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Sentience and animal welfare

Author: Donald M Broom
Publisher: Wallingford, Oxfordshire : CABI, [2014]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Beginning with an introduction to sentience, the book investigates why we are so interested in sentience; when, as a species, humans became sentient; and how it has changed over time. The book defines aspects of sentience such as consciousness, memory and emotions, and discusses brain complexity in detail. Looking at sentience from a developmental perspective, it analyzes when in an individual{u2019}s growth  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Donald M Broom
ISBN: 9781780644035 1780644035 9781780644042 1780644043
OCLC Number: 871189352
Description: xiv, 185 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: 1. The qualities that make up sentience : Why are we interested in sentience? ; How do people view species perceived to be like us or unlike us? ; The concept of sentience ; Definitions and descriptions of components --
2. Ethics, morality, and attitudes : Ethics ; Morality, selfishness and altruism ; Obligations ; Rights ; Freedom ; Brief history of attitudes to animals --
3. Animal welfare science: history and concepts : The history of animal welfare science: Before 1960, The 1960s and 1970s, Post-1980 ; The origins of the animal welfare concept ; Welfare in relation to other concepts: Adaptation and welfare, Stress in relation to welfare, Needs and welfare, Health in relation welfare, Naturalness and welfare, Welfare and well-being, Quality of life in relation to welfare, Welfare and 'a life worth living' ; Welfare in relation to sentience --
4. Brain complexity and cognitive ability : Brain function and brain size ; Biology, brain function, brain structure and cognitive ability ; Learning ; Discrimination and recognition ; Cognition ; Range of cognitive abilities ; Metacognition ; Innovation ; Cognitive bias ; Variability among individuals and within populations ; Capabilities for morality ; The dangers of Occam's Razor --
5. Feelings and emotions : Affect, feelings and emotions ; Physiological systems of emotions and feelings ; Mood ; Cognition in relation to emotion ; Pain ; Fear ; Anxiety ; Various pleasures ; Social affection ; Guilt, anger and rage ; Welfare in relation to feelings --
6. Awareness and consciousness : The meaning of awareness ; Reporting perception and blind-sight ; Consciousness ; Assessing own actions and the actions of others ; Concepts of the future ; Concept of self ; Awareness of others having concepts ; Evolution of awareness --
7. Motivation and needs : Motivation ; Needs ; Freedoms ; Welfare in relation to needs ; Assessing what is important to animals --
8. Welfare assessment : Positive and negative welfare, short-term and long-term assessment ; Behavioral, physiological and clinical indicators of poor welfare: Physiological measures, Behavioral measures, Disease, injury, movement and growth measures ; Pain assessment ; Indicators of good welfare including pleasure, happiness, good health: Reporting on happiness, or direct measurement?, Using information about preferences, Play and normal behaviour, Direct measures of good welfare ; Integration of welfare measures ; Risk and benefit analysis in animal welfare ; Welfare reports and welfare outcome indicators for use in inspection --
9. Sentience during development, brain damage, and old age : Introduction: pre- and post-sentence ; Sentience in embryos and fetuses: some developmental differences, Neural and pain system development, Awareness in the fetus : Sentience in young individuals ; Sentience in brain-damaged and old individuals ; Welfare during development, after brain damage and during old age --
10. Ethical decisions about humans and non-humans : Ethical decisions when sentience has been evaluated ; Summary of which animals are sentient and when ; Animal protection ; Conclusions about sentience research and which animals to protect ; Protection of the unborn child and other young ; Protection of brain-damaged and senile persons and other animals --
11. Sustainability, welfare attitudes, and education : Sustainability ; Changing ideas about product quality ; Attitudes to animal welfare and consumer pressure ; Welfare of wild animals, including pests ; GM animals: welfare and public attitudes ; Welfare legislation ; Education : animal abilities and welfare: Teaching animal welfare: non-university courses, Teaching animal welfare: university courses.
Responsibility: Donald M. Broom, Professor of Animal Welfare (Emeritus), Centre for Anthrozoology and Animal Welfare, Department of Veterinary Medicine and St. Catharine's College, University of Cambridge, UK.
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Abstract:

Sentience - the ability to feel, perceive and experience - is central to the animal welfare debate. This book investigates and defines aspects of sentience such as consciousness, memory and emotions,  Read more...

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