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Review of the MEPAG report on Mars special regions

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.). Committee to Review the MEPAG Report on Mars Special Regions,; European Science Foundation. European Space Sciences Committee,
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, [2015] ©2015
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Planetary protection is a guiding principle in the design of an interplanetary mission, aiming to prevent biological contamination of both the target celestial body and the Earth. The protection of high-priority science goals, the search for life and the understanding of the Martian organic environment may be compromised if Earth microbes carried by spacecraft are grown and spread on Mars. This has led to the  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.). Committee to Review the MEPAG Report on Mars Special Regions,; European Science Foundation. European Space Sciences Committee,
ISBN: 0309379040 9780309379045
OCLC Number: 927376418
Description: xiv, 66 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm
Contents: Planetary protection and Mars special regions --
The assessment of the potential of terrestrial lifeforms to survive and proliferate on Mars in the next 500 years --
Martian geological and mineralogical features potentially related to special regions --
Human spaceflight --
Generalization of special regions and the utility of maps.
Responsibility: Committee to Review the MEPAG Report on Mars Special Regions; Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, Medicine; European Space Sciences Committee, European Science Foundation, Strasbourg, France.

Abstract:

Planetary protection is a guiding principle in the design of an interplanetary mission, aiming to prevent biological contamination of both the target celestial body and the Earth. The protection of high-priority science goals, the search for life and the understanding of the Martian organic environment may be compromised if Earth microbes carried by spacecraft are grown and spread on Mars. This has led to the definition of Special Regions on Mars where strict planetary protection measures have to be applied before a spacecraft can enter these areas. At NASA's request, the community-based Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group (MEPAG) established the Special Regions Science Analysis Group (SR-SAG2) in October 2013 to examine the quantitative definition of a Special Region and proposed modifications to it, as necessary, based upon the latest scientific results. Review of the MEPAG Report on Mars Special Regions reviews the conclusions and recommendations contained in MEPAG's SR-SAG2 report and assesses their consistency with current understanding of both the Martian environment and the physical and chemical limits for the survival and propagation of microbial and other life on Earth. This report provides recommendations for an update of the planetary protection requirements for Mars Special Regions.

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