With the end of the Cold War, many of the old threats to European security, particularly the threat of nuclear war, have disappeared. New ones, however, are now emerging. The rise of nationalism, the spread of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons to politically unstable countries, the increase in world population, the debt crisis - all these contribute to security problems which must be resolved. In The Role and Control of Weapons in the 1990s, Frank Barnaby considers the way forward for defence issues as the twentieth century draws to a close. He assesses the possibilities for future European defence and the manner in which the United States, in its role as global superpower, will continue to use that power: will it be prepared to stay in Europe under European leadership, or must it dominate? Barnaby also considers the capabilities offered by new military technology and the outstanding need for control of weapons of mass destruction in the light of the proliferation of ballistic missiles in Third World countries and the possibility that international terrorists will acquire nuclear weapons. Ultimately, he argues for a comprehensive ban on all nuclear weapon tests as an arms control measure. Recent wars have brought home dramatically the destructiveness of modern weapons, and the fast-changing face of Europe raises regional and global security issues which must be resolved. This book will be of great interest to students of international politics, strategic studies and peace studies.