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The Republican Aventine and Rome's social order

Author: Lisa Marie Mignone
Publisher: Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, 2016
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Scope and content: "The Republican Aventine and Rome's Social Order is about one hill in particular, the Aventine, and its segregation from and integration into the residential fabric of Rome. My chronological focus is the Roman Republic, with studies peering into the Augustan principate. Throughout the text, all dates are BCE unless otherwise noted, and the title's reference to Roman social order reflects this
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Lisa Marie Mignone
ISBN: 9780472119882 ) 0472119885 ((hardcover ; acid-free paper)
OCLC Number: 989375380
Notes: 40026238078
Description: xi, 243 s. : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Contents: Introduction: The Republican Aventine, the Plebeian District Par Excellence --
Aventine Withdrawal : Geographies of Secession --
Land Confiscation on the Aventine : Ager Publicus and the Lex Icilia de Aventino Publicando --
The Aventine's Development and Residents : Non Alter Populus --
The Aventine's Residents in the Archaeological Record : Promisce Urbs Aedificata --
Zoning Rome's Residents --
Conclusion: Plebs Habitat Diversa Locis --
Epilogue: Modern Secessions of Conscience : Constructing the Plebeian Aventine --
Appendix 1: Ceres, the So-Called Aventine Triad, and the Case of Mistaken Geography --
Appendix 2: The Authenticity of Dionysius' Archaic Bronze Stele and Its Contents
Responsibility: Lisa Marie Mignone

Abstract:

Scope and content: "The Republican Aventine and Rome's Social Order is about one hill in particular, the Aventine, and its segregation from and integration into the residential fabric of Rome. My chronological focus is the Roman Republic, with studies peering into the Augustan principate. Throughout the text, all dates are BCE unless otherwise noted, and the title's reference to Roman social order reflects this monograph's twin themes: the plebs and urban stability. First, this book destabilizes the long-standing scholarly tradition that the Aventine was the citadel and headquarters for Rome's politically vibrant plebs. Second, it demonstrates that the development of the Aventine as a region mirrors the overall evolution of the urbs. The caput mundi was characterized by an extraordinary degree of socioeconomic integration, and the book concludes by proposing that this transurban heterogeneity may have contributed to the city's relative tranquility up until the final decades of the republic. This book aims to offer a deeply textured reconstruction of the Aventine as a literary and conceptual construct, on the one hand, and as a physical space, on the other. The city map is intentionally blank. Though we know which monuments stood on the Aventine in the Republic, we do not know where they stood. The ruins that have been recovered remain anonymous or assigned amid great conjecture. This book is not a topographical manual or an archaeological survey guide. It does not seek to attach famous figures to known archaeological sites or to assign residents to a map. A flurry of recent and ongoing scholarship has made that sort of work possible. The publication of the Lexicon Topographicum Urbis Romae in particular ensures that Rome's cultural geography will remain a very fertile and dynamic field within classical studies. The contribution of this monograph is that it applies fresh, critical readings to the literary tradition, material culture, and comparative urban studies, to offer a new assessment of one of Rome's canonical hills and to theorize broadly about republican Rome's residential practices"--Preface

The Aventine--one of Romes canonical seven hills--has long been identified as the citys plebeian district, which housed the lower orders of society and served as the political headquarters, religious citadel, and social bastion of those seeking radical reform of the Republican constitution. Lisa Marie Mignone challenges the plebeian-Aventine paradigm through a multidisciplinary review of the ancient evidence, demonstrating that this construct proves to be a modern creation. Mignone uses ancient literary accounts, material evidence, and legal and semantic developments to reconstruct and reexamine the history of the Aventine Hill. Through comparative studies of premodern urban planning and development, combined with an assessment of gang violence and ancient neighborhood practices in the latter half of the first century BCE, she argues that there was no concentration of the disadvantaged in a "plebeian ghetto." Thus residency patterns everywhere in the caput mundi, including the Aventine Hill, likely incorporated the full spectrum of Roman society." -- Publisher's description

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Mignone has adopted the best traditions of classical studies in combining literature, epigraphy, law, and archaeology to reconstruct life in the ancient city. The Republican Aventine will provide an Read more...

 
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