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Roman soldiers and the Roman army : a study of military life from archaeological remains

Author: Rikke D Giles
Publisher: Oxford, England : Archaeopress, 2012.
Series: BAR British series, 562.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"This study combines archaeological material from Romano-British forts located in northern Britain with concepts and methods from the New and Processual schools of archaeological theory in order to learn more about the lives of the inhabitants of those forts. The primary goal of the study was the discovery of activity areas within the forts. Secondary goals included the discovery of possible artifact toolkits used  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: History
Military history
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Rikke D Giles
ISBN: 1407310003 9781407310008
OCLC Number: 808215750
Description: x, 187 pages : maps, plans ; 30 cm.
Contents: Machine generated contents note: ch. 1 Introduction --
ch. 2 Roman Army in Northern Britain --
Flavian Period: Conquest of the North --
Hadrian's Wall --
Antonine Wall --
Campaigns by Septimius Severus --
Peace: the Third Century A.D. --
Reorganization in the Early Fourth Century A.D. --
Fourth and early Fifth Centuries A.D. --
ch. 3 Interpretation and Theory --
Developments in Romano-British Studies --
Beginnings: Antiquaries and Archaeologists in Northern Britain --
First Half of the Twentieth Century: Culture History and Research in the North --
New and Processual Archaeology: A Scientific Approach --
Post Processual Theories: New Trends in Romano-British Archaeology --
Current State of Romano-British Archaeological Theory --
ch. 4 Research Methodology --
Terminology --
Methodology: Basic Research Considerations --
Methodology: The Spatial Dimension --
Roman Forts: the Basics --
Roman Forts: Buildings --
Methodology: The Formal Dimension --
South's Methodology: Functional Groups --
Methodology: The Frequency Dimension --
Methodology: The Relational Dimension --
ch. 5 Artifact Patterns in Forts and Buildings --
Composite Forts: Period Patterns --
Buildings and Areas in the Composite Forts: Patterns of Artifact Loss --
Barracks --
Commander's House --
Headquarters --
Other Buildings --
Areas within the Fort --
Ditches --
Roads --
Intervallum --
Areas Outside the Fort --
Artifact Patterns in Forts and Buildings: Summary --
ch. 6 Patterns in Functional Groups --
Kitchen/Food Group --
Utilitarian Group --
Clothing Group --
Commerce Group --
Military Group --
Transportation Group --
Health Care Group --
Religion Group --
Animal Group --
Patterns In Functional Groups: Summary --
ch. 7 Further Questions --
Women in Roman Forts --
Status in Roman Forts --
Summary --
ch. 8 Conclusions --
Methodology --
Results --
Functional Group Patterns --
Functional Group Patterns Analyzed by Period --
Questions of Status and Gender --
Older Excavation Reports --
Problems of Scale and Natural Transforms --
Future Research --
Appendix 1 Roman Emperors and Governors of Britannia --
Appendix 2 Forts Included in This Study --
Appendix 3 Attributes in the Database --
Appendix 4 Excavation Information and Site Gazetteer --
Excavation Information --
Site Gazetteer --
Ardoch --
Bar Hill --
Bewcastle --
Birrens --
Carpow --
Carrawburgh --
Castledykes --
Cramond --
Crawford --
Fendoch --
Hardknott --
Housesteads --
Mumrills --
Newcastle --
Newcastle (cont) --
Rough Castle --
Strageath --
Wallsend --
Appendix 5 Tables of Data --
Abbreviations/Notations --
Buildings and Areas --
Functional Groups --
Tables of Data: Composite Forts --
Tables of Data: Functional Sub-Group Patterns in the AP Composite Fort --
Appendix 6 Glossary.
Series Title: BAR British series, 562.
Responsibility: Rikke D. Giles.

Abstract:

"This study combines archaeological material from Romano-British forts located in northern Britain with concepts and methods from the New and Processual schools of archaeological theory in order to learn more about the lives of the inhabitants of those forts. The primary goal of the study was the discovery of activity areas within the forts. Secondary goals included the discovery of possible artifact toolkits used in and around the forts and the utilization of information from older excavation reports; it was hoped that computerizing this data would make it more accessible and useful to modern scholars. History and chronology, much of which is based solely upon archaeology, is discussed in Chapter 2 to remind readers of the background information necessary to understand the results of this study. Chapter 3 contains a brief chronological overview of the development of archaeological method and theory concerning northern Roman Britain and corresponding schools of archaeological theory in Britain and the United States. The limitations of the excavation reports used in this study are explained more fully in Chapter 4, and the solutions which were used to circumvent at least partially these limitations are found in Chapters 5 and 6. Chapter 7 shows some aspects of the utility of the database developed for this study by examining the possibility of women living within the forts and the status of those using the various buildings of the forts. Chapter 8 presents the author's conclusions."--Publisher description from Website, Sept. 11, 2012, based on the author's introduction.

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