Historiated initials (Layout features)
Illuminated initials (Layout features)
Armorial bookplates (Provenance)
Benedict, Saint Abbot of Monte Cassino.; William Horatio Crawford; John Arthur Brooke, Sir; Thomas Brooke, Sir; W J Leighton; Acton Griscom; Claude de Grilly; L Potier; Richard C Baker; Abbaye de Sainte-Glossinde de Metz (Metz, France),; Librairie Tross,; Ellis (Firm),; Sotheby & Co. (London, England),; Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge,; Lathrop C. Harper, Inc.,; Pre-1650 Manuscript Collection (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library); University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
Title from opening rubric.
Collation: Parchment, fol. ii (parchment, i is pastedown) + 59 (foliated 1-59) + ii (parchment, ii is pastedown) ; 1-7⁸ (+3) ; horizontal catchwords in inner margin of verso of last leaf of each quire.
Layout: Written in 2 columns of 30 lines, frame-ruled in lead; 59v blank.
Script: Written in a Gothic book hand of the late 13th century; different, possibly later, hand at 58r-59r.
Decoration: 1. Historiated initial (4-line) at 1r in gold, rose, and blue with St. Benedict delivering the Rule to four nuns -- 2. Marginal decorations at 1r inhabited with a dragon, and hounds chasing a hare and a stag -- 3. Initials (2- to 4-line) at beginning of each chapter, alternating blue initials with red penwork decoration and red initials with blue penwork; penwork flourishes extend into margins -- 4. Rubricated text throughout.
Binding: Red velvet over oak boards with brass trim along edges, probably early 19th-century; clasps missing. Binding stabilized in 2005 by Richard C. Baker of St. Louis, Missouri.
Origin: Written in France, probably in the vicinity of Metz, in the latter decades of the 13th century. The historiated initial, the feminization of certain passages of the Rule, and the use of the vernacular all indicate that it was specifically intended for nuns, quite possibly for the Abbey of Sainte-Glossinde.
Provenance: 1. Belonged to the Abbey of Sainte-Glossinde in Metz, as per a strip of paper pasted to bottom margin at 25r, bearing following inscription: "Ego soror Claudia de Grilly promitto stabilitatem et co[n]versionem meorum morum et obedientiam secundum regulam Sancti Benedicti coram Deo et sanctis eius in hoc monasterio quod est costructum in honore Sancti Sulpitii et Sancte Glodesindis virginis in presentia d[omi]ni Benedicti abbatis Sancti Arnulphi et D[omi]no." Hand appears to date to the 15th century -- 2. Belonged to S. Germot as per the catalogue of L. Potier (1869) -- 3. Sold by Potier to the Librairie Tross in 1869 as per the 1884 notice of Meyer -- 4. Possession of William Horatio Crawford of Lakeland, Cork, as per armorial bookplate on inside front cover and his sale (Sotheby's, 12 March 1891) -- 5. Sold to Ellis as per De Ricci -- 6. Armorial bookplate of Sir Thomas Brooke of Armitage Bridge, inside front cover -- 7. Possession of Sir John Arthur Brooke as per his sale (Sotheby's, 25 May 1921) -- 8. Purchased by W.J. Leighton as per De Ricci -- 9. Belonged to Acton Griscom of High Point, New Jersey as per De Ricci -- 10. Purchased from Harper, 11 February 1955.
Shelf-mark: Urbana, IL, University of Illinois Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Pre-1650 MS 0098.
Former shelf-mark: Q. 255.106 B434r:F 1270 (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library).
|描述：||59 leaves : parchment ; 292 x 216 (220 x 160) mm. bound to 303 x 225 mm.|
|内容：||1. fol. 1r-30v: [Rule of St. Benedict in French]: "[rubr.] Si comence li prologues en la regle saint Benoit. [text] Escoute, fille, les co[m]mandemens de ton maistre ... hautesse de vertus p[ar] lou maintenement de Deu. Amen. [rubr.] Ci fenist la regle s[aint] Benoit, nostre saint peire tesmoignie et confermee de p[ar] saint Gregoire, apostoile de Rome." --
2. fol. 30v-55v: [Li livres des tribulations]: "[text] Da nobis D[omi]ne auxiilium de tribulatione, a toi arme livree ... qui lou comensait et qui fenit lait. Amen." --
3. fol. 55v-56v: [Song on the love of pure poverty]: "[rubr.] Chanson damors de pure povreteit. [text] Devant nos ont passeit haraut ... ou vos i sereis maixereis." --
4. fol. 56v-58r: [Treatise on the spiritual comfort of God and on pride and humility]: "[text] Cest certainneteis ke lai volenteis Nostre Signor ... Deus vos gart prieis por moi. Amen." --
5. fol. 58r: [Treatise on gratitude to God]: "[text] Li cors doit randre graces a Deu por III choses ... viande amerouse, viande delitouse, viande vertuose." --
6. fol. 58r-59r: [Treatise on the Ten Commandments]: "[text]: [L]i X co[m]mandement de la loi su[n]t necessaire a salut ... par le droit waingnaige treqassent le X [com]mandement."
Regula, in French
Chanson d'amors de pure povreteit.
Cors doit randre graces a Deu.
Livres des tribulations.
X commandement de la loi sunt necessaire a salut.
A copy of the Rule of St. Benedict with accompanying spiritual works, almost certainly made for a female Benedictine community in the late 13th century. The vows of a 15th-century nun, Claude de Grilly, are pasted onto fol. 25r; she belonged to the Abbey of Sainte-Glossinde, the Benedictine nunnery of Metz. Codex contains: 1. the Rule of St. Benedict in French (Lorrain dialect), from 1r to 30v -- 2. A spiritual work that Meyer, in his 1884 study of this manuscript, calls Li livres des tribulations, running from 30v to 55v -- 3. A poem called the Chanson d'amors de pure povreteit, from 55v to 56v, which Meyer transcribed in his study, positing a Franciscan origin for this text -- 4. A short treatise on the spiritual comfort of God, and on pride and humility, running from 56v to 58r -- 5. Another short treatise on the ways in which the body, the heart, and the soul are to render thanks to God, at 58r -- 6. A short tract on the Ten Commandments, written in a different hand from the rest of the codex, possibly early 14th-century, at 58r-59r.
- Ten commandments -- Commentaries.
- Benedictine nuns -- France -- Rules.
- Christian poetry, French.
- French poetry -- To 1500.
- Illumination of books and manuscripts, Medieval -- Specimens.
- Illumination of books and manuscripts, French -- Specimens.
- Manuscripts, French -- Illinois -- Urbana -- Specimens.
- Manuscripts, Medieval -- Illinois -- Urbana -- Specimens.
- Monastic and religious life -- History -- Sources.
- Monasticism and religious orders -- History -- Middle Ages, 600-1500.
- Monasticism and religious orders for women -- History -- Middle Ages, 600-1500.
- Poetry, Medieval.
- Ten commandments.
- Benedictine nuns.
- French poetry.
- Illumination of books and manuscripts, French.
- Illumination of books and manuscripts, Medieval.
- Manuscripts, French.
- Manuscripts, Medieval.
- Monastic and religious life.
- Monasticism and religious orders for women -- Middle Ages.
- Monasticism and religious orders -- Middle Ages.
- Illinois -- Urbana.