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Russian : elementary course. Book 1

by Nina Filippovna Potapova

  Print book  |  3rd ed

Nina really loves Russian   (2014-02-02)

Excellent

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by sksk999

Keyed in the textbook and found no

misspelling; edited in 1954.  УРОК 23<sup>а</sup>

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 Grammar:

     The Declension of Nouns:

          The Nominative Case;  its functions.

          The Prepositional Case; its meaning and use.

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<sup> </sup>

ГРАММАТИКА   GRAMMAR

The  Declension  of  Nouns

              The Russian noun changes its ending according to its function in the sentence and it relation to other words.  The form which the Russian noun takes in the sentence is called the case.  A change in the form of the noun is called inflexion or declension.  (Compare with the English language in which only one case is inflected – the Possessive: My brother’s book).

There are six cases in Russian.  Each case has its own name and each answers a definite question, namely:

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Падеж

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Вопрос

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Case

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Question

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1

2

3

4

5

6

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Именительный

Родительный

Дательный

Винительный

Творительный

Предложный

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Кто?     Что?

Кого?   Чего?

Кому?  Чему?

Кого?    Что?

Кем?    Чем?

О ком? О чём?

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Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Instrumental

Prepositional

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Who?         What?

of whom?     of what?

to whom?     to what?

Whom?       What?

by whom    with what?

about whom?  about what?

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