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The science of imaging : an introduction

Author: Graham Saxby
Publisher: Boca Raton : CRC Press, ©2011.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 2nd edView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Edited and expanded to keep pace with the digital revolution, this highly popular and critically acclaimed work continues to provide students with a comprehensive exploration of imaging science. Brilliantly written and extensively illustrated, it covers fundamental laws of physics as well as the cutting-edge techniques that are defining the current direction of the field. It adds a new section on astronomical  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Graham Saxby
ISBN: 9781439812860 1439812861
OCLC Number: 769661147
Description: xxi, 330 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm
Contents: The Nature of Light Models for the Behavior of Light Box: Maxwell and Electromagnetism Electromagnetic Radiation The Electromagnetic Spectrum Polarization Interference Diffraction Box: The Grating Condition The Airy Diffraction Pattern Reflection and Refraction Box: Snell's Law Total Internal Reflection (TIR) Prisms The Pinhole Camera Development of a Lens Box: Anomalous Refraction Digging Deeper Photometry, Lighting, and Light Filters Photometric Units Luminous Intensity Luminous Flux Box: Planck's Equation and Retinal Sensitivity Illuminance Inverse Square Law LuminanceReflectance Luminous Energy Luminous Efficacy Spectral Energy Distribution Color Temperature The Mirek Scale Types of Light SourcesPhotographic Light Filters Polarizing Filters Box: Applications of Polarizing FiltersDigging DeeperVisual PerceptionThe Eye and Evolution Optics of the Eye Short and Long Sight The Retina Rods and Cones Sensitivity Range Box: The Weber-Fechner Law Visual Pathways Box: Neural Processing of the Visual Signal Visual Fields and Binocular Vision Color Perception Seeing a Range of Colors Constancy Visual Illusions Perception and Imaging Digging DeeperLens Principles A Model for the Geometry of Camera Lenses The Simple Lens The Lens Laws Real and Virtual Images Depth of Field Box: Hyperfocal Distance Depth of Focus Gaussian Optics Telephoto LensesRetrofocus Lenses Varifocal and Zoom Lenses Angle of Field Lens Aberrations Aspheric SurfacesFall-Off Box: Lens Coating Perspective Box: The Scheimpflug RuleDigging DeeperTypes of Lenses Process Lenses Macro Lenses Catadioptric (Mirror Lens) Systems Telecentric Lens Systems Ultrawide-Angle LensesFisheye Lenses Box: Why "Fisheye"? Panoramic Lenses 360 Degrees Lenses Lenses for Aerial and Satellite Photography Afocal Lens SystemsLens Systems for Underwater Photography GRIN Lenses Diffractive Optical Elements (DOEs) Pinhole Photography Box: Making a Pinhole Digging DeeperResolution in Optical Systems Testing for Resolving Power Diffraction LimitationThe Rayleigh Criterion The Inadequacy of Resolving PowerMeasurements The Modern Approach to Image Quality Box: Analysis of a Square Wave Modulation The Optical Transfer Function The MTF of an "Ideal" Lens Box: OTF and PSF Related Cascading of Transfer Functions Granularity and Pixel Size Digging DeeperImages in ColorEarly Attempts Lippmann PhotographyBox: Lippmann's Desaturated Colors The Young-Helmholtz Theory of VisualPerception Additive Color SynthesisQuantifying Color: The CIE Chromaticity Diagram Box: Measurement Systems for Color Other Scales of Color Measurement Subtractive Color Synthesis Color Separation Negatives Color Prints from Separation Negatives Tripack Color Transparencies Prints from Transparencies Polaroid Color Color Negative-Positive Systems Box: Color Masking Cross-Processing Digging Deeper Still CamerasEarly Cameras Shutters Types of Camera Specialized Cameras Viewfinders Rangefinders and Focus Finders Automatic Focus Control Automatic Exposure Control Flash Synchronization Box: Guide Numbers Camera Shake and Stabilization Mechanisms Image Motion Compensation Digging Deeper Motion and High-Speed Photography Persistence of Vision Early Experiments The Modern Cine Camera Slow Motion and Time LapseHigh-Speed CineMirror and Drum Photography Smear and Streak Photography Lighting for High-Speed Photography Stroboscopy Digging Deeper The Silver Halide Process The Uniqueness of Silver Color