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The scientific image

Author: Bas C Van Fraassen
Publisher: Oxford : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1980.
Series: Clarendon library of logic and philosophy.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Presenting an empiricist alternative to both logical positivism and scientific realism, this book insists on a literal understanding of the language of science and on an irreducibly pragmatic dimension of theory acceptance.
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Van Fraassen, Bas C., 1941-
Scientific image.
Oxford : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1980
(DLC) 79042793
(OCoLC)5942907
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Bas C Van Fraassen
ISBN: 9780191519727 0191519723 0198244274 9780198244271
OCLC Number: 370966278
Description: 1 online resource (xi, 235 pages) : illustrations.
Contents: ""Preface""; ""CONTENTS""; ""1. INTRODUCTION""; ""2. ARGUMENTS CONCERNING SCIENTIFIC REALISM""; ""1. Scientific Realism and Constructive Empiricism""; ""1.1 Statement of Scientific Realism""; ""1.2 Alternatives to Realism""; ""1.3 Constructive Empiricism""; ""2. The Theory/Observation �Dichotomy�""; ""3. Inference to the Best Explanation""; ""4. Limits of the Demand for Explanation""; ""5. The Principle of the Common Cause""; ""6. Limits to Explanation: a Thought Experiment""; ""7. Demons and the Ultimate Argument""; ""3. TO SAVE THE PHENOMENA""; ""1. Models"" ""2. Apparent Motion and Absolute Space""""3. Empirical Content of Newton's Theory""; ""4. Theories and their Extensions""; ""5. Extensions: Victory and Qualified Defeat""; ""6. Failure of the Syntactic Approach""; ""7. The Hermeneutic Circle""; ""8. Limits to Empirical Description""; ""9. A New Picture of Theories""; ""4. EMPIRICISM AND SCIENTIFIC METHODOLOGY""; ""1. Empiricist Epistemology and Scepticism""; ""2. Methodology and Experimental Design""; ""2.1 The Roles of Theory""; ""2.2 Measuring the Charge of the Electron""; ""2.3 Boyd on the Philosophical Explanation of Methodology"" ""2.4 Phenomenology of Scientific Activity""""3. The Conjunction Objection""; ""4. Pragmatic Virtues and Explanation""; ""4.1 The Other Virtues""; ""4.2 The Incursion of Pragmatics""; ""4.3 Pursuit of Explanation""; ""5. THE PRAGMATICS OF EXPLANATION""; ""1. The Language of Explanation""; ""1.1 Truth and Grammar""; ""1.2 Some Examples""; ""2. A Biased History""; ""2.1 Hempel: Grounds for Belief""; ""2.2 Salmon: Statistically Relevant Factors""; ""2.3 Global Properties of Theories""; ""2.4 The Difficulties: Asymmetries and Rejections""; ""2.5 Causality: the Conditio Sine Qua Non"" ""2.6 Causality: Salmon's Theory""""2.7 The Clues of Causality""; ""2.8 Why-questions""; ""2.9 The Clues Elaborated""; ""3. Asymmetries of Explanation: A Short Story""; ""3.1 Asymmetry and Context: the Aristotelian Sieve""; ""3.2 �The Tower and the Shadow�""; ""4. A Model for Explanation""; ""4.1 Contexts and Propositions""; ""4.2 Questions""; ""4.3 A Theory of Why-questions""; ""4.4 Evaluation of Answers""; ""4.5 Presupposition and Relevance Elaborated""; ""5. Conclusion""; ""6. PROBABILITY: THE NEW MODALITY OF SCIENCE""; ""1. Statistics in General Science"" ""2. Classical Statistical Mechanics""""2.1 The Measure of Ignorance""; ""2.2 Objective and Epistemic Probability Disentangled""; ""2.3 The Intrusion of Infinity""; ""3. Probability in Quantum Mechanics""; ""3.1 The Disanalogies with the Classical Case""; ""3.2 Quantum Probabilities as Conditional""; ""3.3 Virtual Ensembles of Measurements""; ""4. Towards an Empiricist Interpretation of Probability""; ""4.1 Probability Spaces as Models of Experiments""; ""4.2 The Strict Frequency Interpretation""; ""4.3 Propensity and Virtual Sequences""; ""4.4 A Modal Frequency Interpretation""
Series Title: Clarendon library of logic and philosophy.
Responsibility: Bas C. van Fraassen.
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Abstract:

Presenting an empiricist alternative to both logical positivism and scientific realism, this book insists on a literal understanding of the language of science and on an irreducibly pragmatic dimension of theory acceptance.

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