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Sample preparation handbook for transmission electron microscopy : techniques

Verfasser/in: Jeanne Ayache
Verlag: New York : Springer, ©2010.
Ausgabe/Format   E-Book : Dokument : EnglischAlle Ausgaben und Formate anzeigen
Datenbank:WorldCat
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This is the second in a two-volume handbook on sample preparation for the transmission electron microscope. It describes 14 different preparation techniques, including 22 detailed protocols for  Weiterlesen…

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Gattung/Form: Electronic books
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Physisches Format Print version:
Sample preparation handbook for transmission electron microscopy.
New York : Springer, ©2010
(OCoLC)495781754
Medientyp: Dokument, Internetquelle
Dokumenttyp: Internet-Ressource, Computer-Datei
Alle Autoren: Jeanne Ayache
ISBN: 9781441959744 1441959742 9781441959751 1441959750
OCLC-Nummer: 663096121
Beschreibung: 1 online resource (xxv, 338 pages) : illustrations
Inhalt: Note continued: 5.4. Spectroscopic Contrast Imaging Modes in TEM and TEM/STEM --
5.5. EDS Chemical Analysis Methods in TEM and TEM/STEM --
5.6. EELS Spectroscopic Analysis Modes in TEM and TEM/STEM --
6. Conclusion and Information Assessment --
Bibliography --
4. Materials Problems and Approaches for TEM and TEM/STEM Analyses --
1. Introduction --
2. Analyses Conducted Prior to TEM Analyses --
2.1. Macroscopic Characterization --
2.2. Microscopic Characterization --
2.3. Microscopic and Nanoscopic Characterization --
3. Approach for Beginning the Investigation of a Material --
4. Selection of the Type of TEM Analysis --
5. Analysis of Topography --
6. Structural Analysis in TEM --
6.1. Morphology and Structure of Materials --
6.2. Atomic Structure --
7. Crystallographic Analysis --
8. Analysis of Crystal Defects: 1D (Dislocations), 2D (Grain Boundaries and Interfaces), and 3D (Precipitates) --
9. EDS Chemical Analysis and EELS Spectroscopic Analysis --
9.1. Phase Identification and Distribution --
9.2. Concentration Profiles and Interface Analysis --
10. Structural Analyses Under Special Conditions --
10.1. In Situ Analyses --
10.2. Cryomicroscopy --
11. Study of Properties --
11.1. Optical Properties --
11.2. Electrical Properties --
11.3. Electronic Properties --
11.4. Magnetic Properties --
11.5. Mechanical Properties --
11.6. Chemical Properties --
11.7. Functional Properties --
12. Relationship Between Sample Thickness and Analysis Type in TEM and TEM/STEM --
13. Assessment of TEM Analyses --
5. Physical and Chemical Mechanisms of Preparation Techniques --
1. Introduction --
2. Mechanical Action --
2.1. Principles of a Material's Mechanical Behavior --
2.2. Abrasion Principle --
2.3. Rupture Principles --
3. Chemical Action --
3.1. Principle of Chemical and Electrochemical Dissolution --
4. Ionic Action. Note continued: 4.1. Ionic Abrasion Principles --
4.2. Techniques Involving Ion Abrasion --
5. Actions Resulting in a State Change of Materials Containing an Aqueous Phase --
5.1. Elimination of the Aqueous Phase --
5.2. Freezing Principles --
5.3. Principle of Substitution, Infiltration, and Embedding in Cryogenic Mode --
5.4. Cryo-sublimation (or Freeze-Drying) Principle --
6. Actions Resulting in a Change in Material Properties --
6.1. Chemical Fixation Principles --
6.2. Dehydration Principles --
6.3. Infiltration Principles --
6.4. Embedding or Inclusion Principles --
6.5. "Positive-Staining" Contrast Principles --
7. Physical Actions Resulting in Deposition --
7.1. Physical Deposition --
7.2. Physics of the Coating Process --
7.3. Techniques Involving a Physical Deposition: Continuous or Holey Thin Film, Contrast Enhancement by Shadowing or Decoration, Replicas, and Freeze Fracture --
