|All Authors / Contributors:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Meteorology.
||56, 31 unnumbered pages : illustrations, color maps ; 29 cm
||prepared by members of the staff of the Department of Meteorology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Preface: In the training of weather officers for the armed services, it has become of increasing importance to give instruction in the characteristic weather conditions of many sections of the world because of the global scope of the present conflict. Although climatological and synoptic data are available for much of the world, this information is scattered and is not available in the form required for instructional purposes. At a conference on the training of weather officers held in Washington in February 1942 and attended by representatives of the institutions giving the training, the armed services and the Weather Bureau, this problem was recognized and discussed. At this conference the Massachusetts Institute of Technology agreed to prepare the present report on the North Atlantic region. Although written primarily for instructional purposes, it is hoped that it may also be of some value to meteorologists who are forecasting for this region. As indicated by the title, the report consists of two sections, one on the climatology of the region and one in which typical synoptic situations are illustrated and discussed. Insofar as possible the climatological data have been presented in the form of maps. An effort has been made to integrate the synoptic and climatological discussions wherever possible, and this has been facilitated, perhaps, by the fact that the climatological section has been prepared by a synoptic meteorologist. Although the major burden of preparing this report has fallen on Professor H. C. Willett and Professor J. M. Austin, several other members of our staff have made valuable contributions. Special credit is due Miss Margaret Whitcomb, Mrs. Karin Gleim and Miss Esther Hanchett for their work in assembling the climatological data and preparing the many charts. Professor B. Haurwitz has also assisted greatly in the selection and treatment of the climatological data. Mr. E. A. Murphy is responsible for the excellent plotting on the synoptic charts which makes the data readily legible in spite of the considerable reduction in the reproduction process. We are also indebted to the staffs of the libraries of the Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory and of the Institute of Geographical Exploration, both of Harvard University, for their kind assistance in locating much of the data utilized in this report.