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Renewable raw materials : new feedstocks for the chemical industry

Author: Roland Ulber; Dieter Sell; Thomas Hirth
Publisher: Weinheim, Germany : Wiley-VCH ; Chichester : John Wiley [distributor], ©2011.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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The 'go to' source for those wishing to familiarize themselves with the state of science and technology in the conversion of renewable raw materials. Presents the key concepts, systems, and  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Roland Ulber; Dieter Sell; Thomas Hirth
ISBN: 9783527325481 3527325484
OCLC Number: 551431027
Description: xiii, 229 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction to Renewable Resources in the Chemical Industry / Dieter Sell --
2. Plants as Bioreactors: Production and Use of Plant-Derived Secondary Metabolites, Enzymes, and Pharmaceutical Proteins / Bernward Garthoff --
2.1. Introduction --
2.2. Renewable Resources in the Chemical Industry --
2.2.1. Commodity Production --
2.2.2. Production Problems --
2.2.3. Natural Rubber as Compared to Synthetic Rubber --
2.2.4. Cellulose and Other Fibers --
2.2.5. Paper Production --
2.2.6. Starch Production --
2.2.7. Sugar Production and Improvement of Yield by Genetic Engineering --
2.3. Fine Chemicals and Drugs --
2.3.1. Plant Cell Culture --
2.3.2. Terpenoids --
2.3.3. Amino Acids --
2.3.4. Fatty Acid Derivatives --
2.3.5. Plant Protection --
2.3.6. Small Molecule Drugs --
2.3.7. Polyphenols and Resveratrol --
2.4. Plant-Made Pharmaceuticals --
2.4.1. Vaccines --
2.4.2. Monoclonal Antibodies --
2.4.3. Other Therapeutic Proteins. 2.4.4. Methodologies for PMP Production --
References --
3. World Agricultural Capacity / John K. Hughes --
3.1. Petrochemicals Today --
3.2. Renewable Chemicals --
3.2.1. Traditional Uses --
3.2.2. Potential Raw Materials --
3.2.3. Scope for Substitution --
3.3. Agricultural Production --
3.3.1. Current Situation --
3.3.2. Increasing Production --
3.3.3. Increasing Availability --
3.3.4. Future Prospects --
3.4. Supplying the Chemical Industry --
3.5. Summary --
References --
4. Logistics of Renewable Raw Materials / Frank Schultmann --
4.1. Introduction --
4.2. Determining Factors for the Logistics of Industrial Utilization Chains for Renewable Raw Materials --
4.2.1. Operating in a Natural Environment --
4.2.2. Characterization of Selected Renewable Raw Materials --
4.2.2.1. Oil Crops --
4.2.2.2. Sugar Crops --
4.2.2.3. Starch Crops --
4.2.2.4. Lignocellulosic Biomass --
4.2.2.5. Other Biogenic Residues --
4.2.2.6. Algae --
4.2.3. Actors and Stakeholders-Mobilization of the Renewable Raw Materials. 4.3. Processing Steps of Renewable Raw Material Logistic Chains --
4.3.1. Cultivation and Harvesting for Selected Types of Renewable Raw Materials --
4.3.1.1. Agricultural Production --
4.3.1.2. Forest Production --
4.3.2. Transport --
4.3.3. Storage --
4.4. Design and Planning of Renewable Raw Material Logistic Chains --
4.4.1. Determining Plant Sizes: Economies of Scale vs. Minimization of Transport Load --
4.4.2. Facility Location Planning and Determining the Logistical Structure of a Renewable Raw Material Utilization Chain --
4.4.3. Consideration of Competing Utilization Pathways --
4.4.4. Demand for Integrated Assessment and Planning Methods for Renewable Raw Material Logistic Chains --
4.5. Summary and Conclusions --
References --
5. Existing Value Chains / Anke Neumann --
5.1. Industrial Biotechnology Today-Main Products, Substrates, and Raw Materials --
5.2. White Biotechnology-Future Products from Today's Raw Materials? --
5.3. Effects of Feedstock and Process Technology on the Production Cost of Chemicals. 5.3.1. Introduction --
5.3.2. Simplified Procedure for Cost Estimation --
5.3.3. Example: Alkenes from Petroleum Fractions and from Bioethanol --
5.4. New Raw Materials for White Biotechnology --
