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The robot's rebellion : finding meaning in the age of Darwin

Author: Keith E Stanovich
Publisher: Chicago : University of Chicago Press, ©2004.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The idea that we might be robots is no longer the stuff of science fiction; decades of research in evolutionary biology and cognitive science have led many esteemed scientists to the conclusion that, according to the precepts of universal Darwinism, humans are merely the hosts for two replicators (genes and memes) that have no interest in us except as conduits for replication. Richard Dawkins, for example, jolted us  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Stanovich, Keith E., 1950-
Robot's rebellion.
Chicago : University of Chicago Press, ©2004
(DLC) 2003018562
(OCoLC)52942713
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Keith E Stanovich
ISBN: 9780226771199 0226771199
OCLC Number: 692205201
Description: 1 online resource (xvi, 358 pages) : illustrations
Contents: What kind of robot is a person? ; Whose goals are served by our behavior? ; All vehicles overboard! ; Your genes care more about you than you should care about them! ; Escaping the clutches of the genes ; The pivotal insight: putting people first --
A brain at war with itself. Two minds in one brain ; The autonomous set of systems (TASS): the parts of your brain that ignore you ; Characterizing the analytic system: avoiding the homunculus problem ; One step at a time: figuring out the way the world is with language ; Hypothetical thinking and representational complexity ; Processing without awareness: there are Martians in your brain! ; When the different kinds of minds conflict: the override function of the analytic system ; The brain on a long leash and the brain on a short leash ; Try it yourself --
Can you override TASS in the famous Four-card selection task and the famous Linda task? ; Don't be sphexish ; Putting the vehicle first by getting the analytic system in the driver's seat --
The robot's secret weapon. Choosing humans over genes: how instrumental rationality and evolutionary adaptation separate ; What it means to be rational: putting the person (the vehicle) first ; Fleshing out instrumental rationality ; Evaluating rationality: Are we getting what we want? The biases of the autonomous brain: characteristics of the short-leash mind that sometimes cause us grief. The dangers of positive thinking: TASS can't "Think of the opposite" ; Now you choose it --
Now you don't: framing effects undermine the notion of human rationality ; Can evolutionary psychology rescue the ideal of human rationality? ; The fundamental computational biases of the autonomous brain ; The evolutionary adaptiveness of the fundamental computational biases ; Evolutionary reinterpretations of responses on heuristics and biases tasks ; The fundamental computational biases and the demands for decontextualization in modern society ; The TASS traps of the modern world --
How evolutionary psychology goes wrong. Modern society as a sodium vapor lamp ; Throwing out the vehicle with the bathwater ; What follows from the fact that Mother Nature isn't nice --
Dysrationalia: Why so many smart people do so many dumb things. Cognitive capacities, thinking dispositions, and levels of analysis ; TASS override and levels of processing ; The great rationality debate: the Panglossian, Apologist, and Meliorist positions contrasted ; Dysrationalia: dissolving the "Smart but acting dumb" paradox ; Would you rather get what you want slowly or get what you don't want much faster? ; Jack and his Jewish problem ; The Panglossian's lament: "If human cognition is so flawed, how come we got to the moon?" From the clutches of the genes into the clutches of the memes. Attack of the memes: the second replicator ; Rationality, science, and meme evaluation ; Reflectively acquired memes: the Neurathian Project of meme evaluation ; Personal autonomy and reflectively acquired memes ; Which memes are good for us? ; Why memes can be especially nasty (Nastier than genes even!) ; The ultimate meme trick: Why your memes want you to hate the idea of memes ; Memetic concepts as tools of self-examination ; Building memeplex self on a level playing field: memetics as an epistemic equalizer ; Evolutionary psychology rejects the notion of free-floating memes ; The co-adapted meme paradox --
A soul without mystery: finding meaning in the age of Darwin. Macromolecules and mystery juice: looking for meaning in all the wrong places ; Is human rationality just an extension of chimpanzee rationality? Context and values in human judgment ; There's more to life than money --
but there's more than happiness too: the experience machine ; Nozick on symbolic utility ; "It's a meaning issue, not a money issue": expressive rationality, ethical preferences, and commitment ; Rising above the humean nexus: evaluating our desires ; Second-order desires and preferences ; Achieving rational integration of desires: forming and reflecting on higher-order preferences ; Why rats, pigeons, and chimps are more rational than humans ; Escaping the rationality of constraint ; Two-tiered rationality evaluation: a legacy of human cognitive architecture ; The spookiness of subpersonal entities ; Desires connected to dollars: another case of spooky subpersonal optimization ; The need for meta-rationality ; The formula for personal autonomy in the face of many subpersonal threats ; Are we up to the task? Finding what to value in our mental lives.
Responsibility: Keith E. Stanovich.

Abstract:

Provides the tools for the robot's rebellion, a program of cognitive reform necessary to advance human interests over the interest of the replicators. The author shows how concepts of rational  Read more...

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"Stanovich offers readers a sweeping tour of theory and research, advancing a programme of 'cognitive reform' that puts human interests first.... By making the point that cognition is optimized at Read more...

 
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