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|Named Person:||Jack Begel; Jim Boykin; Leon J Davis; Marshall Dubin; Grace Glassberg; Elliott Godoff; Frankie Herbst; Edward Kay; Oscar Lerner; Ramon Malave; Henry Nicholas; Julio Pagan; Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.; Nelson A Rockefeller; Lorenzo Santiago; Doris Turner; Harry Van Arsdale; Robert F Wagner; Jerry Wurf|
|Document Type:||Archival Material|
|All Authors / Contributors:||National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees.|
|In:||National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees|
|Description:||3 transcripts (165 p.)|
Topics discussed include the subjects' personal backgrounds; early campaigns to organize hospital workers (1949-1957); similar campaigns by the United Public Workers of America (UPWA) and the Teamsters; organizational structure and politics of UPWA; the relationship of UPWA members Jack Begel, Frankie Herbst, and Jerry Wurf; Elliott Godoff's relationship with the Teamsters, especially regarding the Maimonides Hospital contract; a comparison of Godoff's and Leon Davis' leadership styles; a discussion of Leon Davis' and Oscar Lerner's roles in the founding of the Pharmacists' Union of Greater New York; the relationships of policies and structure of the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union (RWDSU) to those of 1199; the strike of Harlem pharmacists (1936); racial discrimination and black pharmacists; and jurisdictional disputes between 1199 and the Service Employees International Union (SEIU), Local 144; also various specific labor relations issues such as split shift; overtime; wages; employee theft; wage adjustments; grievance committees; and administrators' and supervisors' reactions to the organizing campaign.
Other topics discussed include organizing activities at Beth-El Hospital; leafleting; strike conduct; union administration under the Permanent Administrative Committee (PAC); the establishment of hospital organizing committees; the organizing strategies of Doris Turner, Jim Boykin, Marshall Dubin, Julio Pagan, Lorenzo Santiago, and Grace Glassberg; the participation of Hispanic workers in strikes; Rockefeller's influence on passage of New York State collective bargaining legislation; the role of 1199 in workers' lives; the role of the print and broadcast media in hospital unionization; a comparison between organizing hospitals and drugstores; the training of rank and file organizers and their promotion to union leadership; and the strategy of mobilizing and raising workers' consciousness.
Also reviewed are 1199 social activities and social policies; bureaucratic procedures of the area directors' office; 1199 educational programs and the use of training and upgrading funds; the impact of union leaders' personalities and leadership styles; membership complaints; worker motivation; the role of delegates and organizers in union administration and in communication with rank and file members; the efforts to organize hospital departments; grievance handling; worker identification with the labor movement; alleged elitism and racism in various hospital departments; the impact of nurses' aides on patient care; the militancy of black workers; a comparison of organizing compaigns in Long Island and in New York City; and Henry Nicholas', Elliott Godoff's, and Ted Mitchell's organizing strategies.
Also discussed are the positions of the managements of Mount Sinai and Montefiore Hospitals on the union organizing campaign; Mayor Wagner's role in the settlement of hospital strikes; 1199's alliances with the civil rights movement; the participation of Montefiore workers in the organizing campaign; the effects of the Montefiore organizing campaign on hospital unionization in New York City; the alleged caste system in hospital social organization; Mitchell's and Dubin's organizing activities in Bronx hospitals; community support of the hospital strike; the jailing of Leon Davis; the participation of RWDSU staff in hospital unionization; working conditions in Mount Sinai Hospital; the treatment of scabs; police interference with pickets and strikers; donations of food and financial contributions to striking hospital workers; Harry Van Arsdale's and Adam Clayton Powell's participation in hospital unionization; the cultural solidarity of Spanish speaking workers; and the operation of hospitals during the strike.
- Begel, Jack.
- Boykin, Jim.
- Davis, Leon J. -- (Leon Julius), -- 1907-
- Dubin, Marshall.
- Glassberg, Grace.
- Godoff, Elliott.
- Herbst, Frankie.
- Kay, Edward.
- Lerner, Oscar.
- Malave, Ramon.
- Nicholas, Henry.
- Pagan, Julio.
- Powell, Adam Clayton, -- Jr., -- 1908-1972.
- Rockefeller, Nelson A. -- (Nelson Aldrich), -- 1908-1979.
- Santiago, Lorenzo.
- Turner, Doris.
- Van Arsdale, Harry, -- 1905-
- Wagner, Robert F., -- 1910-
- Wurf, Jerry, -- 1919-1981.
- Beth-El Hospital (New York, N.Y.)
- International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen, and Helpers of America.
- Montefiore Hospital Medical Group (New York, N.Y.)
- Mount Sinai Hospital (New York, N.Y.)
- National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. -- District 1199.
- Permanent Administrative Committee (New York, N.Y.)
- United Public Workers of America.
- African American pharmacists.
- African Americans in medicine -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Civil rights movements -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Ethnic attitudes.
- Harlem Pharmacists' Strike, New York, N.Y., 1936.
- Labor and laboring classes -- Political activity -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Minorities -- Employment -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Puerto Ricans -- Employment -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Race discrimination -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Strikebreakers -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Strikes and lockouts -- United States -- Public opinion.