5.5. Case Studies: Lignocellulose as Raw Material and Intermediates --
5.5.1. Bioethanol and Chemical Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass --
5.5.2. Limitations --
5.5.2.1. Substrate --
5.5.2.2. Pretreatment --
5.5.2.3. Composition of Biomass --
5.5.2.4. Hydrolysis --
5.5.2.5. Fermentation --
5.5.3. Research and Development Potential --
5.6. Case Studies: "SCOs" as Raw Material and Intermediate --
5.6.1. Microbial SCOs --
5.6.2. Industrial Use of Microbial SCOs --
5.6.3. Limitations and Research and Development Potential --
5.7. Conclusions --
References --
6. Future Biorefineries / James Clark --
6.1. Introduction --
6.2. Current and Future Outlook for Biofuels --
6.2.1. Bioethanol --
6.2.2. Biobutanol --
6.2.3. Biodiesel --
6.2.4. Microalgae --
6.3. Chemicals from Renewable Resources --
6.3.1. Succinic Acid. 6.3.2. Aspartic Acid --
6.3.3. Levulinic Acid --
6.3.4. Sorbitol Acid (SBA) --
6.3.5. Glycerol --
6.4. The Role of Clean Technologies in Biorefineries --
6.4.1. Separation Technologies --
6.4.2. Supercritical CO2 Extraction --
6.4.3. Cellulose Hydrolysis --
6.4.4. Thermochemical Processing --
6.5. The Size of Future Biorefineries --
6.6. Conclusions --
References --
7. Economic and Social Implications of the Industrial Use of Renewable Raw Materials / Pasquale Pazienza --
7.1. Introduction --
7.2. Biorefinery Industry and the Development of EU Rural Areas --
7.2.1. Overview of Different Models of Biorefinery Industry --
7.2.2. Potential Effects of the Global Model --
7.2.3. Potential Effects of the Local Model --
7.2.4. Which Biorefinery Model for EU Rural Areas? --
7.3. From Analytic to Systemic Modeling Methodology of the Biorefinery Industry --
7.3.1. The Search for a Theoretical Framework Capable of Dealing with Novelty, Uncertainty, Ignorance, and Unpredictability --
7.3.2. FCMs to Find Knowledge in Complex Systems. 7.4. Stakeholders' Perceptions of Biorefinery in Rural Areas: Issues and Lessons from the South of Italy --
7.4.1. A Network Analysis of Stakeholders' Knowledge --
7.4.2. Interpretation of Results --
7.4.2.1. Determinants --
7.4.2.2. Influential Conditions --
7.4.2.3. Effects --
7.5. Concluding Remarks --
Acknowledgments --
References --
8. Biobased Products-Market Needs and Opportunities / Rainer Busch --
8.1. Introduction --
8.2. Definition --
8.3. Basic Technology for the Conversion of Renewable Raw Materials --
8.4. Classes of Bioproducts --
8.5. Current Status --
8.5.1. Polymers --
8.5.1.1. Polylactic Acid --
8.5.1.2. Polyethylene --
8.5.1.3. Others --
8.5.1.4. Potential --
8.5.2. Lubricants --
8.5.3. Solvents --
8.5.4. Surfactants --
8.6. Outlook and Perspectives --
References --
9. Life-Cycle Analysis of Biobased Products / Liselotte Schebek --
9.1. Introduction: Why Life-Cycle Analysis of Biobased Products? --
9.2. The Methodological Framework of LCA --
9.2.1. General Goal and Framework of LCA. 9.2.2. Phases of LCA --
9.2.2.1. General Scheme --
9.2.2.2. Goal and Scope Definition --
9.2.2.3. Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) --
9.2.2.4. Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) --
9.2.2.5. Interpretation --
9.2.3. Databases and Software for LCA --
9.3. Specific Methodological Aspects for LCA for Biobased Products --
9.3.1. Methodological Outline --
9.3.2. Accounting for Land Use in LCA --
9.3.2.1. Conceptual Aspects for Treatment of Land Use in LCA --
9.3.2.2. Land Occupation and Land Transformation --
9.3.2.3. Impacts of Land Use --
9.4. LCA Studies for Biobased Products: Major Findings and Insights --
9.4.1. Biofuels --
9.4.2. Biopolymers --
9.4.3. Products from Biotechnological Processes --
9.4.4. Composites --
9.4.5. Consumer Products --
9.4.5.1. Packaging --
9.4.5.2. Products for the Building Sector --
9.4.5.3. Lubricants --
9.5. Conclusions --
References --
10. Conclusion / Dieter Sell.
Responsibility: edited by Roland Ulber, Dieter Sell and Thomas Hirth.

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