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Science and polity in France : the revolutionary and Napoleonic years

Author: Charles Coulston Gillispie
Publisher: Princeton (N.J.) : Princeton university press, cop. 2004.
Edition/Format:   Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
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Examines how the revolutionary and Napoleonic context contributed to modernization both of politics and science. This work argues that in politics the central feature of this modernization was  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Charles Coulston Gillispie
ISBN: 0691115419 9780691115412
OCLC Number: 470147608
Notes: Bibliogr. p. [699]-716. Index.
Description: VIII-751 p. ; 24 cm.
Contents: Abbreviations ix Introduction 1 Chapter I. Science and Politics under the Constituent Assembly 7 1. Science and Politics in 1789 7 2. Bailly and the Constituent Assembly 15 3. Lavoisier and the Arsenal 25 4. Vicq d'Azyr and the Reform of Medicine 36 5. Condorcet and Truth in Politics 56 6. Condorcet, Bailly, and the Governance of Paris 67 7. Political Economy 78 8. Varennes and the Champ-de-Mars 96 Chapter II. Education, Science, and Politics 101 1. Scientists in the Legislative Assembly 101 2. The Condorcet Plan for National Education 110 3. Talleyrand's Educational Proposal 124 4. The Educational Legacy of the Old Regime 129 5. The Political Setting 136 6. The Convention 140 7. Education and Science 146 Chapter III. The Museum of Natural History and the Academy of Science: Rise and Fall 165 1. Natural History and Theoretical Science 165 2. The Museum d'Histoire Naturelle 167 3. The Academy of Science in the Revolutionary Climate 184 4. Artisans and Inventors 195 5. The Last Year of the Academy 210 Chapter IV. The Metric System 223 1. Background 223 2. Proposals 235 3. Methods and Instruments 250 4. Operations in the Field 258 5. The Provisional Meter 278 Chapter V. Science and the Terror 286 1. Terror amd Expropriation 286 2. The Republican Calendar 293 3. The Observatory of Paris 298 4. The College de France 306 5. Individual Destinies 311 6. The Calvary of Condorcet 326 Chapter VI. Scientists at War 339 1. The Monge Connection 339 2. Weaponry 358 3. The Mobilization of Scientists 381 4. Munitions and Guns 397 5. Inventions 428 6. Natural History and Conquest 433 7. Effects of Wartime: Science and the State 444 Chapter VII. Thermidorean Convention and Directory 445 1. Institutionalization of French Science, 1794-1804 445 2. Institut de France, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, and Bureau des Longitudes 446 3. Completion of the Metric System 458 4. The Ecole Normale de l'an III 494 5. The Ecole Polytechnique 520 6. The Ecole de Sante and Clinical Medicine 540 Chapter VIII. Bonaparte and the Scientific Community 551 1. Monge in Italy, 1796-1798 551 2. The Egyptian Expedition 557 3. The Ideologues and 18 Brumaire 600 4. The Consulate, 1799-1804 611 5. Napoleon and Science 640 Chapter IX. Positivist Science 652 1. Discipline Formation 652 2. Comparative Anatomy 655 3. Experimental Physiology 662 4. Mathematical Physics 675 5. Conclusion 694 Acknowledgments 697 Bibliography 699 2. Index 717
Responsibility: Charles Coulston Gillispie.
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"Gillispie is, clearly, thoroughly at home in the language and concepts of the sciences: of pure mathematics, chemistry, mathematical physics and astronomy, biology and natural history, not to Read more...

 
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