Sensitivity of Emulsions Development Box: Oxidation and Reduction Fixing, Washing, and Drying Printing Color Emulsions Processing of Color Emulsions Sensitometry Practical Units of Measurement The Characteristic Curve Inherent Contrast What the Characteristic Curve Tells Us Effect of Varying the Development TimeReciprocity Failure Print Materials The Density Range of a Paper Color Print Papers Image Modification Digging Deeper Digital Recording of Images The Digital Principle Box: The Nyquist CriterionDigital Recording of LuminanceBox: Bits, Bytes, and Binary Arithmetic Extending the Sensitivity Principles of Electronic Information Storage Getting the Image Out of the Camera Color in a Digital Camera Compression The Future for Digital Cameras Scanners and Scanning methods Digging Deeper Halftone, Electrostatic, and Digital Printing Continuous Tones with Printer's InkThe Halftone Principle Printing in ColorColor MaskingElectrostatic Copying (Xerography) PrintersDigging DeeperTelevision Beginnings The Television CameraData Storage MethodsTransmission and Reception of a TV Signal The Signal Transmitting Antennas Receiving Antennas Box: Impedance Microwave Relay Transmission Satellite TransmissionCable Transmissions The TV Receiver Projection Systems Digital Television: The Advantages Aspect RatioHigh-Definition Television Compression Digging DeeperVideo Recording and Replay Systems Magnetic Tape Recording Analogue Sound RecordingBox: Ferromagnetism, Hysteresis, and a.c. Bias Tape Recording Mechanisms Box: Noise Reduction SystemsVideotape Recording Techniques Digital Recording Digital VideotapeHard Disc RecordersMagneto-optical Discs Camcorders CDs and DVDs Box: Before the CDThe Blu-ray System Burning a CD Digging DeeperThree-Dimensional Imaging How We See DepthThe Limits of Stereo Pairs of Images Early Stereoscopic Images Stereoscopic Camera FormatsStereophotography in Aerial Survey Effect of Incorrect Lens Separation Hypostereoscopy in Microscopy Viewing Methods for Stereo Pairs Viewing Without Optical Aids Coincident Image Stereograms Autostereoscopic Systems Stereoscopic Cinema and Television Further Developments in Stereo Projection Simulated Stereopsis Integral Photography Digging DeeperHolography Coherence Denisyuk's Hologram Box: Gabor's Hologram Off-Axis Holograms Leith's Hologram Processing a Hologram Other Types of Sensitive MaterialDichromated Gelatin (DCG) The Real Image Transfer Holograms Contact Copies Astronomical Imaging Early History The Schmidt Configuration Mountings Atmospheric Effects Box: Telescopes in Space Types of Detector Solar Telescopes Infrared and Terahertz Astronomy Radio Telescopes Arrays Interferometry How to Measure the Diameter of a Star Spectroscopy Digging Deeper Macrography, Micrography, and Microimaging Macrography Box: Resolution CriterionMicrographyMicroscope Optics Illumination SystemsConfocal Microscopy Electron Microscopy Microimaging Digging DeeperFocused-Image Holograms Rainbow Holograms Pulse Laser Holograms Embossed Holograms Holographic Stereograms Holograms in Natural Colors Holographic Interferometry Holographic Optical Elements Computer-Generated Holograms Box: Zone Plates Dot Matrix Images Digital Holography Digging DeeperImaging the Invisible Radio Images Terahertz Imaging Infrared Imaging Thermal Imaging Image Conversion and Intensification Ultraviolet and Fluorescence Imaging Endoscopy Radiography Tomography and Scanning Systems Analysis of Scanning Outputs Ultrasonic Imaging Schlieren Photography Digging Deeper Appendix 1: Logarithms: What They Are, What They DoLogarithmic Scales Logs Base 2 Logs to Other Bases Appendix 2: How a Hologram Works Standing WavesAppendix 3: The Fourier Model for Image Formation Appendix 4: The Meaning of pH
Responsibility: Graham Saxby.

Abstract:

Starting with the fundamentals of light and basic cameras, this work takes readers through television and holography to advanced scientific and medical imaging. It covers topics such as digital  Read more...

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In summary, the book has many useful formulas for a variety of designs. It is well organized, so users can easily find the section relevant to their needs. And the plethora of worked examples is very Read more...

 
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