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Science among the Ottomans : the cultural creation and exchange of knowledge

Author: Miri Shefer-Mossensohn
Publisher: Austin : University of Texas Press, 2015.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : State or province government publication : English : First editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
Scholars have long thought that, following the Muslim Golden Age of the medieval era, the Ottoman Empire grew culturally and technologically isolated, losing interest in innovation and placing the empire on a path toward stagnation and decline. Science among the Ottomans challenges this widely accepted Western image of the nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Ottomans as backward and impoverished. In the first  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
History
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Shefer-Mossensohn, Miri, 1971-
Science among the Ottomans.
(DLC) 2015010452
(OCoLC)907060338
Material Type: Document, Government publication, State or province government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Miri Shefer-Mossensohn
ISBN: 9781477303603 147730360X 9781477303610 1477303618
OCLC Number: 922325715
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Introduction: What is the history of science? --
The history of science and technology --
The history of Islamic science and technology --
The history of Ottoman science and technology history --
Toward a history of Ottoman scientific experiences --
On inventiveness: An Ottoman lesson --
I. Framing "knowledge" in the Ottoman empire --
A Eurasian matrix: The multiple cultural sources of knowledge in the Ottoman empire --
The Ottoman concept and epistemology of knowledge: The term "Ilm" --
Classification of knowledge in Muslim societies --
Amalgamation of bodies of knowledge in Muslim societies --
Tensions due to fusion of bodies of knowledge: The dispute regarding the status of Pre-Islamic sciences --
Mediating mechanisms of reception --
2. Where and how does learning take place? --
Pedagogy --
New educational institutions and a new type of education in the long Nineteenth century --
3. The transfer of knowledge to, from, and within the Ottoman empire --
Ottoman literacy --
Translations and translators among the Ottoman elite --
Marginal groups as agents of knowledge --
The passage of travelers and knowledge to and from the empire --
4. State in science: On empire, power, infrastructures, and finance --
The patron and the scholar: Intisap and Waqf/Vakif --
Science and technology and the Ottoman state infrastructure --
Science, state, and the state above it: The (Semi)Colonial connection --
Conclusion: Ottoman science --
A teacher and a student: Murtaḍā al-Zabīdī and 'Abd al-Raḥmān al-Jabartī as Ottoman scientists --
Ottoman patterns of scientific activity --
Ottoman innovation.
Responsibility: Miri Shefer-Mossensohn.

Abstract:

Scholars have long thought that, following the Muslim Golden Age of the medieval era, the Ottoman Empire grew culturally and technologically isolated, losing interest in innovation and placing the empire on a path toward stagnation and decline. Science among the Ottomans challenges this widely accepted Western image of the nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Ottomans as backward and impoverished. In the first book on this topic in English in over sixty years, Miri Shefer-Mossensohn contends that Ottoman society and culture created a fertile environment that fostered diverse scientific activity. She demonstrates that the Ottomans excelled in adapting the inventions of others to their own needs and improving them. For example, in 1877, the Ottoman Empire boasted the seventh-longest electric telegraph system in the world; indeed, the Ottomans were among the era's most advanced nations with regard to modern communication infrastructure. To substantiate her claims about science in the empire, Shefer-Mossensohn studies patterns of learning; state involvement in technological activities; and Turkish- and Arabic-speaking Ottomans who produced, consumed, and altered scientific practices. The results reveal Ottoman participation in science to have been a dynamic force that helped sustain the six-hundred-year empire. -- from back cover.

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