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Scientific method in brief

Author: Hugh G Gauch, Jr.
Publisher: New York : Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"The general principles of the scientific method, which are applicable across all of the sciences, are essential for perspective, productivity, and innovation. These principles include deductive and inductive logic, probability, parsimony, and hypothesis testing, as well as science's presuppositions, limitations, ethics, and bold claims of rationality and truth. The implicit contrast is with specialized techniques  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Gauch, Hugh G., Jr., 1942-
Scientific method in brief.
New York : Cambridge University Press, 2012
(DLC) 2012016520
(OCoLC)794037204
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Hugh G Gauch, Jr.
ISBN: 9781107314832 1107314836 9781299276390 1299276393
OCLC Number: 827944837
Description: 1 online resource (xvii, 288 pages) : illustrations
Contents: Contents note continued: Science's worldview forum --
Justification of knowledge claims --
Review of functions --
Summary --
Study questions --
6. Science's powers and limits --
Rather obvious limitations --
The sciences and worldviews --
Empirical method in the humanities --
Individual experience and worldviews --
Logical roles and diagnoses --
Review of boundaries --
Personal rewards from science --
Summary --
Study questions --
7. Deductive logic --
Deduction and induction --
Historical perspective on deduction --
Propositional logic --
Predicate logic --
Arithmetic --
Common fallacies --
Summary --
Study questions --
8. Probability --
Probability concepts --
Four requirements --
Probability axioms --
Bayes's theorem --
Probability distributions --
Permutations and combinations --
Probability fallacies --
Summary --
Study questions --
9. Inductive logic and statistics --
Historical perspective on induction --
Bayesian inference --
Frequentist inference --
Bayesian decision. Contents note continued: Induction lost and regained --
Summary --
Study questions --
10. Parsimony and efficiency --
Historical perspective on parsimony --
Preview of basic principles --
Curve fitting --
Crop yields --
Crime rates --
Explanation of accuracy gain --
Philosophical reflection --
Summary --
Study questions --
11. Case studies --
Philosophy --
Electronic engineering --
Biochemistry and pharmacology --
Medicine --
Sociology --
Economics --
Law --
Discussion --
Study questions --
12. Ethics and responsibilities --
Philosophical ethics --
Professional ethics --
Discussion --
Study questions --
13. Science education --
Typical NOS concepts --
Better comprehension --
Greater adaptability --
Greater interest --
More realism --
Better researchers --
Better teachers --
Academic NOS concepts --
Summary --
Study questions --
14. Conclusions --
Motion and rationality --
Summary of scientific method --
Exit questions.
Responsibility: Hugh G. Gauch, Jr.
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Abstract:

A concise guide to the principles of scientific method with applications across all sciences, both basic and applied.  Read more...

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'A welcome, and well-informed, introduction for budding scientists to the general principles undergirding the rationality of science. The book draws powerful attention to the fact that future Read more...

 
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