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Respect for nature : a theory of environmental ethics

Author: Paul W Taylor
Publisher: Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, ©1986.
Series: Studies in moral, political, and legal philosophy.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Respect for Nature defends a biocentric theory of environmental ethics. Without making claims for the moral rights of plants and animals, Paul Taylor offers a reasoned alternative to the prevailing anthropocentric view, according to which the natural environment and its wild biotic communities are valued only as objects for human use or enjoyment. What rational justification is there for conceiving of all living  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Paul W Taylor
ISBN: 0691077096 9780691077093 069102250X 9780691022505
OCLC Number: 13124739
Description: ix, 329 pages ; 23 cm.
Contents: I: Environmental ethics and human ethics. Introduction ; Moral agents and moral subjects ; Formal conditions for valid moral principles ; Material conditions for valid moral principles: the content of human ethics ; The structural symmetry between human ethics and environmental ethics ; Biology and ethics ; A note on the ethics of the bioculture --
II: The attitude of respect for nature. Introduction ; The concept of the good of a being ; The concept of inherent worth ; Having and expressing the attitude of respect for nature ; Respect for nature as an ultimate attitude --
III: The biocentric outlook on nature. The biocentric outlook and the attitude of respect for nature ; Humans as members of the Earth's community of life ; The natural world as a system of interdependence ; Individual organisms as teleological centers of life ; The denial of human superiority ; The argument for the biocentric outlook --
IV: The ethical system. The basic rules of conduct ; Priority principles ; The basic standards of virtue --
V: Do animals and plants have rights? Legal rights and moral rights ; Analysis of the assertion of moral rights ; The defeasibility of rights ; Is it logically conceivable for animals and/or plants to have moral rights? ; A modified concept of moral rights --
VI: Competing claims and priority principles. The general problem of competing claims ; Human rights and the inherent worth of nonhumans ; Five priority principles for the fair resolution of conflicting claims: a) The principle of self-defense, b) The principle of proportionality, c) The principle of minimum wrong, d) The principle of distributive justice, e) The principle of restitutive justice ; The ethical ideal of harmony between human civilization and nature ; The normative function of the ethical ideal.
Series Title: Studies in moral, political, and legal philosophy.
Responsibility: Paul W. Taylor.

Abstract:

"Respect for Nature defends a biocentric theory of environmental ethics. Without making claims for the moral rights of plants and animals, Paul Taylor offers a reasoned alternative to the prevailing anthropocentric view, according to which the natural environment and its wild biotic communities are valued only as objects for human use or enjoyment. What rational justification is there for conceiving of all living things as possessing inherent worth? Professor Taylor develops an answer to this question that will interest not only philosophers but biologists, environmentalists, and general readers seriously concerned with environmental issues"--Back cover.

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Taylor's environmental ethic is a substantial and significant one which, among other things, requires that there be harmony between human civilisation and living nature. -- Australasian Journal of Read more...

 
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