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Rules of thumb for chemical engineers : a manual of quick, accurate solutions to everyday process engineering problems

Author: Carl Branan
Publisher: Amsterdam ; Boston : Elsevier, ©2005.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 4th edView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
From the Publisher: This new edition of the most complete handbook for chemical and process engineers incorporates the latest information for engineers and practitioners who depend on it as a working tool. New material explores the recent trends and updates of gas treating and fractionator computer solutions analysis. Substantial additions to this edition include a new section on gasification that reflects the many  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Handbooks and manuals
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Guides, manuels, etc
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Carl Branan
ISBN: 0750678569 9780750678568
OCLC Number: 60500398
Description: xi, 479 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Contents: Section 1: Equipment Design --
1: Fluid flow --
Velocity head --
Full plant piping --
Partially full horizontal pipes --
Equivalent length --
Recommended velocities --
Two-phase flow --
Compressible flow-short (plant) lines --
Compressible flow-long pipelines --
Sonic velocity --
Metering --
Control valves --
Safety relief valves --
2: Heat exchangers --
TEMA --
Selection guides --
Pressure drop shell and tube --
Temperature difference --
Shell diameter --
Shellside velocity maximum --
Nozzle velocity maximum --
Heat transfer coefficients --
Fouling resistances --
Metal resistances --
Vacuum condensers --
Air-cooled heat exchangers: forced vs induced draft --
Air-cooled heat exchangers: pressure drop air side --
Air-cooled heat exchangers: rough rating --
Air-cooled heat exchangers: temperature control --
Miscellaneous rules of thumb --
3: Fractionators --
Introduction --
Relative volatility --
Minimum reflux --
Minimum stages --
Actual reflux and actual theoretical stages --
Reflux to feed ratio --
Actual trays --
Graphical methods --
Tray efficiency --
Diameter of bubble cap trays --
Diameter of sieve/valve trays (F factor) --
Diameter of sieve/valve trays (Smith) --
Diameter of sieve/valve trays (Lieberman) --
Diameter of ballast trays --
Diameter of fractionators, general --
Control schemes --
Optimization techniques --
Reboilers --
Packed columns --
4: Absorbers --
Introduction --
Hydrocarbon absorber design --
Hydrocarbon absorbers, optimization --
Inorganic type --
5: Pumps --
Affinity laws --
Horsepower --
Efficiency --
Minimum flow --
General suction system --
Suction system NPSH available --
Suction system NPSH for studies --
Suction system NPSH with dissolved gas --
Larger impeller --
Construction materials --
6: Compressors --
Ranges of application --
Generalized Z --
Generalized K --
Horsepower calculation --
Efficiency --
Temperature rise --
Surge controls --
7: Drivers --
Motors: efficiency --
Motors: starter sizes --
Motors: service factor --
Motors: useful equations --
Motors: relative costs --
Motors: overloading --
Steam turbines: steam rate --
Steam turbines: efficiency --
Gas turbines: fuel rates --
Gas engines: fuel rates --
Gas expanders: available energy --
8: Separators/accumulators --
Liquid residence time --
Vapor residence time --
Vapor/liquid calculation method --
Estimating equilibria --
Liquid/liquid calculation method --
Pressure drop --
Vessel thickness --
Gas scrubbers --
Reflux drums --
General vessel design tips. 9: Boilers --
Power plants --
Controls --
Thermal efficiency --
Stack gas enthalpy --
Stack gas quantity --
Steam drum stability --
Deaerator venting --
Water alkalinity --
Blowdown control --
Impurities in water --
Conductivity versus dissolved solids --
Silica in steam --
Caustic embrittlement --
Waste heat --
10: Cooling towers --
System balances --
Temperature data --
Performance --
Performance estimate: a case history --
Transfer units --
Section 2: Process Design --
11: Refrigeration --
Types of systems --
Estimating horsepower per ton --
Horsepower and condenser duty for specific refrigerants --
Refrigerant replacements --
Ethylene/propylene cascaded system --
Steam jet type utilities requirements --
Ammonia absorption type utilities requirements --
12: Gasification / Chris Higman --
What is gasification? --
Gasification theory --
Feedstocks for gasification --
Features of gasification systems --