Bibliography --
Mechanical Action --
Chemical Action --
Ionic Action --
Actions Resulting in a State Change of Materials Containing an Aqueous Phase --
Actions Resulting in a Change in Material Properties --
Physical Actions Resulting in a Deposit --
6. Artifacts in Transmission Electron Microscopy --
1. Introduction --
2. Preparation-Induced Artifacts --
2.1. Mechanical Preparation-Induced Artifacts --
2.2. Ionic Preparation-Induced Artifacts --
2.3. Chemical Preparation-Induced Artifacts --
2.4. Physical Preparation-Induced Artifacts --
3. Artifacts Induced During TEM Observation --
3.1. Artifacts Not Linked to Thermal Damages --
3.2. Secondary Thermal Damage --
4. Examples of Artifacts --
4.1. Artifacts Induced by the Tripod Polishing Technique --
4.2. Artifacts Induced by the Ultramicrotomy Technique --
4.3. Artifacts Induced by the Freeze-Fracture Technique --
4.4. Artifacts Induced by Ion Milling or FIB. Note continued: 4.5. Artifacts Induced by the Substitution-Infiltration-Embedding Technique --
4.6. Artifacts Induced by Chemical Fixation --
4.7. Artifacts Induced by the Extractive-Replica Technique --
4.8. Artifacts Induced by the Shadowing Technique --
4.9. Artifacts Induced by the "Positive-Staining" Contrast Technique --
4.10. Artifacts Induced by the Cryofixation Technique --
4.11. Artifacts Induced by the Fine Particle Dispersion Technique --
4.12. Artifacts Induced by the Frozen-Hydrated-Film Technique --
4.13. Artifacts Induced by the "Negative-Staining" Contrast Technique --
4.14. Artifacts Induced by the Electron Beam --
5. Summary Tables --
Bibliography --
7. Selection of Preparation Techniques Based on Material Problems and TEM Analyses --
1. Introduction --
2. Classification of Preparation Techniques --
3. Characteristics of Preparation Techniques --
4. Criteria Used to Select a Preparation Technique --
5. Selection Criteria Based on Material Type --
6. Selection Criteria Based on Material Organization --
6.1. Bulk Materials --
6.2. Single-Layer or Multilayer Materials --
6.3. Fine Particles --
7. Selection Criteria Based on Material Properties --
7.1. Based on the Physical State of the Material --
7.2. Based on the Chemical Phases in the Material --
7.3. Based on the Electrical Properties of the Material --
7.4. Based on the Mechanical Properties of the Material --
8. Selection Criteria Related to the Type of TEM Analysis --
8.1. Preparation Techniques --
9. Selection of the Orientation of the Sample Section --
9.1. Microstructure Geometry --
9.2. Defect Geometry --
10. Selection Criteria Related to Artifacts Induced by the Preparation Technique --
11. Adaptation of the Technique Based on Problems Related to Observation --
11.1. Reducing Sample Thickness --
11.2. Increasing Contrast --
11.3. Reducing Charge Effects. Note continued: 11.4. Limitation of Strain Hardening --
11.5. Removal of Surface Amorphization --
11.6. Removal of Surface Contamination --
11.7. Final Cleaning of the Thin Slice --
12. Conclusion --
Bibliography --
8. Comparisons of Techniques --
1. Introduction --
2. Examples Using Fine Particle Materials --
2.1. Comparison of Mechanical Preparations and Replicas --
2.2. Comparison of "Negative-Staining" Contrast and Freeze-Fracture Techniques --
2.3. Comparison of "Negative-Staining" and Decoration-Shadowing Contrast Techniques --
2.4. Comparison of "Positive-Staining" and Decoration Shadowing Contrast Techniques --
3. Examples Using Bulk or Multilayer Materials --
3.1. Comparison Between Different Mechanical Preparations --
3.2. Comparison Between Mechanical Preparations and Ionic Preparations --
3.3. Comparison Between Mechanical Preparations and Electrolytic Preparations --
3.4. Comparison Between Techniques Specific to Biology --
