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Self-organised criticality : theory, models, and characterisation

著者: Gunnar Pruessner
出版商: Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2012.
版本/格式:   图书 : 英语查看所有的版本和格式
数据库:WorldCat
提要:
"Giving a detailed overview of the subject, this book takes in the results and methods that have arisen since the term 'self-organised criticality' was coined twenty years ago. Providing an overview of numerical and analytical methods, from their theoretical foundation to the actual application and implementation, the book is an easy access point to important results and sophisticated methods. Starting with the
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所有的著者/提供者: Gunnar Pruessner
ISBN: 9780521853354 0521853354
OCLC号码: 664324535
描述: xxii, 494 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
内容: 1. Introduction --
2. Scaling --
3. Experiments and observations --
4. Deterministic sandpiles --
5. Dissipative models --
6. Stochastic sandpiles --
7. Numerical methods and data analysis --
8. Analytical results --
9. Mechanisms --
10. Summary and discussion --
Appendix: the Olami-Feder-Christensen model in C.
责任: Gunnar Pruessner.
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An overview of results and methods, written for graduates and researchers in physics, mathematics, biology, sociology, finance, medicine and engineering.  再读一些...

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schema:description"1. Introduction -- 2. Scaling -- 3. Experiments and observations -- 4. Deterministic sandpiles -- 5. Dissipative models -- 6. Stochastic sandpiles -- 7. Numerical methods and data analysis -- 8. Analytical results -- 9. Mechanisms -- 10. Summary and discussion -- Appendix: the Olami-Feder-Christensen model in C."@en
schema:description""Giving a detailed overview of the subject, this book takes in the results and methods that have arisen since the term 'self-organised criticality' was coined twenty years ago. Providing an overview of numerical and analytical methods, from their theoretical foundation to the actual application and implementation, the book is an easy access point to important results and sophisticated methods. Starting with the famous Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld sandpile, ten key models are carefully defined, together with their results and applications. Comprehensive tables of numerical results are collected in one volume for the first time, making the information readily accessible to readers. Written for graduate students and practising researchers in a range of disciplines, from physics and mathematics to biology, sociology, finance, medicine and engineering, the book gives a practical, hands-on approach throughout. Methods and results are applied in ways that will relate to the reader's own research"--"@en
schema:description""When Bak, Tang, and Wiesenfeld (1987) coined the term Self-Organised Criticality (SOC), it was an explanation for an unexpected observation of scale invariance and at the same time, a programme of further research. Over the years it developed into a subject area which is concerned mostly with the analysis of computer models that display a form of generic scale invariance. The primacy of the computer model is manifest in the first publication and throughout the history of SOC, which evolved with and revolved around such computer models. That has led to a plethora of computer 'models', many of which are not intended to model much except themselves (also Gisiger, 2001), in the hope that they display a certain aspect of SOC in a particularly clear way. The question whether SOC exists is empty if SOC is merely the title for a certain class of computer models. In the following, the term SOC will therefore be used in its original meaning (Bak et al, 1987), to be assigned to systems with spatial degrees of freedom [which] naturally evolve into a self-organized critical point. Such behaviour is to be juxtaposed to the traditional notion of a phase transition, which is the singular, critical point in a phase diagram, where a system experiences a breakdown of symmetry and long-range spatial and in non-equilibrium, also temporal correlations, generally summarised as (power law) scaling (Widom, 1965a, b; Stanley, 1971)"--"@en
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