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|Additional Physical Format:||Print version:
Sense and Avoid in UAS : Research and Applications.
Hoboken : John Wiley & Sons, ©2012
|Material Type:||Document, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
|Notes:||5.8.2 Spatial Ability.|
|Description:||1 online resource (381 pages)|
|Contents:||Sense and Avoid in UAS; Contents; Preface; About the Editor; About the Contributors; Part I Introduction; 1 Introduction; 1.1 UAV versus UAS; 1.2 Historical Perspective on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles; 1.3 UAV Classification; 1.4 UAV Applications; 1.5 UAS Market Overview; 1.6 UAS Future Challenges; 1.7 Fault Tolerance for UAS; References; 2 Performance Tradeoffs and the Development of Standards; 2.1 Scope of Sense and Avoid; 2.2 System Configurations; 2.3 S & A Services and Sub-functions; 2.4 Sensor Capabilities; 2.4.1 Airborne Sensing; 2.4.2 Ground-Based Sensing; 2.4.3 Sensor Parameters. 2.5 Tracking and Trajectory Prediction2.6 Threat Declaration and Resolution Decisions; 2.6.1 Collision Avoidance; 2.6.2 Self-separation; 2.6.3 Human Decision versus Algorithm; 2.7 Sense and Avoid Timeline; 2.8 Safety Assessment; 2.9 Modeling and Simulation; 2.10 Human Factors; 2.11 Standards Process; 2.11.1 Description; 2.11.2 Operational and Functional Requirements; 2.11.3 Architecture; 2.11.4 Safety, Performance, and Interoperability Assessments; 2.11.5 Performance Requirements; 2.11.6 Validation; 2.12 Conclusion; References. 3 Integration of SAA Capabilities into a UAS Distributed Architecture for Civil Applications3.1 Introduction; 3.2 System Overview; 3.2.1 Distributed System Architecture; 3.3 USAL Concept and Structure; 3.4 Flight and Mission Services; 3.4.1 Air Segment; 3.4.2 Ground Segment; 3.5 Awareness Category at USAL Architecture; 3.5.1 Preflight Operational Procedures: Flight Dispatcher; 3.5.2 USAL SAA on Airfield Operations; 3.5.3 Awareness Category during UAS Mission; 3.6 Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; Part II Regulatory Issues and Human Factors; 4 Regulations and Requirements. 4.1 Background Information4.1.1 Flight Rules; 4.1.2 Airspace Classes; 4.1.3 Types of UAS and their Missions; 4.1.4 Safety Levels; 4.2 Existing Regulations and Standards; 4.2.1 Current Certification Mechanisms for UAS; 4.2.2 Standardization Bodies and Safety Agencies; 4.3 Sense and Avoid Requirements; 4.3.1 General Sense Requirements; 4.3.2 General Avoidance Requirements; 4.3.3 Possible SAA Requirements as a Function of the Airspace Class; 4.3.4 Possible SAA Requirements as a Function of the Flight Altitude and Visibility Conditions. 4.3.5 Possible SAA Requirements as a Function of the Type of Communications Relay4.3.6 Possible SAA Requirements as a Function of the Automation Level of the UAS; 4.4 Human Factors and Situational Awareness Considerations; 4.5 Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; 5 Human Factors in UAV; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Teleoperation of UAVs; 5.3 Control of Multiple Unmanned Vehicles; 5.4 Task-Switching; 5.5 Multimodal Interaction with Unmanned Vehicles; 5.6 Adaptive Automation; 5.7 Automation and Multitasking; 5.8 Individual Differences; 5.8.1 Attentional Control and Automation.|