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Review of the effectiveness, location, design, and safety of passing lanes in Kansas

Author: Madaniyo MutabaziEugene RussellRobert W StokesK-TRAN (Research program)Kansas. Department of Transportation.All authors
Publisher: [Topeka] : Kansas Dept. of Transportation ; [Springfield, Va.] : [Available through the National Technical Information Service], [1999]
Edition/Format:   Print book : State or province government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Existing passing lanes in place on Kansas highways were studied from an operational and safety perspective. It was found that they generally operated well, improved operational efficiency and were well liked by the public. Determination of highway segments that would need passing lane(s) to improve their operational performance should be accomplished in a two-level process; i.e., Network and Project Level. At the  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Mutabazi, Madaniyo.
Review of the effectiveness, location, design, and safety of passing lanes in Kansas.
[Topeka] : Kansas Dept. of Transportation ; [Springfield, Va. : Available through the National Technical Information Service, 1999]
(OCoLC)855523855
Material Type: Government publication, State or province government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Madaniyo Mutabazi; Eugene Russell; Robert W Stokes; K-TRAN (Research program); Kansas. Department of Transportation.; Kansas State University. Civil Engineering Department.
OCLC Number: 43685000
Notes: "October 1999."
Description: ix, 198 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Contents: Executive summary --
Introduction --
Literature review --
Study method and data collection --
Data analysis and results --
Warrants development --
Conclusions and recommendations --
References --
Appendix: Survey card sample.
Responsibility: by Madaniyo Mutabazi, Eugene R. Russell and Robert W. Stokes.

Abstract:

Existing passing lanes in place on Kansas highways were studied from an operational and safety perspective. It was found that they generally operated well, improved operational efficiency and were well liked by the public. Determination of highway segments that would need passing lane(s) to improve their operational performance should be accomplished in a two-level process; i.e., Network and Project Level. At the Network Level, two-lane rural highway segments that operate at a level-of-service below a predefined acceptable level are identified. At the Project Level, highway segments identified at the network level are ranked for the purpose of prioritization. The number of highway segment passing lane projects to be implemented will depend on the funding level. At the project level, a detailed economic analysis of different passing lane lengths, spacing, and configurations can be undertaken to set parameters with an objective of minimizing percent time delay. Computer simulation using TWOPAS is a valuable tool to use at this level. The location of passing lanes should be planned along with their spacing. The location guidelines are based in part on the results of field studies, engineering judgement, and "common sense." The location guidelines can be grouped into four main considerations: safety, improved traffic performance, a design consistent with driver's expectation, and minimized construction costs. Spacing between any two successive passing lanes is intended to make the passing lanes function as a coordinated system. The effective length of a passing lane depends on traffic volume and composition, passing lane length, and downstream passing opportunities. The report also addresses the geometric elements relating to passing lanes, including lane and taper length and cross sections, and pavement marking and signing.

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