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Sanskrit grammar

Author: William Dwight Whitney
Publisher: Mineola, N.Y. : Dover Publications, 2003.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"As Latin is key to the study of Western classics, so Sanskrit is the language of ancient Indian literature. This guide begins with an introduction to the Sanskrit alphabet, followed by a treatment of the accent -- its changes in combination, inflection, and tone. Succeeding chapters discuss declension, conjugation, parts of speech, more."--BOOK JACKET.
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: William Dwight Whitney
ISBN: 0486431363 9780486431369
OCLC Number: 52240187
Language Note: In English and Sanskrit.
Notes: "Unabridged reprint of the third edition of A Sanskrit grammar, including both the classical language, and the older dialects, of Veda and Brahmana, originally published by Ginn and Company, Boston, 1896"--Title page verso.
Includes index.
Description: xxiii, 551 pages ; 22 cm
Contents: I.. Alphabet --
II.. System of Sounds; Pronunciation --
Vowels --
Consonants --
Quantity --
Accent --
III.. Rules of Euphonic Combination --
Principles --
Rules of Vowel Combination --
Permitted Finals --
Deaspiration --
Surd and Sonant Assimilation --
Combinations of Final s and r --
Conversion of s to s --
Conversion of n to n --
Conversion of Dental Mutes to Linguals and Palatals --
Combinations of Final n --
Combinations of Final m --
Palatal Mutes and Sibilant, and h --
Lingual Sibilant --
Extension and Abbreviation --
Strengthening and Weakening Processes --
Guna and Vrddhi --
Vowel-lengthening --
Vowel-lightening --
Nasal Increment --
Reduplication --
IV.. Declension --
Gender, Number, Case --
Uses of the Cases --
Endings of Declension --
Variation of Stem --
Accent in Declension --
V.. Nouns and Adjectives --
Classification etc. --
Declension I.. Stems in a --
Declension II.. Stems in i and u --
Declension III.. Stems in Long Vowels (a, i, u): A. Root-words etc. --
Stems in Diphthongs --
B. Derivative Stems etc. --
Declension IV.. Stems in r or ar --
Declension V.. Stems in Consonants --
A.. Root-stems etc. --
B.. Derivative Stems in as is, us --
C.. Derivative Stems in an --
D.. In in --
E.. In ant or at --
F.. Perfect Participles in vans --
G.. Comparatives in yans or yas --
Comparison --
VI.. Numerals --
Cardinals --
Ordinals etc. --
VII.. Pronouns --
Personal --
Demonstrative --
Interrogative --
Relative --
Other Pronouns: Emphatic, Indefinite --
Nouns used pronominally --
Pronominal Derivatives, Possessives etc. --
Adjectives declined pronominally --
VIII.. Conjugation --
Voice, Tense, Mode, Number, Person --
Verbal Adjectives and Nouns --
Secondary Conjugations --
Personal Endings --
Subjunctive Mode --
Optative --
Imperative --
Uses of the Modes --
Participles --
Augment --
Reduplication --
Accent of the Verb --
IX.. Present-System --
Conjugations and Conjugation Classes --
Root-Class (second or ad-class) --
Reduplicating Class (third or hu-class) --
Nasal Class (seventh or rudh-class) --
nu and u-Classes (fifth and eighth, or su- and tan-classes) --
na-Class (ninth or kri-class) --
a-Class (first or bhu-class) --
Accented a-Class (sixth or tud-class) --
ya-Class (fourth or div-class) --
Accented ya-Class or Passive Conjugation --
So-called tenth or cur-class --
Uses of the Present and Imperfect --
X.. Perfect-System --
Perfect Tense --
Perfect Participle --
Modes of the Perfect --
Pluperfect --
Uses of the Perfect --
XI.. Aorist-Systems --
Classification --
I.. Simple Aorist --
1.. Root-Aorist --
Passive Aorist 3d sing --
2.. a-Aorist --
3.. Reduplicated Aorist --
III.. Sibilant Aorist --
4.. s-Aorist --
5.. is-Aorist --
6.. sis-Aorist --
7.. sa-Aorist --
Precative --
Uses of the Aorist --
XII.. Future-Systems --
I.. s-Future --
Preterit of the s-Future, Conditional --
II.. Periphrastic Future --
Uses of the Futures and Conditional --
XIII.. Verbal adjectives and Nouns: Participles, Infinitives, Gerunds --
Passive Participle in ta or na --
Past Active Participle in tavant --
Future Passive Participles, Gerundives --
Infinitives --
Uses of the Infinitives --
Gerunds --
Adverbial Gerund in am --
XIV.. Derivative or Secondary Conjugation --
I.. Passive --
II.. Intensive --
Present-System --
Perfect, Aorist, Future, etc. --
III.. Desiderative --
Present-System --
Perfect, Aorist, Future, etc. --
IV.. Causative --
Present-System --
Perfect, Aorist, Future, etc. --
V.. Denominative --
XV.. Periphrastic and Compound Conjugation --
Periphrastic Perfect --
Participial Periphrastic Phrases --
Composition with Prepositional Prefixes --
Other Verbal Compounds --
XVI.. Indeclinables --
Adverbs --
Prepositions --
Conjunctions --
Interjections --
XVII.. Derivation of Declinable Stems --
A.. Primary Derivatives --
B.. Secondary Derivatives --
XVIII.. Formation of Compound Stems --
Classification --
I.. Copulative Compounds --
II.. Determinative Compounds --
A.. Dependent Compounds --
B.. Descriptive Compounds --
III.. Secondary Adjective Compounds --
A.. Possessive Compounds --
B.. Compounds with Governed Final Member --
Adjective Compounds as Nouns and as Adverbs --
Anomalous Compounds --
Stem-finals altered in Composition --
Loose Construction with Compounds --
A.. Examples of Various Sanskrit Type --
B.. Example of Accentuated Text --
Synopsis of the conjugation of roots bhu and kr.
Other Titles: Sanskrit grammar, including both the classical language, and the older dialects, of Veda and Brahmana
Responsibility: by William Dwight Whitney.
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Abstract:

"As Latin is key to the study of Western classics, so Sanskrit is the language of ancient Indian literature. This guide begins with an introduction to the Sanskrit alphabet, followed by a treatment of the accent -- its changes in combination, inflection, and tone. Succeeding chapters discuss declension, conjugation, parts of speech, more."--BOOK JACKET.

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