political leadership, both to ensure its own position in society and to continue receiving the state resources needed to sustain itself. Both Georgia and Kyrgyzstan offer important guidelines for conducting successful police reform in a former Soviet state, advice that could be helpful to the Middle Eastern states currently undergoing rapid political transformation.

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