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The Reparative Effects of Human Rights Trials : Lessons From Argentina

Author: Rosario Figari Layus
Publisher: London : Taylor and Francis, 2017.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : First editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Justice in domestic courts is one of the most prominent aims of victims seeking to obtain accountability for human rights violations. It is, however, also one of the most difficult to achieve. In many Latin American countries, as well as elsewhere, activists have put human rights prosecutions forward as a fundamental means to end impunity, build democracy, strengthen the rule of law and address victims' rights. But  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
History
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Rosario Figari Layus
ISBN: 9781315114415 1315114410
OCLC Number: 993987947
Description: 1 online resource : text file, PDF
Contents: Cover; Title; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Illustrations; Acknowledgments; Abbreviations; Introduction: "small victories"; The Argentine case: state repression and the path to human rights trials; Reparative justice; Victimhood and justice; Debates on the social and political construction of victims; The relevance of the victims' perspective in Argentina; Fieldwork and data collection; Structure of the book; Part I Theoretical approaches to reparative criminal justice; 1 Justice and reparation of human rights violations; 1.1 Research on human rights prosecutions. 1.1.1 The post Second World War trials1.1.2 The transitional justice approach; 1.1.3 The debate for and against prosecutions; 1.2 What does reparation mean?; 1.2.1 Civic and legal reparation; 1.2.2 Personal reparation; 1.2.3 Social reparation; 1.3 Why do human rights trials provide reparation?; 1.3.1 Communicating and shaping social behaviour; 1.3.2 Symbolic effectiveness: legitimacy, acknowledgment and its social implications; 1.3.3 The power of the law; Part II Implications of state terror, limited justice and impunity for victims of human rights violations. 2 The hallmarks of state terror on victims and the wider Argentine society2.1 State organised violence in Argentina; 2.1.1 The military dictatorship; 2.1.2 Reconstructing the meaning of state violence; 2.2 Forced disappearance in Argentina; 2.2.1 Repression and denial; 2.2.2 Psychosocial consequences; 2.3 The erasure of rights and the attempts at resistance; 2.4 Terror and the rupture of social bonds; 2.5 Victims under suspicion: displacement of responsibility; 2.5.1 The stigma of surviving; 3 Darkness and light of the military Juntas trial. 3.1 The transition and the military obstacles to accountability3.2 The promise of justice; 3.3 Limitations of the Juntas Trial; 3.3.1 The number of prosecutions; 3.3.2 Testifying in fear; 3.3.3 Silences in the testimonies: the reflection of stigmatisation on the judiciary; 3.3.4 The capital-centric approach to justice; 4 "As if nothing had happened." Legal impunity and its social implications for victims; 4.1 The era of impunity; 4.1.1 Partial justice: accountability for the theft of children and Truth Trials; 4.2 Social and political implications of impunity for victims. 4.2.1 Reproducing fear: victims at risk4.2.2 The silence and paralysis of society; 4.2.3 Indifference and social impunity; 4.3 Public support for perpetrators; 4.4 Victims as second-class citizens; Part III Reparation through domestic human rights trials; 5 An introduction to human rights trials in Argentina: dynamics, advances and challenges; 5.1 The path towards justice; 5.2 Prosecuting human rights violations in the domestic legal system; 5.3 The constellation of actors in the trials; 5.4 The dynamics of the trials; 5.4.1 Political and bureaucratic challenges.
Responsibility: Rosario Figari Layus.

Abstract:

"Justice in domestic courts is one of the most prominent aims of victims seeking to obtain accountability for human rights violations. It is, however, also one of the most difficult to achieve. In many Latin American countries, as well as elsewhere, activists have put human rights prosecutions forward as a fundamental means to end impunity, build democracy, strengthen the rule of law and address victims' rights. But there is still little knowledge about what happens concretely when these judicial mechanisms are effectively put to work. Can prosecutions of mass human rights violations contribute to overcome the effects of state violence and impunity? Can trials enable meaningful reparative changes for victims in their local contexts? Analysing the human rights trials in Argentina established to prosecute those responsible for human rights violations during the military dictatorship, this book addresses how and why domestic prosecutions can operate as a means for reparation and contribute to deal with the damage caused by crimes against humanity. Based on a series of interviews conducted with victims participating in these prosecutions, as well as with lawyers, prosecutors, judges and other relevant actors in five provinces of Argentina, this book will be of considerable interest to those studying and working in the interdisciplinary field of transitional justice and human rights. The PhD thesis on which this book was based was awarded with the 2016 Doctoral Studies Award of the Philipps University of Marburg in Germany."--Provided by publisher.

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