3.5. Comparison Between All Techniques That Can Be Used in Biology on One Example: Collagen --
Bibliography --
9. Conclusion: What Is a Good Sample? --
1. Techniques: General Introduction --
2. Preliminary Preparation Techniques --
1. Sawing --
1.1. Principle --
1.2. Operating Mode --
1.3. Variants --
1.4. Advantages --
1.5. Limitations --
1.6. Compatible Techniques --
1.7. Risks --
1.8. Conclusion --
2. Ultrasonic Cutting --
2.1. Principle --
2.2. Operating Mode --
2.3. Variants --
2.4. Advantages --
2.5. Limitations --
2.6. Compatible Techniques --
2.7. Risks --
2.8. Conclusion --
3. Mechanical Polishing --
3.1. Principle --
3.2. Operating Mode --
3.3. Variants --
3.4. Advantages --
3.5. Limitations --
3.6. Compatible Techniques --
3.7. Risks --
3.8. Conclusion --
4. Dimpling --
4.1. Principle --
4.2. Operating Mode --
4.3. Variants --
4.4. Advantages. Note continued: 4.5. Limitations --
4.6. Compatible Techniques --
4.7. Risks --
4.8. Conclusion --
5. Electropolishing --
5.1. Principle --
5.2. Operating Mode --
5.3. Variants --
5.4. Advantages --
5.5. Limitations --
5.6. Compatible Techniques --
5.7. Risks --
5.8. Conclusion --
6. Chemical Polishing --
6.1. Principle --
6.2. Operating Mode --
6.3. Variants --
6.4. Advantages --
6.5. Limitations --
6.6. Compatible Techniques --
6.7. Risks --
6.8. Conclusion --
7. Sandwich Technique --
7.1. Principle --
7.2. Operating Mode --
7.3. Variants --
7.4. Advantages --
7.5. Limitations --
7.6. Compatible Techniques --
7.7. Risks --
7.8. Conclusion --
8. Embedding --
8.1. Principle --
8.2. Operating Mode --
8.3. Variants --
8.4. Advantages --
8.5. Limitations --
8.6. Compatible Techniques --
8.7. Risks --
8.8. Conclusion --
9. Substitution-Infiltration-Embedding at Room Temperature --
9.1. Principle --
9.2. Operating Mode --
9.3. Variants --
9.4. Advantages --
9.5. Limitations --
9.6. Compatible Techniques --
9.7. Risks --
9.8. Conclusion --
10. Substitution-Infiltration-Embedding at Low Temperatures --
10.1. Principle --
10.2. Operating Mode --
10.3. Variants --
10.4. Advantages --
10.5. Limitations --
10.6. Compatible Techniques --
10.7. Risks --
10.8. Conclusion --
11. Chemical Fixation --
11.1. Principle --
11.2. Operating Mode --
11.3. Variants --
11.4. Advantages --
11.5. Limitations --
11.6. Compatible Techniques --
11.7. Risks --
11.8. Conclusion --
12. Physical Fixation: Cryo-fixation --
12.1. Principle --
12.2. Operating Mode --
12.3. Variants --
12.4. Advantages --
12.5. Limitations --
12.6. Compatible Techniques --
12.7. Risks --
12.8. Conclusion --
13. Continuous Support Films --
13.1. Principle. Note continued: 13.2. Operating Mode --
13.3. Variant --
13.4. Advantages --
13.5. Limitations --
13.6. Compatible Techniques --
13.7. Risks --
13.8. Conclusion --
14. Holey Support Films --
14.1. Principle --
14.2. Operating Mode --
14.3. Variant --
14.4. Advantages --
14.5. Limitations --
14.6. Compatible Techniques --
14.7. Risks --
14.8. Conclusion --
Bibliography --
3. Thinning Preparation Techniques --
1. Twin-Jet Electrolytic Thinning --
1.1. Principle --
1.2. Operating Mode --
1.3. Variants --
1.4. Advantages --
1.5. Limitations --
1.6. Artifacts --
1.7. Type of Analysis --
1.8. Risks --
1.9. Conclusion --
2. Full-Bath Electrolytic Thinning ("Window Technique") --
2.1. Principle --
2.2. Operating Mode --
2.3. Variants --
2.4. Advantages --
2.5. Limitations --
2.6. Artifacts --
2.7. Type of Analysis --
2.8. Risks --
2.9. Conclusion --
3. Twin-Jet Chemical Thinning --
3.1. Principle --
3.2. Operating Mode --
3.3. Variants --
3.4. Advantages --
3.5. Limitations --
3.6. Artifacts --
3.7. Type of Analysis --
3.8. Risks --
3.9. Conclusion --
4. Full-Bath Chemical Thinning ("Window Technique") --
4.1. Principle --
4.2. Operating Mode --
4.3. Variants --
4.4. Advantages --
4.5. Limitations --
4.6. Artifacts --
4.7. Type of Analysis --