Commercial gasification systems --
Trace components in gasifier syngas --
13: Gas treating / updated by Chris Higman --
Introduction --
Gas treating processes --
Chemical solvent processes --
Physical solvent processes --
Physical/chemical solvent processes --
Biological processes --
Solid bed scavengers --
Membranes --
14: Vacuum systems --
Vacuum jets --
Typical jet systems --
Steam supply --
Measuring air leakage --
Time to evacuate --
Design recommendations --
Ejector specification sheet --
15: Pneumatic conveying --
Type of systems --
Differential pressures --
Equipment sizing --
16: Blending --
Single-stage mixers --
Multistage mixers --
Gas/liquid contacting --
Liquid/liquid mixing --
Liquid/solid mixing --
Mixer applications --
Shrouded blending nozzle --
Vapor formation rate for tank filling. Section 3: Plant Design --
17: Process evaluation --
Introduction --
Study definition --
Process definition --
Battery limits specifications --
Offsite specifications --
Capital investments --
Operating costs --
Economics --
Financing --
18: Reliability --
19: Metallurgy --
Embrittlement --
Stress-corrosion cracking --
Hydrogen attack --
Pitting corrosion --
Creep and creep-rupture life --
Metal dusting --
Naphthenic acid corrosion --
Fuel ash corrosion --
Thermal fatigue --
Abrasive wear --
Pipeline toughness --
Common corrosion mistakes --
20: Safety --
Estimating LEL and flash --
Tank blanketing --
Equipment purging --
Static charge from fluid flow --
Mixture flammability --
Relief manifolds --
Natural ventilation --
21: Controls --
Introduction --
Extra capacity for process control --
Controller limitations --
False economy --
Definitions of control modes --
Control mode comparisons --
Control mode vs application --
Pneumatic vs electronic controls --
Process chromatographs --
Section 4: Operations --
22: Troubleshooting --
Introduction --
Fractionation: initial checklists --
Fractionation: troubleshooting checklist --
Fractionation: operating problems --
Fractionation: mechanical problems --
Fractionation: getting ready for troubleshooting --
Fractionation: "normal" parameters --
Fluid flow --
Refrigeration --
Firetube heaters --
Safety relief valves --
Gas treating --
Compressors --
Measurement --
23: Startup --
Introduction --
Settings for controls --
Probable causes of trouble in controls --
Checklists --
24: Energy conservation --
Target excess oxygen --
Stack heat loss --
Stack gas dew point --
Equivalent fuel values --
Heat recovery systems --
Process efficiency --
Steam traps --
Gas expanders --
Fractionation --
Insulating materials --
25: Shortcut methods for decisions --
Introduction --
Study problem --
Conclusions --
26: Process modeling using linear programming --
Process modeling using linear programming --
27: Properties --
Introduction --
Approximate physical properties --
Liquid viscosity --
Relative humidity --
Surface tension --
Gas diffusion coefficients --
Water and hydrocarbons --
Natural gas hydrate temperature --
Inorganic gases in petroleum --
Foam density --
Equivalent diameter --
Autoignition temperature --
Gibbs free energy of formation --
New refrigerants --
28: Approximate conversion factors --
Approximate conversion factors --
Appendixes --
Appendix 1: Shortcut equipment design methods-overview --
Appendix 2: Geographic information systems --
Appendix 3: Archimedes' method goes modern --
Appendix 4: Process safety management --
Appendix 5: Do-it-yourself shortcut methods --
Appendix 6: Overview for engineering students --
Appendix 7: Guidelines for equipment decisions --
Appendix 8: Process specification sheets --
Vessel data sheet --
Shell and tube exchanger data sheet --
Double pipe (G-fin) exchanger data sheet --
Air-cooled (fin-fan) exchanger data sheet --
Direct fired heater data sheet --
Centrifugal pump (horizontal or vertical) data sheet --
Pump (vertical turbine-can or propeller) data sheet --
Tank data sheet --
Cooling tower data sheet --
Index.
Responsibility: Carl R. Branan, editor.

Abstract:

Explores the trends in gas treating and fractionator computer solutions analysis. This book provides engineers with hundreds of common sense techniques, shortcuts, and calculations to quickly and  Read more...

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"Branan's useful and convenient handbook for chemical and process engineers (at a bargain price) will be much appreciated by students and practitioners..." American Reference Books Annual "...this Read more...

 
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