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|Description:||xii, 221 pages : maps ; 26 cm.|
|Contents:||1. Theme and objectives. Background and delimitation of the field of study --
2. The ethnographic encounter. Location of field research and criteria for selection. Participant observation. Fieldwork approach --
3. Analytical framework. A functionalist view. An alternative framework. The process of change. The necessity to incorporate the perspective of the Ainu. Self-perception. Advantages of employing an Ainu perspective. The Ainu method of gaining public recognition of their situation. Concepts and definitions: nationalism and culture. Nation. The Ainu view. Minzoku and Moshir as "imagined political communities" The concept of culture. Culture and ethnicity. Ainu ethnicity. Major strategies used by the Ainu for identification. Assimilation, integration and acculturation --
4. The reconstruction of the "traditional" Ainu society. The "traditional" Ainu way of life. The cosmology of the Ainu in its relation to politics and religion. Moshir identity. Ainu polity: group arrangements, social and political. Inheritance. Iyomante. Ainu attitudes to their Ainu heritage --
5. The Ainu in prehistoric and historic time. Ainu origins. Ancient Ainu people, territory and history as described in the historiography of the Wajin. Location of Ainu former Honshu territories. The fate of the Honshu Ainu. Immigration to Ezo, causes and effects. Trade. The historical period preceding the colonization of Ezo: Hokkaido Kaitakushi. The period before Ezo was annexed to Nihon proper. The Basho system --
6. The integration of the Ainu people and their land. The Meiji restoration: Hokkaido. Research into the Ainu and their integration into the larger society. Acculturation as a feature of the policy of assimilation. The process of assimilation: the agrarian failure. The process of assimilation: acculturation in general. Utari Kyokai. Tourism. The Ainu as an international entity --
7. Mr Ainu. Wajin attitudes. Statistics. Mr Shigeru Kayano. Personal history. Nibutani. Data about Nibutani's Ainu population. Nibutani village and its environment. Nibutani's profile. The Sho-gakko. The Kodomo-beya. Chise, Ainu-style houses. The Shiryoka and the Tosho-kan. The Geshuku-ya. The Mise. Discrimination against Nibutani's Ainu population. Strategies of ethnicity. The opinion of Kayano's Ainu antagonists --
8. Summary and conclusion --
Appendix A: A recent interpretation of the Moshir --
Appendix B: Mr Shigeru Kayano --
Appendix C: Glossary of Ainu and Japanese words and concepts.
|Series Title:||Studies in anthropology and history, v. 9.|