4.8. Risks --
4.9. Conclusion --
5. Ion Milling --
5.1. Principle --
5.2. Operating Mode --
5.3. Variants --
5.4. Advantages --
5.5. Limitations --
5.6. Artifacts --
5.7. Type of Analysis --
5.8. Risks --
5.9. Conclusion --
6. Focused Ion Beam Thinning (FIB) --
6.1. Principle --
6.2. Operating Mode --
6.3. Variants --
6.4. Advantages --
6.5. Limitations --
6.6. Artifacts --
6.7. Type of Analysis --
6.8. Risks --
6.9. Conclusion --
Bibliography --
4. Mechanical Preparation Techniques. Note continued: 1. Crushing --
1.1. Principle --
1.2. Operating Mode --
1.3. Variants --
1.4. Advantages --
1.5. Limitations --
1.6. Artifacts --
1.7. Type of Analysis --
1.8. Risks --
1.9. Conclusion --
2. Wedge Cleavage --
2.1. Principle --
2.2. Operating Mode --
2.3. Variants --
2.4. Advantages --
2.5. Limitations --
2.6. Artifacts --
2.7. Type of Analysis --
2.8. Risks --
2.9. Conclusion --
3. Tripod Polishing --
3.1. Principle --
3.2. Operating Mode --
3.3. Variants --
3.4. Advantages --
3.5. Limitations --
3.6. Artifacts --
3.7. Type of Analysis --
3.8. Risks --
3.9. Conclusion --
4. Ultramicrotomy --
4.1. Principle --
4.2. Operating Mode --
4.3. Variants --
4.4. Advantages --
4.5. Limitations --
4.6. Artifacts --
4.7. Type of Analysis --
4.8. Risks --
4.9. Conclusion --
5. Cryo-ultramicrotomy --
5.1. Principle --
5.2. Operating Mode --
5.3. Variants --
5.4. Advantage --
5.5. Limitations --
5.6. Artifacts --
5.7. Type of Analysis --
5.8. Risks --
5.9. Conclusion --
Bibliography --
5. Replica Techniques --
1. Direct Replica Technique --
1.1. Principle --
1.2. Operating Mode --
1.3. Variants --
1.4. Advantages --
1.5. Limitations --
1.6. Artifacts --
1.7. Type of Analysis --
1.8. Risks --
1.9. Conclusion --
2. Indirect Replica --
2.1. Principle --
2.2. Operating Mode --
2.3. Variants --
2.4. Advantages --
2.5. Limitations --
2.6. Artifacts --
2.7. Type of Analysis --
2.8. Risks --
2.9. Conclusion --
3. Extractive Replica --
3.1. Principle --
3.2. Operating Mode --
3.3. Variants --
3.4. Advantages --
3.5. Limitations --
3.6. Artifacts --
3.7. Type of Analysis --
3.8. Risks --
3.9. Conclusion --
4. Freeze Fracture --
4.1. Principle --
4.2. Operating Mode --
4.3. Variants --
4.4. Advantages. Note continued: 4.5. Limitations --
4.6. Artifacts --
4.7. Type of Analysis --
4.8. Risks --
4.9. Conclusion --
Bibliography --
6. Techniques Specific to Fine Particles --
1. Dispersion of Fine Particle Materials --
1.1. Principle --
1.2. Operating Mode --
1.3. Variants --
1.4. Advantages --
1.5. Limitations --
1.6. Artifacts --
1.7. Type of Analysis --
1.8. Risks --
1.9. Conclusion --
2. Frozen Hydrated Film of Single Particles --
2.1. Principle --
2.2. Operating Mode --
2.3. Variants --
2.4. Advantages --
2.5. Limitations --
2.6. Artifacts --
2.7. Type of Analysis --
2.8. Risks --
2.9. Conclusion --
Bibliography --
7. Contrast Enhancement and Labeling Techniques --
1. Decoration Shadowing --
1.1. Principle --
1.2. Operating Mode --
1.3. Variants --
1.4. Advantages --
1.5. Limitations --
1.6. Artifacts --
1.7. Type of Analysis --
1.8. Risks --
1.9. Conclusion --
2. Negative Staining --
2.1. Principle --
2.2. Operating Mode --
2.3. Variants --
2.4. Advantages --
2.5. Limitations --
2.6. Artifacts --
2.7. Type of Analysis --
2.8. Risks --
2.9. Conclusion --
3. Positive Staining --
3.1. Principle --
3.2. Operating Mode --
3.3. Variants --
3.4. Advantages --
3.5. Limitations --
3.6. Artifacts --
3.7. Type of Analysis --
3.8. Risks --
3.9. Conclusion --
4. Immunolabeling --
4.1. Principle --
4.2. Operating Mode --
4.3. Variants --
4.4. Advantages --
4.5. Limitations --
4.6. Artifacts --
4.7. Type of Analysis --
4.8. Risks --
4.9. Conclusion --
Bibliography.
Verfasserangabe: Jeanne Ayache [and others] ; foreword by Ron Anderson.
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