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The scientific image

Author: Bas C Van Fraassen
Publisher: Oxford : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1980.
Series: Clarendon library of logic and philosophy.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Presenting an empiricist alternative to both logical positivism and scientific realism, this book insists on a literal understanding of the language of science and on an irreducibly pragmatic dimension of theory acceptance.
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Van Fraassen, Bas C., 1941-
Scientific image.
Oxford : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1980
(DLC) 79042793
(OCoLC)5942907
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Bas C Van Fraassen
ISBN: 9780191519727 0191519723 0198244274 9780198244271
OCLC Number: 370966278
Description: 1 online resource (xi, 235 pages) : illustrations.
Contents: ""Preface""; ""CONTENTS""; ""1. INTRODUCTION""; ""2. ARGUMENTS CONCERNING SCIENTIFIC REALISM""; ""1. Scientific Realism and Constructive Empiricism""; ""1.1 Statement of Scientific Realism""; ""1.2 Alternatives to Realism""; ""1.3 Constructive Empiricism""; ""2. The Theory/Observation �Dichotomy�""; ""3. Inference to the Best Explanation""; ""4. Limits of the Demand for Explanation""; ""5. The Principle of the Common Cause""; ""6. Limits to Explanation: a Thought Experiment""; ""7. Demons and the Ultimate Argument""; ""3. TO SAVE THE PHENOMENA""; ""1. Models"" ""2. Apparent Motion and Absolute Space""""3. Empirical Content of Newton's Theory""; ""4. Theories and their Extensions""; ""5. Extensions: Victory and Qualified Defeat""; ""6. Failure of the Syntactic Approach""; ""7. The Hermeneutic Circle""; ""8. Limits to Empirical Description""; ""9. A New Picture of Theories""; ""4. EMPIRICISM AND SCIENTIFIC METHODOLOGY""; ""1. Empiricist Epistemology and Scepticism""; ""2. Methodology and Experimental Design""; ""2.1 The Roles of Theory""; ""2.2 Measuring the Charge of the Electron""; ""2.3 Boyd on the Philosophical Explanation of Methodology"" ""2.4 Phenomenology of Scientific Activity""""3. The Conjunction Objection""; ""4. Pragmatic Virtues and Explanation""; ""4.1 The Other Virtues""; ""4.2 The Incursion of Pragmatics""; ""4.3 Pursuit of Explanation""; ""5. THE PRAGMATICS OF EXPLANATION""; ""1. The Language of Explanation""; ""1.1 Truth and Grammar""; ""1.2 Some Examples""; ""2. A Biased History""; ""2.1 Hempel: Grounds for Belief""; ""2.2 Salmon: Statistically Relevant Factors""; ""2.3 Global Properties of Theories""; ""2.4 The Difficulties: Asymmetries and Rejections""; ""2.5 Causality: the Conditio Sine Qua Non"" ""2.6 Causality: Salmon's Theory""""2.7 The Clues of Causality""; ""2.8 Why-questions""; ""2.9 The Clues Elaborated""; ""3. Asymmetries of Explanation: A Short Story""; ""3.1 Asymmetry and Context: the Aristotelian Sieve""; ""3.2 �The Tower and the Shadow�""; ""4. A Model for Explanation""; ""4.1 Contexts and Propositions""; ""4.2 Questions""; ""4.3 A Theory of Why-questions""; ""4.4 Evaluation of Answers""; ""4.5 Presupposition and Relevance Elaborated""; ""5. Conclusion""; ""6. PROBABILITY: THE NEW MODALITY OF SCIENCE""; ""1. Statistics in General Science"" ""2. Classical Statistical Mechanics""""2.1 The Measure of Ignorance""; ""2.2 Objective and Epistemic Probability Disentangled""; ""2.3 The Intrusion of Infinity""; ""3. Probability in Quantum Mechanics""; ""3.1 The Disanalogies with the Classical Case""; ""3.2 Quantum Probabilities as Conditional""; ""3.3 Virtual Ensembles of Measurements""; ""4. Towards an Empiricist Interpretation of Probability""; ""4.1 Probability Spaces as Models of Experiments""; ""4.2 The Strict Frequency Interpretation""; ""4.3 Propensity and Virtual Sequences""; ""4.4 A Modal Frequency Interpretation""
Series Title: Clarendon library of logic and philosophy.
Responsibility: Bas C. van Fraassen.
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Abstract:

In this book van Fraassen develops an alternative to scientific realism by constructing and evaluating three mutually reinforcing theories.  Read more...

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Densely argued, erudite and rich in examples from both art and science...Scientific Representation is both provocative and subtle, and as well as the science studies aficionado. It takes us beyond Read more...

 
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