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Sex ratios, entrepreneurship, and economic growth in the People's Republic of China

Author: Shang-Jin Wei; Xiaobo Zhang; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, ©2011.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 16800.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
China experiences an increasingly severe relative surplus of men in the pre-marital age cohort. The existing literature on its consequences focuses mostly on negative aspects such as crime. In this paper, we provide evidence that the imbalance may also stimulate economic growth by inducing more entrepreneurship and hard work. First, new domestic private firms -- an important engine of growth -- are more likely to  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Shang-Jin Wei; Xiaobo Zhang; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 703147777
Notes: "February 2011."
Title from http://www.nber.org/papers/16800 viewed Feb. 21, 2011.
Description: 1 online resource (44 p.) : ill.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 16800.
Responsibility: Shang-Jin Wei, Xiaobo Zhang.

Abstract:

China experiences an increasingly severe relative surplus of men in the pre-marital age cohort. The existing literature on its consequences focuses mostly on negative aspects such as crime. In this paper, we provide evidence that the imbalance may also stimulate economic growth by inducing more entrepreneurship and hard work. First, new domestic private firms -- an important engine of growth -- are more likely to emerge from regions with a higher sex ratio imbalance. Second, the likelihood for parents with a son to be entrepreneurs rises with the local sex ratio. Third, households with a son in regions with a more skewed sex ratio demonstrate a greater willingness to accept relatively dangerous or unpleasant jobs and supply more work days. In contrast, the labor supply pattern by households with a daughter is unrelated to the sex ratio. Finally, regional GDP tends to grow faster in provinces with a higher sex ratio. Since the sex ratio imbalance will become worse in the near future, this growth effect is likely to persist.

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Linked Data


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