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Running behavioral studies with human participants : a practical guide

Autore: Frank E Ritter
Editore: Los Angeles : SAGE, ©2013.
Edizione/Formato:   book_printbook : EnglishVedi tutte le edizioni e i formati
Banca dati:WorldCat
Sommario:
This text provides a concrete roadmap for the design and implimentation of experiments using human participants. It covers both conceptual and practical issues that are critical to experimental methods and the organization of the book follows the standard process in experiment-based research. Both students and instructors will find this book accessible and easy to use. The detailed guidance on each step of an  Per saperne di più…
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Tipo documento: Book
Tutti gli autori / Collaboratori: Frank E Ritter
ISBN: 9781452217420 1452217424
Numero OCLC: 794032645
Descrizione: xx, 183 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Contenuti: 1 Introduction 1 --
1.1 Background 1 --
1.2 Overview of the Research Process 5 --
1.3 Overview of the Running Examples 11 --
1.4 Further Readings 15 --
1.5 Questions 16 --
Summary Questions 16 --
Thought Questions 17 --
2 Preparation for Running Experiments 19 --
2.1 Reading Literature in the Area 19 --
2.2 Preparing the Apparatus and Materials, Design, and Procedure Through Piloting 21 --
2.2.1 Care, Control, Use, and Maintenance of Apparatus 22 --
2.2.2 The Testing Facility 26 --
2.2.3 Choice of Dependent Measures: Performance, Time, Actions, Errors, Verbal Protocols, and Other Measures 28 --
2.2.4 Plan Data Collection With Analysis in Mind 34 --
2.2.5 Run Analyses With Pilot Data 36 --
2.2.6 Write About Your Experiment Before Running 37 --
2.3 Preparing for Recruiting 37 --
2.3.1 Choice of a Term: Participants or Subjects 37 --
2.3.2 Recruiting Participants 39 --
2.3.3 Subject Pools and Class-Based Participation 41 --
2.4 Institutional Review Board (IRB) 43 --
2.4.1 What Needs IRB Approval? 44 --
2.4.2 Preparing an IRB Submission 46 --
2.5 Preparing to Run the Low Vision HCI Study 48 --
2.6 Preparing to Run the HRI Study 52 --
2.7 Conclusion 53 --
2.8 Further Readings 54 --
2.9 Questions 55 --
Summary Questions 55 --
Thought Questions 56 --
3 Potential Ethical Problems 57 --
3.1 Preamble: A Simple Study That Hurt Somebody 59 --
3.2 The History and Role of Ethics Reviews 60 --
3.3 Recruiting Subjects 61 --
3.4 Coerning Subjects 61 --
3.5 Risks, Costs, and Benefits of Participation 62 --
3.6 Sensitive Data 63 --
3.7 Plagiarism 66 --
3.8 Fraud 66 --
3.9 Conflicts of Interest 67 --
3.10 Authorship and Data Ownership 68 --
3.11 Interpersonal Conflicts Within a Research Team 69 --
3.12 Potential Ethical Problems in the Low Vision HCI Study 71 --
3.13 Potential Ethical Problems in the Multilingual Fonts Study 73 --
3.14 Conclusion 75 --
3.15 Further Readings 75 --
3.16 Questions 76 --
Summary Questions 76 --
Thought Questions 76 --
4 Risks to Validity to Avoid While Running an Experiment 79 --
4.1 Validity Defined: Internal, External, Construct, and Surface 81 --
4.2 Risks to Internal Validity 83 --
4.2.1 Power: How Many Participants? 84 --
4.2.2 Experimenter Effects 86 --
4.2.3 Participant Effects 87 --
4.2.4 Demand Characteristics 88 --
4.2.5 Equipment and Setup Effects 89 --
4.2.6 Randomization and Counterbalancing 89 --
4.2.7 Abandoning the Task 91 --
4.3 Risks to External Validity 92 --
4.3.1 Task Fidelity 92 --
4.3.2 Representativeness of Your Sample 94 --
4.4 Avoiding Risks in the Multilingual Fonts Study 95 --
4.5 Avoiding Risks in the HRI Study 96 --
4.6 Conclusion 97 --
4.7 Further Readings 97 --
4.8 Questions 98 --
Summary Questions 98 --
Thought Questions 98 --
5 Running a Research Session 99 --
5.1 Preparing to Run a Research Session 99 --
5.1.1 Preparing the Space for Your Study 99 --
5.1.2 Piloting 102 --
5.1.3 Experimental Dress Code 103 --
5.1.4 Preparing and Using a Script 104 --
5.1.5 Before Subjects Arrive 104 --
5.2 Running a Research Session 106 --
5.2.1 Welcome 106 --
5.2.2 Talking With Subjects 106 --
5.2.3 Concluding a Session 108 --
5.2.4 Running Simulated Subjects 112 --
5.3 Other Issues 112 --
5.3.1 Missing Subjects 112 --
5.3.2 Other Problems and How to Deal With Them 113 --
5.3.3 Chance for Insights 114 --
5.4 Running the Low Vision HCI Study 115 --
5.5 Running the Multilingual Fonts Study 116 --
5.6 Running the HRI Study 117 --
5.7 Conclusion 118 --
5.8 Further Readings 118 --
5.9 Questions 119 --
Summary Questions 119 --
Thought Questions 119 --
6 Concluding a Study 121 --
6.1 Data Care, Security, and Privacy 121 --
6.2 Data Backup 122 --
6.3 Data Analysis 123 --
6.3.1 Documenting the Analysis Process 123 --
6.3.2 Descriptive and Inferential Statistics 124 --
6.3.3 Planned Versus Exploratory Data Analysis 127 --
6.3.4 Displaying Your Data 127 --
6.4 Communicating Your Results 128 --
6.4.1 Research Outlets 128 --
6.4.2 The Writing Process 129 --
6.5 Concluding the Low Vision HCI Study 130 --
6.6 Concluding the Multilingual Fonts Study 131 --
6.7 Concluding the HRI Study 132 --
6.8 Conclusion 133 --
6.9 Further Readings 133 --
6.10 Questions 134 --
Summary Questions 134 --
Thought Questions 134.
Responsabilità: Frank Ritter [and others].

Abstract:

This text provides a concrete roadmap for the design and implementation of experiments using human participants. It covers both conceptual and practical issues that are critical to experimental  Per saperne di più…

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