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Satellite anomalies : benefits of a centralized anomaly database and methods for securely sharing information among satellite operators

Author: David A GalvanDave BaiocchiWilliam Welser, IVBrett HemenwayUnited States. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.All authors
Publisher: Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 2014.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Satellite anomalies are mission-degrading events that negatively affect on-orbit operational spacecraft. All satellites experience anomalies of some kind during their operational lifetime. They range in severity from temporary errors in noncritical subsystems to loss-of-contact and complete mission failure. There is a range of causes for these anomalies, and investigations by the satellite operator or manufacturer  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Satellite anomalies.
Santa Monica, CA : RAND, [2014]
(DLC) 2014940273
(OCoLC)880199971
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: David A Galvan; Dave Baiocchi; William Welser, IV; Brett Hemenway; United States. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.; Rand Corporation.; Acquisition and Technology Policy Center.
ISBN: 9780833089885 0833089889
OCLC Number: 893927841
Notes: "This research was ... conducted within the Acquisition and Technology Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute"--Preface.
"RAND National Defense Research Institute."
Description: 1 online resource (xv, 1, 61 pages) : color illustrations
Contents: Introduction --
Satellite anomalies --
Anomaly databases --
Meeting the security requirements of contributors --
Observations and recommendations.
Responsibility: David A. Galvan, Brett Hemenway, William Welser IV, Dave Baiocchi.

Abstract:

Satellite anomalies are mission-degrading events that negatively affect on-orbit operational spacecraft. All satellites experience anomalies of some kind during their operational lifetime. They range in severity from temporary errors in noncritical subsystems to loss-of-contact and complete mission failure. There is a range of causes for these anomalies, and investigations by the satellite operator or manufacturer to determine the cause of a specific anomaly are sometimes conducted at significant expense. Maintaining an anomaly database is one way to build an empirical understanding of what situations are more or less likely to result in satellite anomalies, and help determine causal relationships. These databases can inform future design and orbital regimes, and can help determine measures to prolong the useful life of an on-orbit spacecraft experiencing problems. However, there is no centralized, up-to-date, detailed, and broadly available database of anomalies covering many different satellites. This report describes the nature and causes of satellite anomalies, and the potential benefits of a shared and centralized satellite anomaly database. Findings indicate that a shared satellite anomaly database would bring significant benefits to the commercial community, and the main obstacles are reluctance to share detailed information with the broader community, as well as a lack of dedicated resources available to any trusted third party to build and manage such a database. Trusted third parties and cryptographic methods such as secure multiparty computing or differential privacy are not complete solutions, but show potential to be further tailored to help resolve the issue of securely sharing anomaly data.

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